ICSE Class 8 History and Civics syllabus provides an understanding of the past, which is crucial to understanding the present-day global world. Here, we have provided the detailed ICSE Class 8 History and Civics Syllabus. The present ICSE Class 8 curriculum in History and Civics will help students to understand the world and to use moral and mental energy against social forces. So, go through the detailed ICSE Syllabus for Class 8 History and Civics and kick start your studies in an organised way.
Students can have a look at the core concepts of the History and Civics syllabus below:
Download ICSE Class 8 History Revised Syllabus 2022-23 – The Modern World
Students can find the main topics of the History syllabus below. The subtopics of these have been provided in detail in the pdf.
Theme 1: A Period of Transition
- The period of transition – basic understanding.
- Sources – Primary and Secondary.
- Transition from Medieval to Modern Age (a brief mention of Renaissance, Reformation, Voyages, discoveries).
- The Industrial Revolution – meaning and reasons why it began in England, major inventions, Impacts of Industrial Revolution.
- Imperialism- Its meaning, caused and impacts with special reference to South Asian Countries.
Theme 2: The Growth of Nationalism
- The French Revolution – causes, the outbreak, impact, the post – revolution period, Napoleon Bonaparte (brief study of the revolution).
- The American War of Independence – colonies, causes, beginning, birth of the United States of America.
- American Civil War – background, causes, beginnings, role of Abraham Lincoln and the Gettysburg Address.
Theme 3: India in the 18th Century
- Decline of the Mughal Empire – (Major factors/causes).
- Rise of independent/regional kingdoms- Hyderabad, Awadh, Bengal, Rajputs, Sikhs, Mysore, Marathas (brief).
Theme 4: Traders to Rulers
- Advent of English East India Company- a brief mention
- Conquest of Bengal-Battle of Plassey, Buxar- causes and results.
- Dual Government- Drawbacks of Dual government.
- Policy of British Expansion (meaning and examples) – Doctrine of lapse, Subsidiary Alliance, Annexation of Awadh (pretext).
Theme 5: British Policies and Impacts
- Economic policy
- Land Revenue system (Permanent Settlement, Mahalwari, Ryotwari), highlight Permanent Settlement only,
- Exploitation of artisans and weavers.
- Drain of wealth.
- Introduction of Modern Education.
Wood’s Despatch (What was Wood’s despatch and its effects).
Theme 6: The Great Uprising of 1857
- Reasons – political, socio religious, economic, military.
- Immediate causes.
- Leaders and Spread of the uprising
- Nature of the Uprising.
Theme 7: Socio-Religious Reforms
- Contribution of Social Reformers in brief:
Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar, Dayanand Saraswati, Swami Vivekanand, JyotibaPhule, Annie Beasant, Veerasalingam, Kandukuri, Sree Narayana Guru, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and Singh Sabhas
Theme 8: India’s Struggle for Freedom
- Rise of nationalism – factors- economic exploitation, spread of western education, role of the Press, repressive policy of Lord Lytton (to be covered briefly)
- Early political associations – The Indian National Congress (formation and objectives), The Moderates- leaders, methods, demands Partition of Bengal- only the Anti Partition Movement-Swadeshi and Boycott to be covered briefly, Surat split- a brief understanding.
- Home Rule Movement- leaders and objectives, Lucknow Pact (1916)- as Unity Pact (a brief understanding).
- Gandhian Era (1917 – 1947).
- Early campaigns- Kheda, Champaran, Ahmedabad (a brief description).
- Mass Movements-Non- cooperation (causes, withdrawal, impact), Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala, Khilafat (Chauri- Chaura).
- Civil Disobedience Movement (causes) Simon Commission, Lahore Session Quit India-Forward Bloc and INA (objectives only) Independence and partition – Cabinet Mission Plan, Mountbatten plan, Indian Independence Act (only clauses).
Download ICSE Class 8 Civics Revised Syllabus 2022-23
ICSE Class 8 Civics mainly consists of 2 topics. There are subtopics covered under them, which students can know by downloading the pdf.
Theme 1: The three main organs of the Indian Government: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary
- Legislature – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, composition, term, election, qualifications, Presidency officer. Powers & functions of the Union Parliament.
- Executive – The President, The Vice-President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers- qualifications, election (method not procedure) powers and functions.
- The Judiciary– The Supreme Court and High Court – Composition, qualifications of judges, appointment, Jurisdiction and functions: Original, Appellate, Revisory, Judicial Review, Court of Record, Writs, what are Writs-few examples
Theme 2: United Nations
- Aims and Principles, Organs (all SLR mention in brief)- General Assembly, Security Council, International Court of Justice (detail) – Composition and functions.
- Agencies of UN – UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO – functions only.
We have compiled the syllabus of all the subjects of Class 8 ICSE. Students can access them by visiting the ICSE Class 8 Syllabus page at BYJU’S. Keep learning and stay tuned for further updates on ICSE/CBSE/State Board and other competitive exams.