ICSE Class 8 History and Civics Syllabus

ICSE Class 8 History and Civics Syllabus provides an understanding of the past, which is crucial to understanding the present-day world. Here, we have provided the detailed ICSE Class 8 History and Civics Syllabus. The present ICSE Class 8 curriculum in History and Civics will help students to understand the world better. So, go through the detailed ICSE Syllabus for Class 8 History and Civics and kick-start your studies in an organised way.

Download ICSE Class 8 History and Civics Syllabus 2023-24 PDF

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Students can have a look at the core concepts of the History and Civics syllabus below.

Download ICSE Class 8 History Latest Syllabus 2023-24 – The Modern World

Students can find the main topics of the History syllabus below. The subtopics of these have been provided in detail in the PDF.

Theme 1: A Period of Transition

  • The period of transition – basic understanding
  • Sources – Primary and Secondary
  • Transition from Medieval to Modern Age (a brief mention of Renaissance, Reformation, Voyages, discoveries)
  • The Industrial Revolution – meaning and reasons why it began in England, major inventions, Impacts of Industrial Revolution
  • Imperialism- Its meaning, caused and impacts with special reference to South Asian Countries

Theme 2: The Growth of Nationalism

  • The French Revolution – causes, the outbreak, impact, the post-revolution period, Napoleon Bonaparte (brief study of the revolution).
  • The American War of Independence – colonies, causes, beginning, birth of the United States of America.
  • American Civil War – background, causes, beginnings, role of Abraham Lincoln and the Gettysburg Address.

Theme 3: India in the 18th Century

  • Decline of the Mughal Empire – (Major factors/causes).
  • Rise of independent/regional kingdoms- Hyderabad, Awadh, Bengal, Rajputs, Sikhs, Mysore, Marathas (brief).

Theme 4: Traders to Rulers

  • Advent of English East India Company- a brief mention
  • Conquest of Bengal-Battle of Plassey, Buxar- causes and results
  • Dual Government- Drawbacks of Dual government
  • Policy of British Expansion (meaning and examples) – Doctrine of lapse, Subsidiary Alliance, Annexation of Awadh (pretext)

Theme 5: British Policies and Impacts

  • Economic policy
    • Land Revenue system (Permanent Settlement, Mahalwari, Ryotwari), highlight Permanent Settlement only
  • Exploitation of artisans and weavers
  • Drain of wealth
  • Introduction of Modern Education

Wood’s Despatch (What was Wood’s despatch and its effects).

Theme 6: The Great Uprising of 1857

  • Reasons – political, socio-religious, economic, military
  • Immediate causes
  • Leaders and Spread of the uprising
  • Consequences
  • Nature of the Uprising

Theme 7: Socio-Religious Reforms

  • Contribution of Social Reformers in brief:
    Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar, Dayanand Saraswati, Swami Vivekanand, JyotibaPhule, Annie Beasant, Veerasalingam, Kandukuri, Sree Narayana Guru, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and Singh Sabhas

Theme 8: India’s Struggle for Freedom

Phase 1

  • Rise of nationalism – factors- economic exploitation, spread of western education, role of the Press, repressive policy of Lord Lytton (to be covered briefly)
  • Early political associations – The Indian National Congress (formation and objectives), The Moderates- leaders, methods, demands Partition of Bengal- only the Anti Partition Movement-Swadeshi and Boycott to be covered briefly, Surat split- a brief understanding.

Phase 2

  • Home Rule Movement- leaders and objectives, Lucknow Pact (1916)- as Unity Pact (a brief understanding).
  • Gandhian Era (1917 – 1947)
  • Early campaigns- Kheda, Champaran, Ahmedabad (a brief description).
  • Mass Movements-Non- cooperation (causes, withdrawal, impact), Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala, Khilafat (Chauri- Chaura).
  • Civil Disobedience Movement (causes) Simon Commission, Lahore Session Quit India-Forward Bloc and INA (objectives only) Independence and partition – Cabinet Mission Plan, Mountbatten plan, Indian Independence Act (only clauses).

Download the ICSE Class 8 Civics Latest Syllabus 2023-24

The ICSE Class 8 Civics mainly consists of 2 topics. There are subtopics covered under them, which students can know by downloading the PDF.

Theme 1: The three main organs of the Indian Government: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary

  • Legislature – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, composition, term, election, qualifications, Presidency officer. Powers & functions of the Union Parliament.
  • Executive – The President, The Vice-President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers- qualifications, election (method not procedure) powers and functions.
  • The Judiciary– The Supreme Court and High Court – Composition, qualifications of judges, appointment, Jurisdiction and functions: Original, Appellate, Revisory, Judicial Review, Court of Record, Writs, what are Writs-few examples

Theme 2: United Nations

  • Aims and Principles, Organs (all SLR mention in brief)- General Assembly, Security Council, International Court of Justice (detail) – Composition and functions.
  • Agencies of UN – UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO – functions only

We have compiled the syllabus of all the subjects of Class 8 ICSE. Students can access them by visiting the ICSE Class 8 Syllabus page at BYJU’S. Keep learning, and stay tuned for further updates on ICSE/CBSE/State Board and other competitive exams.


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