ICSE Class 10 Biology Syllabus

ICSE Syllabus for Class 10 Biology is provided here to help students in their exam preparation. Along with the syllabus, we have also provided the mark-wise weightage for every chapter so that students can have a good idea about the exam pattern. The ICSE Syllabus for Class 10 Biology contains all basic concepts which will be used in the next class. Knowing the ICSE Class 10 Biology Syllabus helps students in planning their studies in advance so they can finish the syllabus on time. Doing so will give them enough space for revision before the board exam. Students can find the latest ICSE Class 10 Biology Syllabus PDF for the year 2024 below.

Download ICSE Class 10 Biology Syllabus PDF for the Year 2023-24

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The ICSE Syllabus for Class 10 Biology includes

1. Basic Biology

(i) Cell Cycle and Cell Division

(ii) Structure of chromosome

(iii) Genetics: Mendel’s laws of inheritance and sex-linked inheritance of diseases

2. Plant Physiology

(i) Absorption by roots, imbibition, diffusion and osmosis; osmotic pressure, root pressure; turgidity and flaccidity; plasmolysis and deplasmolysis; the absorption of water and minerals; active and passive transport (in brief); The rise of water up to the xylem; Forces responsible for ascent of sap.

(ii) Transpiration – process and significance. Ganong’s potometer and its limitations. The factors affecting rate of transpiration. Experiments on transpiration. A brief idea of guttation and bleeding.

(iii) Photosynthesis: the process and its importance to life in general; experiments to show the necessity of light, carbon dioxide, chlorophyll, formation of starch and release of oxygen; carbon cycle.

(iv) Chemical coordination in Plants: A general study of plant growth regulators; Tropic movements in plants

3. Human Anatomy and Physiology

(i) Circulatory System: Blood and lymph, the structure and working of the heart, blood vessels, circulation of blood (only names of the main blood vessels entering and leaving the heart, liver and kidney will be required). Lymphatic system.

(ii) Excretory System: A brief introduction to the excretory organs; parts of the urinary system; structure and function of the kidneys; blood vessels associated with kidneys; structure and function of nephron.

(iii) Nervous system: Structure of Neuron; central, autonomous and peripheral nervous system (in brief); brain and spinal cord; reflex action and how it differs from voluntary action.

(iv) Endocrine System: General study of the following glands: Adrenal, Pancreas, Thyroid and Pituitary. Endocrine and Exocrine glands.

(v) The Reproductive System: Organs, fertilisation functions of placenta in the growth of the embryo Menstrual cycle.

4. Population

Population explosion in India; need for adopting control measures – population control.

5. Human Evolution

Basic introduction to Human evolution and Theories of evolution: Lamarck’s theory of inheritance; Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection.

6. Pollution

(i) Types and sources of pollution; major pollutants

(ii) Biodegradable and Non-biodegradable wastes

(iii) Effects of pollution on climate, environment, human health and other organisms; control measures.

After knowing the ICSE Syllabus for Class 10 Biology, students must have a look at the marking scheme and exam pattern of the Biology subject. Students can also check out the ICSE Syllabus for Classes 1 to 10, comprising of all subjects.

ICSE Class 10 Biology Marking Scheme

The duration of the ICSE Class 10 Biology paper is for two hours, and the overall marks are 100, among which 80 marks are for theory, and 20 marks will be for Internal Assessment of practical works.

Subject Theory Paper Internal Assessment of Practical Work
Biology 80 Marks

20 Marks

ICSE Class 10 Biology Exam Pattern

The exam pattern of ICSE Class 10 Biology provides the marks distribution, number of questions and important topics. Before starting the exam preparation going through the exam pattern of Biology will help students to understand what type of questions they can expect from each chapter.

The Biology question paper is divided into two sections:

  1. Section I carries 40 marks, all questions are compulsory, and it mainly contains short answer questions on the entire syllabus.
  2. Section II carries 40 marks, which contains six questions and students are required to answer any four out of six questions.
For Biology (2 Hrs)
Section I  – Short compulsory questions worth 40 marks
Section II  – 6 questions, out of which any 4 are to be solved, worth 40 marks

The syllabus of ICSE Class 10 for Biology helps students get an idea about the course content to prepare themselves accordingly. Studying according to the ICSE Syllabus for Class 10 Biology will allow them to fetch more marks in the exam. It also provides information about the time duration and the subtopics related to each chapter. Moreover, they can get the ICSE Class 10 Syllabus for all subjects and plan their studies accordingly.

The ICSE is an autonomous educational board of school education in India and is mainly known for its standard educational pattern that provides students with quality education. Stay tuned to BYJU’S to get the latest news on ICSE and ISC exams, along with the exam syllabus, marking scheme of the exam, timetable and other exam-related details.


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