ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Syllabus

Knowing the ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Syllabus helps students in preparing a proper study plan. It works as a map route for students. Just by looking at the 10th ICSE History and Civics syllabus, students can easily make out what topics they have covered and what remains. Thus, ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Syllabus allows students to prepare for the exam in an organised way. Here, we have provided the revised Class 10 ICSE Syllabus for History and Civics for the year 2023.

ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Revised Syllabus PDF for the Year 2023 – Download Revised PDF

In this page, along with the syllabus we have also provided the exam pattern of History and Civics subjects. Knowing the paper pattern will provide a comprehensive understanding of the subject and help students in preparing effectively for the board exam.

ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Paper Pattern 2022-2023

ICSE Class 10 students will have one paper of History and Civics subject of 2 hours of duration carrying 80 marks. There will be an Internal Assessment of 20 marks. The theory paper will be divided into two parts, Part I and Part II.

Part Topics Marks
Part 1 Consist of Short Answer Questions 30
Part 2 Consist of Section A and Section B. Students are required to answer 2 out of 3 questions from Section A and 3 out of 5 questions from Section B. 50

Revised ICSE Class 10 Civics Syllabus – Section A

1. The Union Legislature

Definition of a federal setup.

(i) Lok Sabha – term, composition, qualifications for membership. Parliamentary procedures: a brief idea of sessions, quorum, question hour, adjournment and no-confidence motion. Speaker – election and functions.

(ii) Rajya Sabha – composition, qualifications for membership, election, term, Presiding Officer.

Powers and functions of Union Parliament – (legislative, financial, judicial, electoral, amendment of the Constitution, control over executive). Exclusive powers of the two Houses.

2. The Union Executive

(a) The President:

Qualifications for election, composition of the Electoral College, reason for indirect election, term of office, procedure for impeachment.

Powers: executive, legislative, discretionary and emergency (only the three types of emergencies and circumstances leading to proclamation of these emergencies).

(b) The Vice-President:

Qualifications for election, term of office and powers.

(c) Prime Minister and Council of Ministers: Appointment, formation of Council of Ministers, three categories of the Council of Ministers, tenure, functions – policy making, administrative and legislative. Position and powers of the Prime Minister (with reference to the President, the Cabinet, the Parliament and role as the Leader of the Nation), Collective and individual responsibility of the members of the Cabinet. Distinction between the Council of Ministers and the Cabinet.

3. The Judiciary

(a) The Supreme Court:

Composition, qualifications of judges, appointment, independence of judiciary from the control of executive and legislature; Jurisdiction and functions: Original, Appellate, Advisory, Revisory, Judicial Review and Court of Record. Enforcement of Fundamental Rights and Writs.

(b) The High Courts:

Composition, qualifications of judges, appointment; Jurisdiction and functions: Original and Appellate.

(c) Subordinate Courts:

Distinction between Court of the District Judge and Sessions Court.

Lok Adalats: meaning and advantages.

ICSE Class 10 History Syllabus – Section B

1. The Indian National Movement (1857 – 1917)

(a) The First War of Independence, 1857

Only the causes (political, socio-religious, economic and military) and consequences (only end of the Company’s Rule and changes introduced in administration). The events, however, need to be mentioned in order to maintain continuity and for a more comprehensive understanding.

(b) Factors leading to the growth of Nationalism – repressive policies of Lord Lytton and Ilbert Bill Controversy, socio-religious reform movements (any two contributions of Raja Rammohan Roy and Jyotiba Phule) and role of the Press.

Foundation of the Indian National Congress – The year of formation and its founder – the first two sessions and their Presidents should be mentioned. Immediate objectives of the Indian National Congress.

(c) First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907) – methods of struggle of the Early Nationalists. Any two contributions of Dadabhai Naoroji, Surendranath Banerjee and Gopal Krishna Gokhale.

Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916) – Brief mention of the causes of the Partition of Bengal – Lord Curzon’s view and the view of the Nationalists. Objectives and methods of struggle of the Assertive Nationalists. Any two contributions of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai. The difference between the objectives and methods of the Assertive and early Nationalists.

The Muslim League: Year of formation, the first session and the name of the President. The objectives of the Muslim League.

Brief mention of the significance of the Lucknow Pact – 1916.

2. Mass Phase of the National Movement (1915-1947)

(a) Mahatma Gandhi – Non-Cooperation Movement : causes (Khilafat Movement, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy), programme and suspension – Chauri Chaura incident and impact of the Movement; the Civil Disobedience Movement: causes (reaction to the Simon Commission, Declaration of Poorna Swaraj at the Lahore Session of 1929), Dandi March, programme and impact of the Movement, Gandhi-Irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference; the Quit India Movement: causes (failure of the Cripps Mission, Japanese threat), Quit India Resolution and the significance of the Movement.

(b) Forward Bloc (objectives) and INA (the name of the founder, objectives and any two achievements), Contributions of Subhas Chandra Bose.

(c) Independence and Partition of India – Mountbatten Plan (clauses and its acceptance); and the Indian Independence Act of 1947 (clauses only).

3. The Contemporary World

(a) The First World War

Causes (Nationalism and Imperialism, division of Europe and Sarajevo crisis) and Results (Treaty of Versailles, objectives of the League of Nations).

(b) Rise of Dictatorships

Causes for the rise of Fascism in Italy and the rise of Nazism in Germany. Similarities between Mussolini’s Fascist and Hitler’s Nazi ideologies.

(c) The Second World War

Causes (Dissatisfaction with the Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism and Nazism, Japanese invasion of China, failure of League of Nations and Hitler’s invasion of Poland). Consequences (brief mention of defeat of Axis Powers, formation of the United Nations and Cold War between the two power blocs).

(d) United Nations

(i) The objectives of the U.N.

The composition and functions of the General Assembly, the Security Council and the International Court of Justice.

(ii) Major agencies of the United Nations: UNICEF, WHO and UNESCO – any four functions only.

(e) Non Aligned Movement (NAM)

Brief meaning; objectives; Names of the architects of NAM (Nehru, Nasser and Tito).

ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Syllabus – Internal Assessment

ICSE Class 10 students have to work on any one project/assignment related to the History and Civics Syllabus.

Suggested Assignments

Have a look at the list of the project work/assignments.

  1. Compare the Parliamentary and Presidential forms of Government with reference to India and the U.S.A.
  2. Conduct a mock Court and record the proceedings.
  3. Present a life sketch and contributions of any one of the following Presidents of India-Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan and Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (or any other).
  4. Present a book review of any one of the following works: Dadabai Naoroji’s ‘Poverty and un-British rule in India’, Gandhi’s ‘The Story of my Experiments with Truth’, Nehru’s ‘Discovery of India’, Bhagat Singh’s ‘Why I am an Atheist’, Vijayalakshmi Pandit’s ‘The Scope of Happiness, A Personal Memoir’, Abdul Kalam’s ‘Wings of Fire’.
  5. Discuss the relevance of any one of the following films to understand the history of 20th Century Europe: The Book Thief, Schindler’s List, Escape to Victory, The Boy in Striped Pyjamas, Life is Beautiful, The Sound of Music, Gandhi (Richard Attenborough), Sardar (Ketan Mehta), Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose – The Forgotten Hero (Shyam Benegal).
  6. Highlight the work and achievements of any one Nobel Laureate – Malala Yousafzai or Kailash Satyarthi.
  7. Make a powerpoint presentation on India’s Independence and Partition.
  8. Make a presentation on the influence of Gandhian principles on Martin Luther King / Nelson Mandela.
  9. Prepare a report on the contributions of any one of the following agencies of the United Nations – UNESCO / WHO / UNICEF / ILO / UNDP / FAO.

We have also compiled the syllabus of all subjects at a single place. Students can access them easily by visiting the ICSE Class 10 Syllabus page. Download the BYJU’S App and fall in love with learning.

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