ICSE Class 8 Maths Syllabus

ICSE Class 8 Maths Syllabus is provided here for students of Class 8 to learn the topics of Mathematics properly and for the best learning experience, as offered by the ICSE curriculum. Keep a check on the ICSE Syllabus while studying and make sure that you don’t miss out on any topic during your preparation.

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The syllabus of ICSE Class 8 Mathematics is given below.

Theme 1: Number System

1) Rational Numbers

  • Properties of rational numbers (including identities). Using the general form of expression to describe properties
  • Representation of rational numbers on the number line
  • Between any two rational numbers, there lies another rational number
  • Word problem

2) Exponents Powers

  • Laws of exponents with integral powers
  • Square and Square roots using the factor method and division method for numbers containing
    • no more than total 4 digits
    • no more than 2 decimal places
  • Cubes and cubes roots (only factor method for numbers containing at most 3 digits)

3) Playing with numbers

  • Writing and understanding a 2 and 3-digit numbers in the generalised form (100a + 10b + c, where a, b, c can be only digit 0-9) and engaging with various puzzles children to solve and create problems and puzzles.
  • Deducing the divisibility test rules of 2, 3, 5, 9, 10 for a two or three-digit number expressed in the general form.

 4) Sets

  • Union and intersection of sets
  • Disjoint-set
  • Complement of a set

Theme 2: Ratio and Proportion

  • Slightly advanced problems involving applications on percentages, profit & loss, overhead expenses, Discount, tax.
  • Difference between simple and compound interest (compounded yearly up to 3 years or half-yearly up to 3 steps only)
  • Direct and inverse variations – Simple and direct word problems
  • Time and work problems – Simple and direct word problems

Theme 3: Algebra

  • Algebraic Expressions
  • Multiplication and division of algebraic expression (Coefficient should be integers)
  • Identities (a ± b)2 = a2± 2ab + b2, a2 – b2 = (a – b) (a + b).
  • Properties of in equalities.
  • Factorisation (simple cases only) as examples of the following types a(x + y), (x ± y)2, a2 – b2, (x + a)(x + b)
  • Solving linear equations in one variable in contextual problems involving multiplication and division (word problems) (avoid complex coefficient in the equations)

Theme 4: Geometry

Understanding shapes:

i. Properties of quadrilaterals – Angle Sum property
ii. Properties of a parallelogram (By verification)

  • Opposite sides of a parallelogram are equal
  • Opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal
  • Diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other
  • Diagonals of a rectangle are equal and bisect each other
  • Diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles
  • Diagonals of a square are equal and bisect each other at right angles

Representing 3D in 2D

  • Identify and match pictures with objects [more complicated, e.g., nested, joint 2D and 3D shapes (not more than 2)].
  • Drawing 2D representation of 3D objects (Continued and extended)
  • Counting vertices, edges & faces & verifying Euler’s relation for 3D figures with flat faces (cubes, cuboids, tetrahedrons, prisms and pyramids)

Construction of Quadrilaterals

  • Given four sides and one diagonal
  • Three sides and two diagonals
  • Three sides and two included angles
  • Two adjacent sides and three angles

The idea of reflection symmetry and symmetrical shapes.


  • Circle, centre, radius/diameter, arc, chord, sector and segment.

Theme 5: Mensuration

  • Area of a trapezium, a polygon and semi-circle.
  • Surface area of a cube, cuboid, cylinder.
  • Idea of Total surface area and curved surface areas of various 3D figures
  • Concept of volume, measurement of volume using a basic unit, the volume of a cube, cuboid and cylinder
  • Volume and capacity (the measurement of capacity)

Theme 6: Data Handling

  • Arranging ungrouped data, it into groups, representation of grouped data through bar-graphs, constructing and interpreting bar-graphs.
  • Simple Pie charts with reasonable data numbers
  • Consolidating and generalising the notion of chance in events like tossing coins, dice, etc. Relating it to chance in life events.

Recommended textbooks

  • ICSE Mathematics for Class 8 by Asit Das Gupta-English-Bharati Bhawan (English) by Asit Das Gupta
  • Mathematics Today-8 (ICSE) (English) 01 Edition (Paperback) by S K Gupta
  • Longman ICSE Mathematics Book 8 (Paperback) by Sehgal


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