ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus

ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus is provided here in detail. The syllabus contains an overview of the topics which students have to study throughout the academic year. It also helps ICSE Class 10 students in planning their studies in an organised way. The syllabus is prepared by the council and contains complete detail on course structure and subtopics related to the Chemistry subject. The syllabus created by the ICSE will help in learning the concepts for the next class and also for engineering and medical entrance exams.

Given below is the detailed syllabus of the ICSE Class 10 Chemistry, along with the practical syllabus mentioned in it. Students can download the ICSE Syllabus for Class 10 PDF by clicking the link below.

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The Chemistry exam pattern for the ICSE Class 10 will give an overview of the exact question paper pattern and mark distribution. It will help students to understand the essential topics that need to be prepared effectively. They grasp the exam pattern before starting their preparation.

ICSE Class 10 Chemistry (Theory Paper) Exam Pattern

There is one paper of 2 hours duration of 80 marks and an Internal Assessment of practical work carrying 20 marks. The paper is divided into two sections: Section I (40 marks) and Section B (40 marks). Section I (compulsory) contains short answer questions on the entire syllabus. Section II contains six questions. Students are required to answer any four of these six questions.

ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Paper Pattern (2 Hrs)
Section I – Short compulsory questions worth 40 marks
Section II – 6 questions, out of which 4 are to be solved, worth 40 marks

ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Marking Scheme


Theory Paper Internal Assessment of Practical Work
Chemistry 80 Marks

20 Marks

Latest ICSE Syllabus for Class 10 Chemistry for the Year 2024

Now, after knowing the exam pattern and marking scheme, students can have a look at the detailed ICSE Syllabus for Class 10. This syllabus is taken from the official ICSE site. Here, students can find the topic name and sub-topics under it.

1. Periodic Properties and Variations of Properties – Physical and Chemical

(i) Periodic properties and their variations in groups and periods.

(ii) Periodicity on the basis of atomic number for elements.

2. Chemical Bonding

Electrovalent, covalent and co-ordinate bonding, structures of various compounds, Electron dot structure.

(a) Electrovalent Bonding

(b) Covalent Bonding

(c) Coordinate Bonding

3. Study of Acids, Bases and Salts

(i) Simple definitions in terms of the molecules and their characteristic properties.

(ii) Ions present in mineral acids, alkalis and salts and their solutions; use of litmus and pH paper to test for acidity and alkalinity.

(iii) Definition of salt; types of salts.

(iv) Action of dilute acids on salts.

(v) Methods of preparation of Normal salts with relevant equations. (Details of apparatus or procedures not required).

4. Analytical Chemistry

(i) Action of Ammonium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydroxide on solution of salts: colour of salt and its solution; formation and colour of hydroxide precipitated for solutions of salts of Ca, Fe, Cu, Zn and Pb; special action of ammonium hydroxide on solutions of copper salt and sodium hydroxide on ammonium salts.

(ii) Action of alkalis (NaOH, KOH) on certain metals, their oxides and hydroxides.

5. Mole Concept and Stoichiometry

(i) Gay Lussac’s Law of Combining Volumes; Avogadro’s Law.

(ii) Refer to the atomicity of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and chlorine (proof not required).

(iii) Vapour Density and its relation to relative molecular mass.

(iv) Mole and its relation to mass

(v) Simple calculations based on chemical equations

6. Electrolysis

(i) Electrolytes and non-electrolytes.

(ii) Substances containing molecules only, ions only, both molecules and ions.

(iii) Definition and explanation of electrolysis, electrolyte, electrode, anode, cathode, anion, cation, oxidation and reduction (on the basis of loss and gain of electrons).

(iv) An elementary study of the migration of ions, with reference to the factors influencing selective discharge of ions (reference should be made to the activity series as indicating the tendency of metals, e.g. Na, Mg, Fe, Cu, to form ions) illustrated by the electrolysis of:

  • Molten lead bromide
  • acidified water with platinum electrodes
  • Aqueous copper (II) sulphate with inert electrode, copper electrodes; electron transfer at the electrodes.

(v) Applications of electrolysis

7. Metallurgy

(i) Occurrence of metals in nature

(ii) Stages involved in the extraction of metals

(iii) Extraction of Aluminium

(iv) Alloys – composition and uses

8. Study of Compounds

A. Hydrogen Chloride

Hydrogen chloride: preparation of hydrogen chloride from sodium chloride; refer to the density and solubility of hydrogen chloride (fountain experiment); reaction with ammonia; acidic properties of its solution.

B. Ammonia

Ammonia: its laboratory preparation from ammonium chloride and collection; ammonia from nitrides like Mg3N2 and AlN and ammonium salts. Manufacture by Haber’s Process; density and solubility of ammonia (fountain experiment); aqueous solution of ammonia; its reactions with hydrogen chloride and with hot copper (II) oxide and chlorine; the burning of ammonia in oxygen; uses of ammonia.

C. Nitric Acid

Nitric Acid: one laboratory method of preparation of nitric acid from potassium nitrate or sodium nitrate. Large scale preparation. Nitric acid as an oxidizing agent.

D. Sulphuric Acid

Large scale preparation, its behaviour as an acid when dilute, as an oxidizing agent when concentrated – oxidation of carbon and sulphur; as a dehydrating agent – dehydration of sugar and copper (II) sulphate crystals; its non-volatile nature.

9. Organic Chemistry

(i) Introduction to Organic compounds

(ii) Structure and Isomerism

(iii) Homologous series – characteristics with examples

(iv) Simple nomenclature

(v) Hydrocarbons: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes.

Students should start their exam preparation by going through the ICSE Class 10 Syllabus of Chemistry, which provides all the necessary information. It is structured in such a way that students can analyse and understand which topic to emphasise more by going through it. They can also access the ICSE Class 10 Syllabus for all the subjects and plan their studies accordingly ahead of exams.

Stay tuned to BYJU’S to get the latest updates on ICSE and ISC exams, along with the exam syllabus, marking scheme of the exam, timetable and other exam-related details.


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