ICSE Class 6 Geography Syllabus

The ICSE Class 6 Syllabus of Geography connects students directly to their environment. The Geography Curriculum deals with the development of children’s understanding and appreciation of the world through continuous interaction and exploration of the natural and human environment. Here, students can find the detailed ICSE Class 6 Geography Syllabus. They can also download the ICSE Syllabus from the link provided below.

Download ICSE Class 6 Geography Syllabus PDF 2023-24

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Students can have a look at the core concepts of the Geography syllabus below.

Theme 1: Representation of Geographical Features

  1. Maps: introduction, difference between map, sketch, plan and globe.
  2. Importance of maps.
  3. Types of maps based on scale.
  4. Scale: meaning and uses.
  5. Direction: eight cardinal points.
  6. Symbols.
  7. Diagrams (with brief explanation): rivers, meander, anticline, syncline, tributaries, distributaries, delta, block mountain.

Theme 2: Landforms

  1. Types of landforms.
  2. Mountains and Valleys: processes of formation of mountains and valleys – endogenous and exogenous processes.
  3. Mountains:
    – Formation of Mountains, folding, meaning and characteristics of Young Fold Mountains, distribution of Young Fold Mountains in the world – Rockies, Andes, Alps, Great Dividing Range, Himalayas and Atlas Mountains; meaning and characteristics of Old Fold Mountains, distribution of old fold mountains in the world (Urals, Appalachians, Aravalis). Location on world map.
    – Faulting – meaning of faulting, formation and characteristics of Block mountains, distribution of Block mountains in the world (Black Forest, Vosges, Vindhyas)
    – Importance of mountains.
    – Volcanic mountains: formation and characteristics (Mount. Kilimanjaro in Africa and Mt. Fujiyama in Japan).
  4. Valleys: Formation and characteristics of rift Valley, distribution of rift valleys in the world – Rhine, Narmada, Nile
  5. Plateaus: formation and characteristics, types of plateaus, distribution in the world (The Deccan plateau in India, Tibet Plateau, The east African Plateaus in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda), rich in mineral deposits. Location on world map.
  6. Plains: formation and characteristics, types of plains, distribution of plains in the world (plains of North America, Gangetic plains of India). Location on world map.
  7. Landforms and people: Landforms – impact on the life of people. (comparison between life in the mountains and life in the plains)

Theme 3: Water Bodies

Oceans, Seas, Lakes and Rivers

  • Oceans – Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean and Southern Ocean; their characteristics and importance
  • Sea – distribution of marginal and inland seas (Bering sea, Caribbean Sea, North Sea, Black sea, Caspian Sea, Aral Sea, Arabian sea, Red sea and dead sea).
  • Lakes – distribution of major lakes in the world, their characteristics and importance (Baikal, Five Great lakes of the U.S.A, Lake Omega, Lake Titicaca, Lake Victoria and Chilka lake).
  • Rivers – distribution of major rivers in the world, their characteristics and importance, (Mackenzie, St Lawrence, Mississippi, Amazon, Nile, Rhine, Danube, Indus, Ganga, Yangtze, Huang Ho, Ob, Murray).
  • Causes of pollution of water bodies (in general).
  • Locating the above on the world map.

Theme 4: Agriculture

  • Introduction to different types of agricultural practices in the world.
  • Subsistence Farming
    • Intensive Farming
    • Extensive Farming
    • Shifting Cultivation
  • Food crops and cash crops: meaning with examples –wheat, rice, cotton, jute, sugarcane
  • Commercial farming: meaning with examples
    • Plantation Farming: meaning with examples (tea, coffee, rubber)
  • Locate major crop producing regions on the world map.
  • Green Revolution: A brief idea of how green revolution helped in agricultural development.

Theme 5: Minerals

  1. Minerals and Ores (meaning and examples).
  2. Types of minerals – metallic and non-metallic
    – Metallic: Iron ore, uranium, bauxite, manganese, gold, silver, copper
    – Non-Metallic: Lime stone, mica and mineral fuels (coal and petroleum) natural gas
  3. Lime stone, mica and mineral fuels (coal and petroleum) natural gas
  4. Types of mining
  5. Conservation of minerals.
  6. Location of above minerals on the world map.

Theme 6: Study of Continents: North America and South America

A brief idea of the formation of continents.
1) North America

  • Introduction
  • Location
  • Boundaries
  • Political divisions (countries and capitals)
  • Major Physical features
  • Locating the above on the map
  • Case Study: Lumbering in Canada

2) South America 

  • Introduction
  • Location
  • Boundaries
  • Political divisions (countries and capitals)
  • Major Physical features
  • Locating the above on the map
  • Case Study: Life in the Amazon river basin

We have compiled the syllabus of all the subjects of Class 6 ICSE. Students can access them by visiting the ICSE Class 6 Syllabus page at BYJU’S. Keep learning and stay tuned for further updates on ICSE/CBSE/State Board and other competitive exams.


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