The ICSE Class 7 Syllabus of Geography aims at encouraging students to appreciate the interdependence of individuals, groups and communities. It promotes a healthy respect for different types of cultures and ways of life of people around the world. The syllabus of ICSE Class 7 Geography brings about a focus on developing geographical skills that enable students to make informed judgments at local, national and international levels. Learning opportunities have been provided to help students understand how the geographical conditions of a place have affected the socio-political life of the people. Go through the detailed ICSE Syllabus and also download the pdf.
Students can have a look at the core concepts of the Geography syllabus below. The subtopics under these topics have been mentioned in detail in the pdf above.
Theme 1: Representation of Geographical Features
- Use of Colours on Topographical sheets Blue – Water body Red – Settlements Yellow – Agriculture Brown – High relief Green – Forests.
- Use of scales for measurement: types of scales (representative fraction, linear scale).
- Measuring distance on the map using scales (straight line, curved line).
- Conventional signs & symbols (based on topographical sheets of Survey of India).
Theme 2: Atmosphere
2. Composition of the Atmosphere
3. Structure of the Atmosphere (brief description of Troposphere, Stratosphere (ozone layer), Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Exosphere).
4. Green House Effect: meaning and causes.
5. Global warming:
– Causes of ozone depletion (Greenhouse gases, deforestation, burning of fossil fuels);
– Impact of global warming (Melting of Ice caps & sea level rise, changing patterns of distribution of precipitation and temperature, etc.)
6. Ways to reduce global warming (in general).
Theme 3: Weather and Climate
- Elements of Weather:
– Atmospheric pressure
– Precipitation (rain, dew, hail, snow)
– Cloud (different types)
- Difference between Weather and Climate.
- Weather Instruments:
– Rain gauge
– Anemometer and wind vane
- Isohytes and Isotherms -meaning and diagrams only.
Theme 4: Weathering and Soil formation
- Types of rocks (igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary): formation with examples;
- Weathering: meaning; factors affecting weathering;
- Types of weathering (mechanical, chemical, biological): brief explanation; soil formation as a result of weathering;
- Soil profile; importance of soil conservation, methods of soil conservation.
Theme 5: Industries
- Need for industries in the world.
- Types of industries: large scale, small scale, cottage industries; agro based industries.
- Factors related to establishment of an industry.
- Important industries of the world: Iron and Steel, Cotton Textile, Information Technology, Sugar Industry, ship building, fishing, automobile; important centres of these industries and their location on world map.
- Pollution due to industries and its prevention.
Theme 6: Energy and Power Resources
- Introduction: sources of energy; renewable and non-renewable energy resources;
- Renewable Energy Sources (Solar Power, Hydro-Power and Wind Power).
- Non-renewable Energy Sources (coal and petroleum).
- Hydroelectric projects: names of the major hydroelectric power projects in India with the names of the river and the state in which they are located. Locating on a map.
- Conservation of energy and power resources.
Theme 7: Study of Continents: Europe, Africa, Australia and Antarctica
1. Europe, Africa, Australia:
– Political divisions (countries with capitals)
– Major Physical features
– Locating the above on the map
2. Case Studies:
– Tourism in Switzerland (Europe)
– Cocoa cultivation in Ghana (Africa)
– Sheep rearing in Australia (or any other)
3. Antarctica – the uninhabited continent
– Human Void Zone
We have compiled the syllabus of all the subjects of Class 7 ICSE. Students can access them by visiting the ICSE Class 7 Syllabus page at BYJU’S. Keep learning and stay tuned for further updates on ICSE/CBSE/State Board and other competitive exams.