# Frank Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11 Matrices

Frank Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11 Matrices are available here. When students feel stressed about searching for the most comprehensive and detailed Frank Solutions for Class 10 Maths, we at BYJUâ€™S have prepared step by step solutions with detailed explanations. We advise students who want to score good marks in Maths, to go through these solutions and strengthen their knowledge

Chapter 11 – Matrices is defined as a set of numbers arranged in rows and columns so as to form a rectangular array. The numbers are called the elements, or entries, of the matrix. This chapter contains the topics related to classification of matrices, finding the unknown values in the matrices. So we suggest students to practice Frank Solutions for Class 10 Maths to get more marks in Maths.

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1. Classify the following matrices:

(i)

Solution:-

The order of the given matrix is, 3 Ã— 2.

Therefore, the given matrix is a rectangular matrix of 3 Ã— 2.

(ii)

Solution:-

The order of the given matrix is, 1 Ã— 2.

Therefore, the given matrix is a rectangular matrix of 1 Ã— 2.

(iii)

Solution:-

The order of the given matrix is, 2 Ã— 3.

Therefore, the given matrix is a rectangular matrix of 2 Ã— 3.

(iv)

Solution:-

The order of the given matrix is, 2 Ã— 2.

Therefore, the given matrix is a square matrix of 2 Ã— 2.

(v)

Solution:-

The order of the given matrix is, 3 Ã— 4.

Therefore, the given matrix is a rectangular matrix of 3 Ã— 4.

2. Find the values of a and b, if [2a + 3b a – b] = [19 2]

Solution:-

From the question,

2a + 3b = 19 â€¦ [equation (i)]

a â€“ b = 2 â€¦ [equation (ii)]

a = 2 + b

Now, substitute the value of a in equation (i),

2(2 + b) + 3b = 19

4 + 2b + 3b = 19

5b = 19 â€“ 4

5b = 15

b = 15/5

b = 3

Then, a = 2 + b

= 2 + 3

= 5

Therefore, the value of a is 5 and b is 3.

3. Find the values of x and y, if
=

Solution:-

Consider the given two matrices,

=

The given two matrices are rectangular matrices of 2 Ã— 1.

3x – y = 7 â€¦ [equation (i)]

x + y = 5 â€¦ [equation (ii)]

x = 5 – y

Now, substitute the value of x in equation (i),

3(5 – y) â€“ y = 7

15 â€“ 3y â€“ y = 7

15 â€“ 4y = 7

15 â€“ 7 = 4y

8 = 4y

y = 8/4

y = 2

Then, x + y = 5

x = 5 â€“ y

x = 5 â€“ 2

x = 3

Therefore, the value of x is 3 and y is 2.

4. Find the values of a, b, c and d, if
.

Solution:-

From the given matrices,

a + 3b = 5 â€¦ [equation (i)]

2a â€“ b = 3 â€¦ [equation (ii)]

b = 2a â€“ 3

Now, substitute the value of b in equation (i), we get

a + 3(2a – 3) = 5

a + 6a â€“ 9 = 5

By transposing,

7a = 5 + 9

7a = 14

a = 14/7

a = 2

Again substitute the value of a in equation (i),

2 + 3b = 5

3b = 5 â€“ 2

3b = 3

b = 3/3

b = 1

Then,

3c + d = 8 â€¦ [equation (iii)]

c â€“ 2d = 5 â€¦ [equation (iv)]

c = 5 + 2d

Now substitute the value of c in equation (iii),

3(5 + 2d) + d = 8

15 + 6d + d = 8

7d = 8 â€“ 15

7d = – 7

d = -7/7

d = -1

substitute the value of d in equation (iv),

c â€“ 2d = 5

c = 5 + 2d

c = 5 + 2(-1)

c = 5 â€“ 2

c = 3

Solution:-

Given two matrices are square matrices of 2 Ã— 2

6. If A = [4 7] and B = [3 1], find: (i) A + 2B (ii) A â€“B (iii) 2A â€“ 3B

Solution:-

From the question it is given that,

A = [4 7]1Ã— 2

B = [3 1]1Ã— 2

Then,

(i) A + 2B

2B = [3 Ã— 2 1 Ã— 2]

= [6 2]

So, A + 2B = [4 + 6 7 + 2]

= [10 9] 1Ã— 2

(ii) A – B

A – B = [4 – 3 7 + 1]

= [1 6] 1Ã— 2

(iii) 2A – 3B

2A= [4 Ã— 2 7 Ã— 2]

= [8 14]

3B = [3 Ã— 3 1 Ã— 3]

= [9 3]

So, 2A â€“ 3B = [8 – 9 14 – 3]

= [-1 11] 1Ã— 2

Solution:-

Given two matrices are square matrices of 2 Ã— 2

Then,

(i) 2P + 3Q

Solution:-

Given two matrices are rectangular matrices of 2 Ã— 3

Then,

Solution:-

Given two matrices are rectangular matrices of 3 Ã— 2

Then,

Solution:-

Given matrix is a rectangular matrix of 2 Ã— 3.

Then,

Transpose ofÂ aÂ matrixÂ by switching its rows with its columns

We cannot add them, because to add two matrices their corresponding number of rows and number of columns should be same. But in the above case B and Bt are not same.

Then,

5 + q = 9

q = 9 â€“ 5

q = 4

r + 4 = 7

r = 7 â€“ 4

r = 3

p + 3 = 5

p = 5 â€“ 3

p = 2

7 + s = 8

s = 8 â€“ 7

s = 1

Then,

4p = 12

p = 12/4

p = 3

6q = 6

q = 6/6

q = 1

8 + 2q = 2r

8 + 2(1) = 2r

8 + 2 = 2r

r = 10/2

r = 5

12 = 3s

s = 12/3

s = 4

Then,

2a + b = 4 â€¦ [equation (i)]

3a â€“ b = 6 â€¦ [equation (ii)]

Now we have to add both equation (i) and equation (ii) we get,

5a = 10

a = 10/5

a = 2

substitute the value of a in equation (i)we get,

2(2) + b = 4

4 + b = 4

b = 0

Then,

c = 3a

c = 3(2)

c = 6

d = 7