The CISCE designs the syllabus of ICSE Class 7 Biology in such a way that it has all the fundamental topics related to the subject. The syllabus is created in such a way that the students wouldn’t feel overburdened. According to subject specialists, the Biology Syllabus of Class 7 is very helpful for the students as they guide them by giving some vital information on the academic session and topics to learn. Students can use the link below to access the ICSE Syllabus for free.
Theme 1: Tissue
- Definition of tissue.
- Classification of plant tissues: Meristematic and permanent (simple and complex).
- Meristematic tissues: characteristics (any two), simple structure, location, function, examples.
- Simple permanent tissues: parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma (simple structure, location and functions of each), examples.
- Complex permanent tissues: xylem, phloem- function only. (Elements of xylem and phloem not to be mentioned).
- Epithelial tissue: simple location, and function (types of epithelial tissue not to be mentioned).
- Connective tissue location and functions of bone, cartilage, blood, ligament, tendon.
- Muscular tissue: location and one function of:
– striated (voluntary or skeletal muscle),
– unstriated (involuntary/ smooth muscle),
– cardiac (specialized muscle).
- Nerve tissue: parts of neuron (cell body, Dendron, axon).
Theme 2: Kingdom Classification
- Meaning and concept of classification
- Need and advantages of Classification
- Characteristics of each kingdom with suitable examples:
(i) Monera: bacteria – shape; useful bacteria, harmful bacteria (applications related to daily life to be discussed);
(ii) Protista: Amoeba – basic structure and life processes (nutrition, locomotion, respiration, excretion and reproduction – by binary and multiple fission);
(iii)Fungi: basic structure of mould, nutrition and respiration in mould, useful fungi, harmful fungi (applications related to daily life to be discussed);
(iv)Plantae: characteristics and examples (classification of plantae not to be discussed);
(b)Invertebrates: 9 major Phyla, Porifera, Cnidaria, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, nematoda, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata)
Theme 3: Plant Life
- Definition, basic process, factors affecting photosynthesis: (light, carbon dioxide, water, chlorophyll), significance of photosynthesis, setup.
- Experiment to demonstrate photosynthesis process.
- Basic process, word equation; respiration as a process which releases energy; respiration in plants: two types (aerobic and anaerobic: basic concept, word equations for both, examples).
- Respiration and photosynthesis in plants, difference in both processes.
Theme 4: Human Body
- Organs and their excretory products (kidneys, sweat glands, lungs);
- Renal Excretory System – kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra (location and functions to be explained along with diagram);
- Role of kidneys infiltration of blood through millions of nephrons (details not required, structure of nephron not to be discussed); common disorders of the urinary system: Urinary Tract Infection, kidney stone.
- Main parts: brain, spinal cord, nerves.
- Brain: cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla oblongata (location and function).
- Spinal cord: location and function.
- Nerves: what are nerves; their general function.
Theme 5: Health and Hygiene
- Concept of allergy.
- Allergens: Common allergens like dust, pollen grain, mites, strong sunlight, particular food items.
- Entry routes of allergens: mouth, nose, skin.
- Symptoms of allergic reaction.
- Types of allergies: seasonal and perennial with examples.
- Precautions and care to be taken by a person who is prone to allergies.
Students can access the ICSE Class 7 Syllabus for other subjects and perform well among their peers.