Science and technology is a topic included in the UPSC syllabus for the prelims exam. Although not as important as history, geography and polity in the prelims exam, its relevance cannot be diminished because of its interconnection with the area of current affairs. This article gives you a trend analysis of science and technology questions in the UPSC civil services prelims exam.
Science and Technology UPSC Prelims Questions
Science and technology can be divided into two sections: general science and technology questions. The former includes basic sciences that you learnt in school like Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The technology section overlaps with the current affairs section. Questions from this section are mostly asked linked to current affairs. For instance, any new relevant technology frequently in the news becomes important for the IAS exam. When you encounter such topics, you must look up the basic science behind that concept or technology. It is a potential question.
The LISA Pathfinder or eLISA, a mission by the European Space Agency was in the news. A question came based on that:
Q) What is the purpose of ‘evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (eLISA)’ project?
- To detect neutrinos
- To detect gravitational waves
- To detect the effectiveness of missile defence system
- To study the effect of solar flares on our communication systems
Check out the next question. This is also based on technology and comes under current affairs.
Q) Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Smart India Hackathon 2017?
- It is a centrally sponsored scheme for developing every city of our country into Smart Cities in a decade.
- It is an initiative to identify new digital technology innovations for solving the many problems faced by our country.
- It is a programme aimed at making all the financial transactions in our country completely digital in a decade.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
- 1 and 3 only
- 2 only
- 3 only
- 2 and 3 only
The approach has been to ask questions based on current affairs. Pure general science has diminished in value. The best approach is to scout for science and tech related news, especially those topics that are India-relevant.
We bring you a graph that highlights the number of questions asked from science and tech from 2011 to 2016.
As you can see the number of questions asked from this section is relatively low as compared to subjects like history and polity. However, you cannot ignore this section as many questions can be counted as current affairs also. It is true that general science has diminished in importance but technology and the basic science behind it is important from the UPSC point of view.
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