European Colonialism in India

Although Alexander the Great was the first European to invade India, it was Vasco da Gama’s landfall in Calicut in 1498 which sowed the seeds of colonialism in the Indian subcontinent.

Following the first Portuguese landings, other Europeans such as the English, the Dutch, French, Croatians, Austrians and the Danish would make forays into India in the following years. Of course the latter three did not play a significant role unlike the rest.

At first, the Europeans were first interested in trading, but a combination of local politics, rivalries among other European nations, and better economic prospects made them switch to full-time imperialism.

It was the English that overcame their European rivals to establish a colonial empire in India. Known as the ‘Jewel in the Crown’, the Indian subcontinent was one of the prized possessions for the British colonials.

The dark shadow of British imperialism would come to an end in August 1947 while the last vestiges of colonialism would end with the liberation of Goa from Portuguese control in 1961.

This article will provide notes on European colonialism and how they shaped modern Indian history within the context of the IAS Exam.

Notes on Advent of Europeans in India

First, learn about the different Europeans Colonialism in India from the links below:

Portuguese Colonialism Dutch Colonialism
British Colonialism French Colonialism

Next, read about the major events that took place/personalities associated with the phase of the advent of Europeans in India:

Advent of European Colonialism in India

First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War
Third Anglo-Maratha War First & Second Anglo-Mysore Wars
NCERT Notes on Third & Fourth Anglo-Mysore Wars First Carnatic War
Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War
Siege of Arcot Viceroys of India
Battle of Plassey Battle of Pollilur
Battle of Buxar Battle of Porto Novo
Robert Clive First Anglo-Sikh War
Battle of Colachel Second Anglo-Sikh War
Battle of Diu (1509) Siege of Diu (1538)
Liberation of Goa British Empire
Rowlatt Act Regulating Act of 1773
India Independence Act, 1947 Revolt of 1857
Social causes for revolt of 1857 Subsidiary Alliance
Doctrine of lapse Vellore Mutiny
Impact of the revolt of 1857, Paika Rebellion
Tribal Uprising Government of India Act, 1858
Government of India Act, 1935 Mahalwari settlement in Central India & Ryotwari settlement in southern India
Rise of Mahatma Gandhi in Indian Freedom Struggle Legislation in British India
Salt Satyagraha – Causes and Effect of Dandi March Non-Cooperation Movement – Facts, Causes, Significance, Suspension

Aspirants can find complete information about upcoming Government Exams through the linked article. More exam-related preparation materials will be found through the links given below

Related Links

UPSC Mains History Questions NCERT Ancient History Notes for UPSC
UPSC History Syllabus NCERT Modern History Notes for UPSC
Topic-wise GS 1 Questions for UPSC Mains Current Affairs Quiz
UPSC Syllabus Modern History Questions in UPSC Prelims


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