India After Independence Timeline: Notes for UPSC History

Recently we have celebrated the 70th Indian independence day. The history of Indian is an important topic in UPSC IAS Exam. UPSC IAS exam is all about hard work and smart study. If you have the right strategy, you can easily crack this exam easily. India marks 70 years of independence on August 15, celebrating the end of British colonial rule in 1947.

To spice up your UPSC prelims preparation we would like to give some easy capsule for retention. Here we are giving a timeline of Indian after independence. Modern history is an important topic in the Prelims exam. This timeline will help you to study polity, history and some economic aspects as well.

India After Independence Timeline (1947-2020)

A list of important events that happened in India post-independence is given in brief in the table below:

Major Events in India After Independence (1947 – 2020)

1947 India became an independent nation
1947 Integration of princely states | Jawaharlal Nehru- first Prime Minister of Independent India
1948 The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi | India Pakistan war on Kashmir territory

The new constitution is adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly.

1950 India becomes a Republic | The Constitution of India comes into force


1951 First amendment | First five-year plan
1952 First general election | Panchayati Raj
1954 Indo-Chinese Panchsheel Treaty

The Imperial Bank of India transformed into the State Bank of India.

1958 Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act is passed
1961 Indian troops annexed the Portuguese territories of Goa, Daman, and Diu
1962 The Sino-Indian war breaks out. It ends in a decisive victory over China
1965 India – Pakistan war breaks out. The war ends in a stalemate with both sides claiming victory | Hindi becomes the official language of India
1966 Tashkent conference
1969 Nationalization of Banks
1971 India-Pakistan war and the liberation of Bangladesh | Simla Agreement Signed on July 2nd
1973 1st international telephone exchange in India

First nuclear test at Pokhran

1975 State of emergency | Launch of India’s first satellite, Aryabhatta

20 point program

1984 The assassination of Indira Gandhi | Bhopal gas tragedy
1988 Securities Exchange Board of India was established


1991 Economic reforms | Devaluation
1999 Kargil war. Decisive Indian Armed Forces victory
2000 Creation of new states of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Uttranchal
2001 Earthquake strikes Gujarat leading to massive casualties

Gujarat riots

2004 Launches an application for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council
2004 Tsunami causes massive devastation around the Southern and Eastern coasts of India
2006 US and India sign a nuclear agreement
2007 First women President-Pratibha Patil

Moon mission-Chandrayaan-1 launched on October 22

2013 Mars Orbiter Mission
2015 India and Bangladesh sign a historic deal | First space laboratory Astrosat
2016 India- France to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets| India becomes a member of MCTR
2017 Goods and Service Tax implemented
2018 Heavy rainfall causes a massive flood in the state of Kerala. It is the worst flood to hit the state in a century
2019 The scrapping of Article 370 and 35A, which granted special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
2020 The Government of India announced a total lockdown of the country on March 25th following a surge in Covid-19 cases in the preceding weeks. The World Health Organisation (WHO) declaring Covid-19 as a global pandemic was also one of the factors behind the decision to impose a country-wide lockdown

India After Independence: UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Aspirants can become familiar with the general pattern of the IAS exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page. For more preparation materials they can refer to the links given in the table below:

Related Links

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *