India After Independence Timeline: Notes for UPSC History

Recently we have celebrated the 70th Indian independence day. The history of Indian is an important topic in UPSC IAS Exam. UPSC IAS exam is all about hard work and smart study. If you have the right strategy, you can easily crack this exam easily. India marks 70 years of independence on August 15, celebrating the end of British colonial rule in 1947.

To spice up your UPSC prelims preparation we would like to give some easy capsule for retention. Here we are giving a timeline of Indian after independence. Modern history is an important topic in the Prelims exam. This timeline will help you to study polity, history and some economic aspects as well.

India After Independence Timeline (1947-2020)

A list of important events that happened in India post-independence is given in brief in the table below:

Major Events in India After Independence (1947 – 2020)

1947 India became an independent nation
1947 Integration of princely states | Jawaharlal Nehru- first Prime Minister of Independent India
1948 The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi | India Pakistan war on Kashmir territory
1949  The new constitution is adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly.
1950 India becomes a Republic | The Constitution of India comes into force
1951 First amendment | First five-year plan. Read more on Economic Planning in India and Important Amendments in the Indian Constitution on the given links.
1952 First general election | Panchayati Raj
1954 Indo-Chinese Panchsheel Treaty
1955  The Imperial Bank of India transformed into the State Bank of India. Check out the History of Banking in India here. 
1958 Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act is passed. Read in detail about Armed Forces Special Powers Act – AFSPA
1961 Indian troops annexed the Portuguese territories of Goa, Daman, and Diu. Read, Goa Was Annexed on December 18, 1961, on the linked page.
1962 The Sino-Indian war breaks out. It ends in a decisive victory over China
1965 India – Pakistan war breaks out. The war ends in a stalemate with both sides claiming victory | Hindi becomes the official language of India. Check out the following links with reference to this point – 

  1. Adoption of Hindi – Background
  2. 10 interesting Facts about Hindi Language
  3. India -Pakistan Relations
  4. Second Indo – Pak War
1966 Tashkent conference
1969 Nationalization of Banks. Check out the Types of Banks in India, their category, and Functions on the linked page. 
1971 India-Pakistan war and the liberation of Bangladesh | Simla Agreement Signed on July 2nd
1973 1st international telephone exchange in India
1974  First nuclear test at Pokhran. Important links related to Pokhran Nuclear Test is given below – 

  1. “Smiling Buddha” – Pokhran I Nuclear Test
  2. Pokhran II: Origins, Events and Aftermath
1975 State of emergency | Launch of India’s first satellite, Aryabhatta. Read about India’s First Indigenously built satellite- Aryabhatta here.  Also, check out the list of Indian Satellites (1975 – 2021) on the linked page.
1980  20 point program
1984 The assassination of Indira Gandhi | Bhopal gas tragedy
1988 Securities Exchange Board of India was established
1991 Economic reforms | Devaluation. Read about Undervaluation of Currency on the given link. 
1999 Kargil war. Decisive Indian Armed Forces victory. Go through the following links for further information – 

  1. Kargil War Background
  2. India’s Victory in Kargil War
2000 Creation of new states of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Uttranchal. Check out the Union and Its Territories  and  Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council (JAAC) on the given links. 
2001 Earthquake strikes Gujarat leading to massive casualties
2002  Gujarat riots
2004 Launches an application for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council
2004 Tsunami causes massive devastation around the Southern and Eastern coasts of India. Read more on Coastal Plains in India on the link provided. 
2006 US and India sign a nuclear agreement. Refer the following links for further details –

  1. Indo-US Civil Nuclear Deal
  2. The 123 Agreement between India and the US
  3. India – United States Relations
2007 First women President-Pratibha Patil. Check out the list of India Presidents (1951 to 2021)  and President of India (Article 52 – 62) on the linked page. 
2008  Moon mission-Chandrayaan-1 launched on October 22. Also read about Chandrayaan 2 Mission on the given link. 
2013 Mars Orbiter Mission
2015 India and Bangladesh sign a historic deal | First space laboratory Astrosat. Check out the relevant links related to mentioned points – 

  1. India – Bangladesh Relations
  2. Astrosat – ISRO | India’s First Multi Wavelength Space
2016 India- France to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets| India becomes a member of MCTR. Go through the relevant links below – 

  1. India – France Relation
  2. Dassault Rafale Fighter Jet
  3. Tejas, Rafale, Sukhoi-30 – Fighter Aircrafts
  4. Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
2017 Goods and Service Tax implemented
2018 Heavy rainfall causes a massive flood in the state of Kerala. It is the worst flood to hit the state in a century. Visit the important links for preparation – 

  1. What are Floods?
  2. Floods in India – Causes, Economic Loss, Measures
  3. Flood Control and Management
2019 The scrapping of Article 370 and 35A, which granted special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
2020 The Government of India announced a total lockdown of the country on March 25th following a surge in Covid-19 cases in the preceding weeks. The World Health Organisation (WHO) declaring Covid-19 as a global pandemic was also one of the factors behind the decision to impose a country-wide lockdown

India After Independence: UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Candidates can check out the relevant links given below to prepare for the upcoming UPSC exam comprehensively-

Aspirants can become familiar with the general pattern of the IAS exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page. For more preparation materials they can refer to the links given in the table below:

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