Amniocentesis Questions With Answers

A medical procedure used in the prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities, sex determination and fetal infections is known as Amniocentesis. It is a diagnostic procedure undergone during pregnancy, typically to check the baby’s chromosomal setup. Occasionally, the test is performed to examine for other pregnancy infections/diseases or genetic disorders. The sample for the test is the fluid surrounding the amniotic fluid containing foetal cells and other substances such as alpha foetal protein.

1. Amniocentesis, alpha-fetoprotein sampling and chorionic villi sampling are done to determine

(a) The most likely date of birth of the foetus

(b) Whether or not the baby will be normal or abnormal

(c) Whether or not the mother has a genetic abnormality

(d) A and B

Answer: (b)

2. Amniocentesis cannot be used to determine which one of these?

(a) Chromosome analysis

(b) Detecting genetic defects

(c) Maturity of fetal lungs

(d) None of these

Answer: (d)

3. Amniocentesis involves the sampling of

(a) the amnion

(b) the placenta

(c) liquid surrunding the immediate fetus

(d) All of the above

Answer: (c)

4. Results of the Amniocentesis tests can usually take up to _______ to come back from the laboratory

(a) 1 day or less

(b) 1-2 days

(c) 1-2 weeks

(d) 3-4 weeks

Answer: (d)

5. Typically, amniocentesis is not done before the _________ week after conception

(a) 4th-5th

(b) 6th-8th

(c) 10th-12th

(d) 15th-16th

Answer: (d)

6. One of these procedures has the least risk for an unborn child

(a) Chorionic villi sampling

(b) Amniocentesis

(c) Alpha-feto protein sampling

(d) All have the same risk level

Answer: (c)

7. The amniocentesis test can be used to determine whether or not an unborn child will

(a) Be obese

(b) Have Diabetes

(c) Have Down’s syndrome

(d) All of these

Answer: (c)

8. Chorion is a/an :

(a) Membrane developing around an embryo, contributing to the formation of the

placenta

(b) Sack within a pregnant woman’s uterus containing the amniotic fluid surrounding the

fetus

(c) Organ in the uterus connected to the fetus by the umbilical cord

(d) None of these

Answer: (a)

9. This procedure involves inserting a small flexible plastic tube through the vagina into the uterus

(a) Alpha-feto protein screeing

(b) Amniocentesis

(c) Chlorionic villi sampling

(d) None of the above

Answer: (c)

10. AFP screening can produce incorrect results indicating a fetus has genetic defects if:

(a) the mother is anaemic

(b) the mother has Rh-negative blood

(c) The date of conception has been miscalculated

(d) All the above

Answer: (b)

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