MCQs on Hydrocarbons for NEET

Group of compounds containing hydrogen and carbon are known as hydrocarbons. They may be straight-chain, branched or cyclic compounds. Hydrocarbons naturally occur in coal, natural gas and many polymers like polystyrene, polythene, etc. When a compound has all the C-C single bonds it is known as saturated hydrocarbon (alkanes) and when double or triple bonds are present between C-C, it is known as an unsaturated hydrocarbon (alkene, alkyne). Various other functional groups (halide, hydroxyl, aldehyde, carboxylic, etc.) may be attached to the carbon in hydrocarbons.

1. Find the correct order of increasing acidity

MCQs on Hydrocarbons 1

2. Identify Z in the given reaction:

MCQs on Hydrocarbons 2

3. The product obtained on heating potassium ethoxide in ethanol is

(a) 1-pentene

(b) 2-cis-pentene

(c) trans-2-pentene

(d) 2-ethoxy pentane

Answer: (c)

4. Choose the process by which liquid hydrocarbons can be converted to gaseous hydrocarbons

(a) hydrolysis

(b) oxidation

(c) cracking

(d) distillation under reduced pressure

Answer: (c)

5. Find the structure of a compound C6H10, which decolourises Br in CCl4 and gives an insoluble salt on reacting with Ag+. It gives 2-methyl pentane on treatment with an excess of hydrogen in the presence of Ni as a catalyst

MCQs on Hydrocarbons 5

6. Find the compound among these with the shortest C-C single bond
MCQs on Hydrocarbons 23

MCQs on Hydrocarbons 6

7. Which among the following reagent can be used to distinguish between CH2BrCH=CH2 from CH3CH=CHBr

(a) Br2/CCl4

(b) cold KMnO4

(c) AgNO3/C2H5OH

(d) Ag(NH3)2OH

Answer: (c)

8. Isopropyl iodide is formed after reaction of propene with HI, this is due to

(a) more stable free radical

(b) homolysis

(c) more stable carbanion

(d) more stable carbocation

Answer: (d)

9. C6H5CHO is formed when C6H6 is treated with CO and HCl in the presence of anhydrous AlCl3. Name of the reaction is:

(a) Friedel crafts reaction

(b) Gatterman Koch reaction

(c) Rosenmund reaction

(d) Stephen reaction

Answer: (b)

10. A compound having bond angle 180° is

(a) alkyne

(b) alkane

(c) alkene

(d) cycloalkane

Answer: (a)


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