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JEE Advanced Maths Area Under the Curves Previous Year Questions with Solutions

Area under the curves JEE Advanced previous year questions with solutions are given on this page. These solutions are designed by our team of experts. The area under a curve between two points is calculated by doing a definite integral between the two points. Students can expect questions from this topic for any entrance exam. So, students are advised to revise these solutions so that they can easily crack the JEE Advanced exam.

Question 1: Area of the region bounded by the curve y = ex and lines x = 0 and y = e is

(a) e-1

(b) 1

(c) e – ∫01ex dx

(d) ∫1e ln y dy

Answer: b, c, d

Solution:

JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q1

Required area is A = ∫1e ln y dy = e – ∫01 ex dx

= e – (ex)01

= e – (e-1)

= 1

Hence option b, c, d are correct.

Question 2: A farmer F1 has a land in the shape of a triangle with vertices at P(0, 0), Q(1, 1) and R(2, 0). From this land, a neighbouring farmer F2 takes away the region which lies between the side PQ and a curve of the form y = xn (n > 1). If the area of the region taken away by the farmer F2 is exactly 30% of the area of ΔPQR, then the value of n is

Answer: 4

Solution:

JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q2

Area of ΔPQR = ½ bh = ½ × 2×1

= 1 unit

Given that area of the region taken away by the farmer F2 is exactly 30% of the area of ΔPQR.

So area taken away by F1 = 0.3

So ∫01 (x-xn)dx = 0.3

=> [x2/2 – xn+1/n+1)]01 = 0.3

=> [½ – 1/(n+1) = 0.3

=> 0.2 = 1/(n+1)

=> 2n+2 = 10

=> 2n = 8

=> n = 4

Question 3: If the line x = α divides the area of region R = {(x, y) ∈ R2, x3 ≤ y ≤ x, 0 ≤ x ≤ 1} into two equal parts, then

(a) ½ < α < 1

(b) α4 + 4α2 – 1 = 0

(c) 0 < α ≤ ½

(d) 2α4 – 4 α2 + 1 = 0

Answer: a, d

Solution:

JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q3

Required area is the area of the shaded portion.

A = ∫01 (x-x3) dx

= [x2/2 – x4/4]01

= ½ – ¼

= 1/4

Given that line x = α divides the area in 2 equal parts,

Area (OPQ) = A/2 = 1/8

A/2 = ∫0α (x-x3) dx

= [x2/2 – x4/4]0α

=> (α2/2) – (α4/4) = ⅛

=> 2α4 – 4α2 + 1 = 0

=> (α2-1)2 = 1/2

=> α2 = (√2-1)/√2

=> ½ < α < 1

Hence option a and d are correct.

Question 4: The area (in sq.units) of the region {(x, y): 0 ≤ y ≤ x2+1, 0≤y≤x+1, ½ ≤ x≤ 2} is

(a) 23/16

(b) 79/24

(c) 79/16

(d) 23/6

Answer: b

Solution:

JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q4

Required area = ∫1/21 (x2+1) dx + ∫12 (x+1) dx

= [x3/3 + x]11/2 + [x2/2 + x]12

= [4/3 – 13/24] + 5/2

= (32 – 13 + 60)/24

= 79/24

Hence option b is the answer.

Question 5: Let the functions f: R→ R and g: R→ R be defined by f(x) = ex-1 – e-|x-1| and g(x) = ½ (ex-1 + e1-x). Then the area of the region in the first quadrant bounded by the curves y = f(x), y = g(x) and x = 0 is

(a) (2 – √3) + ½ (e – e-1)

(b) (2 + √3) + ½ (e – e-1)

(c) (2 – √3) + ½ (e + e-1)

(d) (2 +√3) + ½ (e + e-1)

Answer: a

Solution:

Given that f(x) = ex-1 – e-|x-1|

So

\(\begin{array}{l}f(x)= \left\{\begin{matrix} 0 & x\leq 1\\ e^{x-1}-e^{1-x}& x\geq 1 \end{matrix}\right.\end{array} \)

g(x) = ½ (ex-1 + e1-x)

If f(x) = g(x)

=> ex-1 – e-(x-1) = (ex-1+e1-x)/2

=> e2(x-1) = 3

=> x = ½ ln 3 + 1

=> x = 1+ ln √3

JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q5

Bounded area = ∫0(1/2)ln3 + 1g(x) dx – ∫1(1/2)ln3 + 1f(x) dx

= ½ [ex-1 – e1-x]o(1/2)ln3 + 1 – [ex-1+e1-x]1(1/2)ln3 + 1

= (2 – √3) + ½ (e – e-1)

Hence option a is the answer.

Question 6: If the area (in sq.units) bounded by the parabola y2 = 4λx and the line y = λx, λ >0 is 1/9, then λ is equal to

(a) 2√6

(b) 48

(c) 24

(d) 4√3

Answer: c

Solution:

Given parabola y2 = 4λx

And line y = λx
JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q6Putting y = λ in y2 = 4λx,

x = 0, 4/λ

Area = ∫04/λ (√(4λx) – λx) dx = 1/9

=> 2√λ (x3/2/3/2)04/λ – λ(x2/2)04/λ = 1/9

Solving we get λ = 24

Hence option c is the answer.

Question 7: The area (in sq.units) of the region bounded by the curves y = 2x and y = |x+1|, in the first quadrant is

(a) loge 2 + (3/2)

(b) 3/2

(c) 1/2

(d) (3/2) – 1/loge2

Answer: d

Solution:

JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q7

Area = ∫01 ((x+1) – 2x)dx

= [x2/2 + x – 2x/ln 2]01

= (½ + 1 – 2/ln 2) – (-1/ln 2)

= (3/2) – 1/ln 2

Hence option d is the answer.

Question 8: The area (in sq.units) of the region A = {(x, y): y2/2 ≤ x ≤ y+4} is

(a) 53/3

(b) 30

(c) 16

(d) 18

Answer: d

Solution:

JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q8

Given A = {(x, y): y2/2 ≤ x ≤ y+4}

Hence area = ∫-24 x dy

= ∫-24 (y+4- (y2/2)) dy

= [(y2/2) + 4y – y3/6]-24

= (8 + 16 – 64/6) -(2 – 8 + 8/6)

= 108/6

= 18

Hence option d is the answer.

Question 9: The area (in sq.units) of the region bounded by the parabola, y = x2 + 2 and the lines, y = x+1, x = 0, and x = 3 is

(a) 15/4

(b) 21/2

(c) 17/4

(d) 15/2

Answer: d

Solution:

JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q9

Area of the bounded region = ∫03 [(x2+2) – (x+1)] dx

= [x3/3 – x2/2 + x]30

= 9 – 9/2 + 3

= 15/2

Hence option d is the answer.

Question 10: The area of the region {(x, y): xy ≤8, 1≤y≤x2} is

(a) 8 loge2 – 14/3

(b) 16 loge2 – 14/3

(c) 8 loge2 – 7/3

(d) 16 loge2 – 6

Answer: b

Solution:

JEE Advanced Chapter Wise Solution Area Under Curves Q10

Given xy ≤ 8, 1 ≤ y ≤ x2

Intersection points of xy = 8 and y = 1 is (8, 1): xy = 8 and y = x2 is (2, 4) and y = x2 and y = 1 is (1, 1).

Required area = ∫12 x2 dx + ∫28 (8/x) dx – ∫18 dx

= [x3/3]12 + [8 ln x]28 – [x]18

= (8/3) – (⅓) + 8 ln 8 – 8 ln 2 – (8-1)

= (7/3) + 24 ln 2 – 8 ln 2 – 7

= 16 ln 2 – 14/3

Hence option b is the answer.

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