Going through the JEE Advanced 2021 Chemistry questions and solutions will allow students to further develop better problem-solving and time management skills. Additionally, they will be able to study more productively for the upcoming entrance exam. Students can access the JEE Advanced 2021 Paper 1 Chemistry question paper and solution PDFs below. We have also provided paper analysis videos which students can watch and learn more about the question types, weightage of marks, important concepts and more.

**Question 1. The major product formed in the following reaction is:**

**Answer: (b)**

It is a case of Birch reduction. Alkynes on reaction with alkali metal in liq. NH_{3} gives trans-alkene. But terminal alkynes do not get reduced.

**Question 2. Among the following, the conformation that corresponds to the most stable conformation of meso-butane-2,3-diol is;**

**Answer: (b)**

Meso compounds have a plane of symmetry. In case of butan-2, 3-diol, gauche form is the most stable due to intramolecular H-bonding.

**Question 3. For the given close-packed structure of a salt made of cation X and anion Y shown below (ions of only one face are shown for clarity), the packing fraction is approximately (packing fraction = packing efficiency / 100)**

**a. 0.74**

**b. 0.63**

**c. 0.52**

**d. 0.48**

**Answer: (b)**

a = edge length of unit cell

2r_{y} = a

2 (r_{x} – r_{y}) = √2a

2r_{x} + a = √2a

2r_{x} = a (√2a – 1)

r_{x} = 0.207 a

Packing fraction = 3 × vol. of x + vol. of y / vol. of unit cell

**Question 4. The calculated spin only magnetic moments of [Cr(NH _{3})6]^{3+} and [CuF6]^{3–} in BM, respectively, are (Atomic numbers of Cr and Cu are 24 and 29, respectively).**

**a. 3.87 and 2.84 **

**b. 4.90 and 1.73**

**c. 3.87 and 1.73 **

**d. 4.90 and 2.84**

**Answer: (a)**

_{3})

_{6}]

^{3+}= Cr

^{3+}

Cr^{3+} = 3d^{3} 4s^{0}

It has 3 unpaired electrons

μ = n √(n+2) BM

μ = 3 √(3+2) BM

μ = 3.87 BM

[CuF_{6}]

^{3-}= Cu

^{+3}

Cu^{+3 }= 3d^{8} 4s^{0}

It has 2 unpaired electrons

μ = 2 √(2+2) BM

= 2.84 BM

**Question Stem for Question 5 and 6: **

**For the following reaction scheme, percentage yields are given along the arrow:**

**x g and y g are the masses of R and U, respectively. (Use: Molar mass (in g mol ^{–1}) of H, C and O as 1, 12 and 16, respectively)**

**Question 5. The value of x is______.**

**Answer: (1.62)**

**Question 6. The value of y is ______.**

**Answer: (3.20)**

Solution for both Questions 5 and 6

4 g of C3H4 = 0.1 mol

From 0.1 mol of P, 0.01 mol of R will be produced

⇒ 1.62 g of R is produced

From 0.1 mol of P, 0.032 mol of U is produced

= 3.2 g of U is produced

**Question statement for Questions 7 and 8.**

**For the reaction, X(s) ⇌ Y(s) + Z(g), the plot of **

**\(\begin{array}{l}In\frac{p_{z}}{p^{\varnothing}}\end{array} \)**

**Versus 10\(\begin{array}{l}p^{\varnothing}\end{array} \) = 1 bar.**

^{4}/ T is given below (in solid line), where p_{z}is the pressure (in bar) of the gas Z at temperature T and**(Given, **

**\(\begin{array}{l}\frac{d(In\:K)}{d\left (\frac{1}{T} \right)} = -\frac{\Delta H^{\varnothing }}{R}\end{array} \)**

**, where the equilibrium constant\(\begin{array}{l}K = \frac{p_{z}}{p^{\varnothing}}\end{array} \)and the gas constant, R = 8.314 J K–1 mol–1)**

**Question 7. The value of standard enthalpy, **

**\(\begin{array}{l}ΔH^{\varnothing}\end{array} \)**

**(in kJ mol–1) for the given reaction is ______.**

**Answer: (166.28)**

⇒ ΔHº = 2 × 10^{4} × 8.314 J

ΔHº = 166.28 kJ mol^{-1}

**Question 8. The value of **

**\(\begin{array}{l}ΔS^{\varnothing}\end{array} \)**

**(in J K–1 mol–1) for the given reaction, at 1000 K is ____.**

**Answer: (141.34)**

–RTln K = ΔGº = ΔHº – TΔSº

Ink = Hº / RT + Sº / R

ΔSº / R = 17

ΔSº = 17R

= 141.338 J K^{-1}

**Question Stem for Questions 9 and 10.**

**The boiling point of water in a 0.1 molal silver nitrate solution (solution A) is x ºC. To this solution A, an equal volume of 0.1 molal aqueous barium chloride solution is added to make a new solution B. The difference in the boiling points of water in the two solutions A and B is y × 10 ^{-2} ºC.**

**(Assume: Densities of the solutions A and B are the same as that of water and the soluble salts dissociate completely. Use: Molal elevation constant (Ebullioscopic constant), Kb = 0.5 K kg mol ^{-1}; Boiling point of pure water as 100ºC.)**

**Question 9. The value of x is ______.**

**Answer: (100.1)**

**Question 10. The value of |y| is ______.**

**Answer: (2.5)**

Given molality of AgNO_{3} solution is 0.1 molal (solution-A)

ΔT_{b} = ik_{b} m

AgNO_{3} → Ag^{+} + NO_{3} –

van’t Hoff factor (i) for AgNO_{3} = 2

ΔT_{b} = 2 × 0.5 × 0.1

(T_{s} – Tº) = 0.1

(T_{s})_{A} = 100.1ºC, so x = 100.1

Now solution – A of equal volume is mixed with 0.1 molal BaCl_{2} solution to get solution-B. AgNO_{3} reacts with BaCl_{2} to form AgCl(s).

0.1 mole of AgNO_{3} present in 1000 gram solvent or 1017 gram or 1017 mL solution,

milli moles of AgNO_{3} in V ml 0.1 molal solution is nearly 0.1 V. Similarly in BaCl_{2}.

2AgNO_{3}(aq) + BaCl_{2}(aq) → 2AgCl(s) + Ba(NO_{3})_{2} (aq)

So x = 100.1 and |y| = 2.5

**Question 11. Given:**

**The compound(s), which on reaction with HNO _{3} will give the product having a degree of rotation, [α]D = –52.7º is(are);**

**Answer: (c, d)**

**The enantiomer of (P) will have –52.7º rotation. So the reactant must be an isomer of D-glucose which can given the mirror image of (P)**

**Question 12. The reaction of Q with PhSNa yields an organic compound (major product) that gives a positive Carius test on treatment with Na _{2}O_{2} followed by the addition of BaCl_{2}. The correct option(s) for Q is(are).**

**Answer: (a, d)**

The answer should be (a) and (d)

Compounds given in options – b and c do not react with PhSNa.

**Question 13. The correct statement(s) related to colloids is(are)**

**a. The process of precipitating colloidal sol by an electrolyte is called peptization**

**b. Colloidal solution freezes at a higher temperature than the true solution at the same concentration**

**c. Surfactants form micelle above critical micelle concentration (CMC). CMC depends on temperature**

**d. Micelles are macromolecular colloids**

**Answer: (b, c)**

(a) The process of precipitating colloidal sol by an electrolyte is called peptization – False, (It is a process of converting precipitate into colloid)

(b) Colloidal solution freezes at a higher temperature than the true solution at the same concentration – True (colligative properties)

(c) Surfactants form micelles above critical micelle concentration (CMC). CMC depends on temperature – True

(d) Micelles are macromolecular colloids – False, As micelles are associated colloids.

**Question 14. An ideal gas undergoes a reversible isothermal expansion from the state I to state II followed by a reversible adiabatic expansion from state II to state III. The correct plot(s) representing the changes from the state I to state III is(are) (p: pressure, V: volume, T: temperature, H: enthalpy, S: entropy)**

**Answer: (a, b, d)**

I → II → reversible, isothermal expansion,

T → constant, ΔV → +ve, ΔS → +ve ΔH ⇒ 0

II → III → Reversible, adiabatic expansion

Q = 0, ΔV → +ve, ΔS → 0

**Question 15. The correct statement(s) related to the metal extraction processes is(are);**

**a. A mixture of PbS and PbO undergoes self-reduction to produce Pb and SO _{2}.**

**b. In the extraction process of copper from copper pyrites, silica is added to produce copper silicate.**

**c. Partial oxidation of sulphide ore of copper by roasting, followed by self-reduction produces blister copper.**

**d. In the cyanide process, zinc powder is utilized to precipitate gold from Na[Au(CN)**

_{2}].**Answer: (a, c, d)**

PbS + 2PbO →3Pb + SO_{2}

Self-reduction is taking place between PbS and PbO.

In the Bessemer converter: The raw material for the Bessemer converter is matte, i.e., Cu_{2}S + FeS (little). Here air blasting is initially done for slag formation and SiO_{2} is added from an external source.

FeS + 3/2 O_{2} → FeO + SO_{2} ↑

SiO_{2} + FeO → FeSiO_{3} (slag)

During slag formation, the characteristic green flame is observed at the mouth of the Bessemer converter which indicates the presence of iron in the form of FeO. The disappearance of this green flame indicates that the slag formation is complete. Then air blasting is stopped and slag is removed.

Again air blasting is restarted for partial roasting before self-reduction until two-thirds of Cu_{2}S is converted into Cu_{2}O. After this, only heating is continued for the self-reduction process.

Cu_{2}S + 3/2 O_{2} → Cu_{2}O + SO_{2} ↑

Cu_{2}S + 2Cu_{2}O → 6Cu(l) + SO_{2} ↑ (self reduction)

and

Cu_{2}S + 2O_{2} →Cu_{2}SO_{4}

Cu_{2}S + Cu_{2}SO_{4} → 4Cu + 2SO_{2} ↑ (self reduction)

Thus the molten Cu obtained is poured into a large container and allowed to cool and during cooling the dissolved SO_{2} comes up to the surface and forms blisters. It is known as blister copper.

2Na[Au(CN)_{2} ] + Zn → Na_{2}[Zn(CN)_{4}] + 2Au ↓

**Question 16. A mixture of two salts is used to prepare a solution S, which gives the following results:**

**The correct option(s) for the salt mixture is(are)**

**a. Pb(NO _{3})_{2} and Zn(NO_{3})_{2}**

**b. Pb(NO**

_{3})_{2}and Bi(NO_{3})_{2}**c. AgNO**

_{3}and Bi(NO_{3})_{3}**d. Pb(NO**

_{3})_{2}and Hg(NO_{3})_{2}**Answer: (a, b)**

**Question 17. The maximum number of possible isomers (including stereoisomers) which may be formed on mono-bromination of 1-methylcyclohex-1-ene using Br _{2} and UV light is ______.**

**Answer: (13)**

Monobromination of 1-methylcyclohexene in the presence of UV light proceeds by a free radical mechanism. The allyl radicals are formed which are stabilised by resonance. The secondary alkyl radicals are also formed which are stabilised by hyperconjugation. Of the seven products formed, six of them are optically active. So, 13 possible isomers are formed.

**Question 18. In the reaction given below, the total number of atoms having sp ^{2} hybridization in the major product P is ______.**

**Answer: (12)**

The total number of atoms having sp^{2} hybridisation in the major product (P) = 12

This includes 4 C-atoms, 4 N-atoms and 4 O-atoms.

**Question 19. The total number of possible isomers for [Pt(NH _{3})_{4}Cl_{2}]Br_{2} is**

**Answer: (6)**

The given complex [Pt(NH_{3})_{4}Cl_{2}]Br_{2} has three ionisation isomers and each of them has two geometrical isomers.

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