NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Short Stories Chapter 8 The Luncheon

NCERT Solutions Class 11 English The Luncheon – Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Woven Words Chapter 8 is designed by the top experts at BYJU’S to help students irrespective of their grasping abilities. Every chapter in Class 11 English contains a life lesson to teach the students. In order to score well in English, reading the entire chapter would not be enough. Understanding the chapter from the view of the author and the underlying theme is very important. This can be achieved by practising the questions from the NCERT textbook using the solutions.

Chapter 8 of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Woven Words Short Stories follows the CBSE exam pattern. Students will be able to get a clear idea of the types of questions, exam pattern, marks weightage, etc. By referring to the answers from the NCERT Solutions, students will get a grip over the particular chapter.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Chapter 8 The Luncheon:-Download PDF

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Access answers to NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Chapter 8 – The Luncheon

Page No. 104

Understanding The Text

1. Although the author was not a vindictive man he was very happy to see the twenty one stone lady who had impoverished him twenty years ago, and says he had finally had his revenge. What makes him say this?

Answer:

This story relates to incidents which are replete with irony and humour, involving a lady and the author in a restaurant about twenty years ago. The author explains how a lady friend cleverly suggested visiting a high level restaurant, Foyot. Based on the economic crisis of the author, visiting an expensive restaurant like Foyot with a lady for luncheon was ironical. The author explains in a flashback about how in that situation it became embarrassing for him as he was not able to turn down her request to meet at the restaurant. For the luncheon, the woman started to place orders for expensive dishes from the menu such as caviare, salmon, asparagus, champagne, etc. without thinking about the bill. Without being able to reveal the situation, the author gave excuses for not ordering food for himself. He had to give all the money which he had with him to pay the bill. Even a single penny did not remain in his hand and the whole month stood before him. The author was not vindictive and did not say a word to her but endured her. In this situation, the author says on seeing the woman after twenty years that the embarrassment that was done in the restaurant to him was avenged in a course of time as the lady now weighs twenty one stone. 

2. There are quite a few places where the author uses the expressions ‘my heart sank’, ‘panic seized’ etc. What was the reason for this?

Answer:

The expression ‘My heart sank’ was used by the author when the lady ordered for caviare. This expression used by the author explains his inability to afford a caviare. The usage of this expression provides humour to the entire situation.

In another situation, the expression ‘panic seized’ used by the author conveys that apart from embarrassment it was a concern while the lady ordered asparagus as he knew that its cost might exceed his budget. The expression aptly shows the mental state of anticipation and embarrassment of the author at that point. 

3. Locate instances of irony in the story.

Answer:

This story is filled with events of irony. It is a method using which an unpredicted situation is shown by an incident or speech. A situation which is ironical is not anticipated or expected. It occurs as a surprise or shock. In this story, numerous instances are present which are ironical. When the author at the beginning goes to Foyot with a thought that he can manage it within the limited budget, an unexpected thing happens. He finds that the cost of dishes in the menu is very high and did not expect this. It happens as a surprise or shock and therefore, ironical. The lady first conveys to the author that she never eats anything for lunch. But she soon remarks that she would love to eat salmon, which is a costly dish in the entire menu which again was ironical. She also goes on to order caviare, champagne and asparagus at the end, which is ironical. This story contains situations of verbal irony too. The lady’s statement that she never eats anything for luncheon is ironical as she starts to order so many highly priced dishes. Another such instance is when the author conveys to the lady that his doctors have asked him not to drink champagne. Hence, this story is completely built on ironical structure.

Talking About The Text

Discuss in pairs or in small groups

1. People with foibles are often not conscious of them.

Answer:

Every human being is constituted of follies and foibles with goodness to balance them. Sometimes, it is the nature of people to have foibles in them without realisation. Imperfections are present within people which makes us more human. The concept of flawlessness is utopic which does not adhere to the environment of the human world. The commercial and capitalist ideals introduce flawlessness, which make people hide their faults and turn them into hypocrites. Hence, humans do not accept their flaws and are not conscious of it in their pursuit to attain perfection. 

2. The author’s attempts at keeping up his pretence of friendliness while he was mentally preoccupied with the expense of the luncheon.

Answer:

The author tried his best to stay composed and calm while his lady friend kept ordering dishes without his approval. He tried to keep quiet so that she did not get to know about his concern regarding the bill. He kept pushing himself to maintain goodness by adjusting with her views regarding the food habits. He never exposed his hunger to make sure that the lady did not get to know about his financial crisis. 

Appreciation

1. The author is a humorist 

a. How does the story reflect his sense of humour?

b. What makes his lady friend remark – ‘you are quite a humorist’?

c. Give instances of the author’s ability to laugh at himself.

Answer:

a. The author of this story is a humorist. It mainly works to make others laugh. The author skillfully employs humour in his story from the starting to the end. At the beginning, the author explains a humorous instance when the lady asked him to provide her lunch at a costly restaurant Foyot. According to the financial crisis of the author, visiting the costly restaurant Foyot was not within his budget. The author did calculations and finally decided to visit Foyot with the lady to experience a few embarrassing moments, which makes it humorous for the readers. At the beginning on entering the restaurant the author was taken aback when the lady ordered caviare, salmon, asparagus and champagne. These situations testify the author’s sense of humour. The way the author did not place orders for himself so that his budget was not revealed is also humorous. The way the author explains about the lady as a woman of forty who was imposing rather than attractive is humorous. In the end, when the lady asked him to follow her path of having lunch, the author replied humorously that he would do better without eating anything. Hence, the story shows the sense of humour of the author from the start to the end. Each and every instance shown in the entire story expresses the author’s sense of humour. 

b. The story describes how the lady friend of the author suggested having lunch in a costly restaurant Foyot with the author. With all the monetary constraints, he decided to go to the restaurant where especially senators visit. He chalked up an idea to order a few items in the expensive restaurant so that his budget for the month would not be affected. The real irony exposed when his lady friend started placing orders one by one without even having an idea about the author’s budget. In the end, she asked him to follow her example to have a little luncheon, to which the author answered that he would do much better by not having dinner that night. This makes his lady friend remark – ‘you are quite a humorist’.

c. The story contains many events to depict the ability of the author to laugh at himself. At the beginning, the author says that the lady suggested visiting a costly restaurant like Foyot. The author says that as he was younger than the lady, he was not able to say no to her invitation. At the restaurant, when she started to order expensive dishes one after the other he was able to observe the irony. He then laughed at himself for accepting her invite for a luncheon in Foyot. From the start of the story to the end, he demonstrates his ability to laugh at himself.

2. How does the first person narrative help in heightening the literary effects of the story? 

Answer:

This story is composed in a first person narrative which makes the readers familiar with the mindset of the narrator and his evident anticipation, apprehension and embarrassment of visiting the costly restaurant Foyot at the suggestion of his lady friend. It allows us to go deeper into the confusion and the fear developed by the narrator inside himself. The polite and soft gesture exhibited by the narrator in front of his lady friend explains the sheer embarrassment and monetary dilemma which he was experiencing. It allows the reader to visualise his mind about the anger and sarcasm which he possessed against his lady friend. The variations in the external gentility and inner mental stress helps us to understand his plight which gives rise to irony.

Language Work

1. Pick out the words and phrases in the text that indicate that the author was not financially well off.

Answer:

A few phrases and words which capture the unstable financial situation of the author are – “I was barely earning enough”, possessing a “tiny apartment.” About his visit to Foyot he said, “it was so far beyond my means” and his “heart sank a little” when the lady friend of the author ordered salmon for lunch and said to himself, “I could not afford caviare”. When the lady ordered asparagus, the author’s “heart sank”. In the end, while coming out of the restaurant, the narrator was thinking of how he would manage his expenses with the little amount which was left with him to last for that month and said, “not a penny in my pocket”.  

Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Chapter 8

How many questions are present in Chapter 8 of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English?

The questions in Chapter 8 of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English are divided into four parts – Understanding The Text, Talking About the Text, Appreciation and Language Work. The first part contains three questions, the second part contains two questions, the third part contains two questions and the fourth part contains one question. It is important for the students to answer these questions precisely to get an overall idea about the chapter.

Where will I get the NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Chapter 8?

You will get the NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Chapter 8 from BYJU’S. Here the solutions are available in a chapter wise format, which can be accessed by the students while answering the textbook questions. It improves their grammatical skills, which would also be useful in higher education levels. The solutions are presented in a well structured format as per the latest guidelines of the CBSE board. Using these solutions, students will be able to answer the questions from the NCERT textbook without fear.

What does Chapter 8 of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English depict?

From Chapter 8 of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English, you will be able to understand the way the author was asked for lunch by a lady friend which led to various embarrassing moments. She asked him to visit Foyot which was one of the costliest restaurants. Later she started to order various high priced items without even thinking about the bill. Without having a penny in his hand to spend for the whole month, he paid the bill. This depicts the sense of humour of the author and his ability to laugh at himself.

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