Class 9 Maths introduces students to various new topics such as Euclid’s Geometry, Heron’s Formula, Surface Area and Volume and many more. So, it’s important that students should understand these new topics. Otherwise, they will start feeling that it’s a difficult subject and will not take interest in it. Also, many times students just mug the steps of solving the questions in order to pass the exam as they haven’t understood the concepts. Thus, to help them we have provided the step by step NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 Lines And Angles – Exercise 6.3.
Students can go through these solutions to understand how the questions are being solved. These NCERT Solutions of Class 9 Maths are provided by experienced teachers and contain step-by-step solution along with the diagrams, wherever required. This will help students in their studies and thus there is no need to mug up the Maths answers.
Access Other Exercise Solutions of Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 – Lines and Angles
Students can have a look at the NCERT Solutions of the other exercises of this chapter by clicking on the link below.
Exercise 6.1 Solutions 6 Questions (5 Short Answer Questions, 1 Long Answer Question)
Exercise 6.2 Solutions 6 Questions (3 Short Answer Questions, 3 Long Answer Question)
Access Answers to NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 – Lines And Angles Exercise 6.3
1. In Fig. 6.39, sides QP and RQ of ΔPQR are produced to points S and T respectively. If SPR = 135° and PQT = 110°, find PRQ.
It is given the TQR is a straight line and so, the linear pairs (i.e. TQP and PQR) will add up to 180°
So, TQP +PQR = 180°
Now, putting the value of TQP = 110° we get,
PQR = 70°
Consider the ΔPQR,
Here, the side QP is extended to S and so, SPR forms the exterior angle.
Thus, SPR (SPR = 135°) is equal to the sum of interior opposite angles. (Triangle property)
Or, PQR +PRQ = 135°
Now, putting the value of PQR = 70° we get,
PRQ = 135°-70°
Hence, PRQ = 65°
2. In Fig. 6.40, X = 62°, XYZ = 54°. If YO and ZO are the bisectors of XYZ and XZY respectively of Δ XYZ, find OZY and YOZ.
We know that the sum of the interior angles of the triangle.
So, X +XYZ +XZY = 180°
Putting the values as given in the question we get,
62°+54° +XZY = 180°
Or, XZY = 64°
Now, we know that ZO is the bisector so,
OZY = ½ XZY
∴ OZY = 32°
Similarly, YO is a bisector and so,
OYZ = ½ XYZ
Or, OYZ = 27° (As XYZ = 54°)
Now, as the sum of the interior angles of the triangle,
OZY +OYZ +O = 180°
Putting their respective values, we get,
O = 180°-32°-27°
Hence, O = 121°
3. In Fig. 6.41, if AB DE, BAC = 35° and CDE = 53°, find DCE.
We know that AE is a transversal since AB DE
Here BAC and AED are alternate interior angles.
Hence, BAC = AED
It is given that BAC = 35°
AED = 35°
Now consider the triangle CDE. We know that the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is 180°.
∴ DCE+CED+CDE = 180°
Putting the values, we get
DCE+35°+53° = 180°
Hence, DCE = 92°
4. In Fig. 6.42, if lines PQ and RS intersect at point T, such that PRT = 40°, RPT = 95° and TSQ = 75°, find SQT.
Consider triangle PRT.
PRT +RPT + PTR = 180°
So, PTR = 45°
Now PTR will be equal to STQ as they are vertically opposite angles.
So, PTR = STQ = 45°
Again, in triangle STQ,
TSQ +PTR + SQT = 180°
Solving this we get,
SQT = 60°
5. In Fig. 6.43, if PQ ⊥ PS, PQ SR, SQR = 28° and QRT = 65°, then find the values of x and y.
x +SQR = QRT (As they are alternate angles since QR is transversal)
So, x+28° = 65°
∴ x = 37°
It is also known that alternate interior angles are same and so,
QSR = x = 37°
QRS +QRT = 180° (As they are a Linear pair)
Or, QRS+65° = 180°
So, QRS = 115°
Now, we know that the sum of the angles in a quadrilateral is 360°. So,
P +Q+R+S = 360°
Putting their respective values, we get,
S = 360°-90°-65°-115° = 900
In Δ SPQ
∠SPQ + x + y = 1800
900 + 370 + y = 1800
y = 1800 – 1270 = 530
Hence, y = 53°
6. In Fig. 6.44, the side QR of ΔPQR is produced to a point S. If the bisectors of PQR and PRS meet at point T, then prove that QTR = ½ QPR.
Consider the ΔPQR. PRS is the exterior angle and QPR and PQR are interior angles.
So, PRS = QPR+PQR (According to triangle property)
Or, PRS -PQR = QPR ———–(i)
Now, consider the ΔQRT,
TRS = TQR+QTR
Or, QTR = TRS-TQR
We know that QT and RT bisect PQR and PRS respectively.
So, PRS = 2 TRS and PQR = 2TQR
Now, QTR = ½ PRS – ½PQR
Or, QTR = ½ (PRS -PQR)
From (i) we know that PRS -PQR = QPR
So, QTR = ½ QPR (hence proved).
The application of Lines and Angles can be found on the flooring, ceilings, farming, construction, surveying of property, engineering and many other areas. Here in Exercise 6.3 of Chapter 6 Class 9, Maths students will learn the “Angle Sum Property of a Triangle” and Theorem associated with it. The angle sum property explains that the sum of all the interior angles of a triangle is 180o. Also, there are some solved examples that are given in the NCERT textbook for students’ better understanding of this concept. After going through those examples students can solve the exercise 6.3 questions. Try to solve by yourself first. In case you get stuck somewhere then go through the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 Lines And Angles Exercise 6.3 PDF.
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