CBSE Class 10 English First Flight Fire and Ice Poem Summary & Notes

CBSE Class 10 English First Flight book Chapter 1 has another poem, which is Fire and Ice. This chapter has two poems, both written by Robert Frost. Here, we will be discussing the Fire and Ice poem. We have provided the CBSE Class 10 English Poem Notes Fire and Ice along with the summary. By going through the CBSE English notes and summary of the fire and ice poem, students will understand the meaning of the poem in detail. Also, they will get the poet’s point of view and the message conveyed through this poem. The poem is explained in detail for students’ easy understanding.

CBSE Class 10 English Fire and Ice Poem Summary

Fire and Ice is a short poem written by Robert Frost. The poem expresses the idea that the world will end someday, either by Fire or by Ice. Here, the poet has compared Fire and Ice with the self-destructing emotions of human beings. The fire and ice poem beautifully describes how humans let their emotions rule over them. They have no control over their desires. They work towards achieving their desires, but the more they work, the more they get trapped in them. Thus, they never feel satisfied and destroy their life. In a similar way, the poet thinks that fire and ice will lead to the destruction of the world.

CBSE Class 10 English Fire and Ice Poem Explanation Notes

Below, we have provided the Fire and Ice poem. We have then explained the meaning of the poem in detail. Students must go through it to understand the poem in a better way.

Fire and Ice Poem and Explanation

Some say the world will end in fire

Some say in ice.

From what I’ve tasted of desire

I hold with those who favour fire.

But if it had to perish twice,

I think I know enough of hate

To say that for destruction ice

Is also great

And would suffice.


In this poem, the poet expresses the two ways in which the world may end. Some people say that the world will end by Fire while others say that it will end by Ice. The poet says that he is aware about the “fiery desires” of human emotions, so he will favor those who say that Fire will end the world. Then, the poet rethinks again and imagines, if the world has to die twice, then Ice has the capability, similar to Fire, to destroy the whole world.

The poet compares fire and ice with the self-destructive nature of human beings. According to the poet, Fire stands for desire, greed and lust. There is no end to such emotions. The more humans try to fulfill them, the more rapidly these emotions spread, similar to fire. These feelings often engulf human life, and they get trapped in them. As a result, people become egotist, selfish and cruel. On the other hand, the poet describes Ice as the rigid, rough and hateful side of human emotions. People become harsh and do not care about the emotions and feelings of others. They are indifferent to others’ happiness and sorrow. Thus, the poet says that since Ice and Fire both are growing with such rapid speed the world will end soon, either by Fire or by Ice. The poem conveys a beautiful message that human emotions rule over them. If humans don’t control their emotions, they will ruin their life and bring it to the verge of chaos.

We hope this CBSE Class 10 English First Flight Poem Notes Fire and Ice must have helped students in their exam preparation. Students can find complete information related to CBSE and get the study material such as sample papers, textbooks, syllabus, NCERT solutions, question papers, etc., for their board exam preparation, at BYJU’S. You can also find essays for topics such as Independence Day, Republic Day, Women Empowerment, Constitution of India & etc. Students can also download the BYJU’S App for interactive study videos.

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