Three-fourth of the earth’s surface is covered with water, but only a small proportion of it accounts for freshwater that can be put to use. If three-fourth of the world is covered with water and water is a renewable resource, then how is it that countries and regions around the globe suffer from water scarcity? Why is it predicted that by 2025, nearly two billion people will live in absolute water scarcity? Know more about water scarcity and water conservation from Chapter 3, “Water Resources,” of CBSE Class 10 Geography. We have also compiled CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 Water Resources Important Questions here. It will help students to revise the chapter well. By practising these questions, students will get well versed with the topics of this chapter which are more likely to be asked in the board exam.
These CBSE Class 10 Important Questions cover the crucial topics of this chapter and also help students to score high marks in the exam.
Chapter 3 Water Resources
1. From your everyday experiences, write a short proposal on how you can conserve water.
2. What are dams and how do they help us in conserving and managing water?
3. Explain about Narmada Bachao Andolan or Save Narmada Movement.
4. Basic safety precautions to be taken during floods.
5. Based on the information given below classify each of the situations as ‘suffering from water scarcity’ or ‘not suffering from water scarcity’.
(a) Region with high annual rainfall.
(b) Region having high annual rainfall and large population.
(c) Region having high annual rainfall but water is highly polluted.
(d) Region having low rainfall and low population
6. What are the main causes of water scarcity?
7. Discuss how rainwater harvesting in semi-arid regions of Rajasthan is carried out.
8. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of multi-purpose river projects.
9. Explain about multi-purpose river valley project. Give its objectives.
10. ‘‘Urbanisation has added to water scarcity.’’ Support the statement with arguments.
11. ‘‘Water harvesting system is an effective measure to reduce the problem of water scarcity.’’ Justify the statement.
12. Give the sources of freshwater in India.
13. Explain the need for rainwater harvesting in India. How is it useful? Explain the mechanism with a diagram.
14. Is it possible that an area or region may have ample water resources but is still facing water scarcity?
15. What are the advantages of building dams? Mention 4 points.
16. Mention the states, where the practice of ‘rooftop water harvesting’ are largely practised?
(c) Madhya Pradesh
17. Mention the disadvantages of building large dams. Mention 4 points.
18. Analyse the impact of water scarcity.
19. Jawaharlal Nehru proudly proclaimed dams as the ‘temples of modern India’. Explain.
20. Name two techniques of rooftop water harvesting.
21. How have intensive industrialisation and urbanisation posted a great pressure on existing fresh water resource in India. Explain?
22. On which river, the Hirakud dam been constructed?
23. Explain how water becomes a renewable resource?
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