Class 10 Science Term- 1 Syllabus

Theory

  • Balanced Chemical Equation
  • Chemical Equation
  • Implications of a Balanced Chemical Equation
  • Types of Chemical reactions: Combination, Decomposition, Displacement, Double displacement, Precipitation, Neutralization, Oxidation and reduction
  • Definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH- ions
  • General properties – Examples and uses
  • Concept of pH
  • Importance of pH in everyday life
  • Preparation and uses of Sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris
  • Properties of metals and non-metals
  • Reactivity series, Formation and properties of ionic compounds
  • Basic metallurgical processes
  • Corrosion and its prevention
  • Lining being: Basic concept of nutrition
  • Respiration, Transport and Excretion in plants and animals
  • Tropic movements in plants
  • Introduction to plant hormones
  • Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system
  • Voluntary, involuntary and Reflex actions, Chemical co-ordination : Animal hormones
  • Potential difference and electric current, Ohm’s law
  • Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which resistance of a conductor depends
  • Series combination of resistors, Parallel combination of resistors and its application in daily life
  • Heating effect of Electric current and its application
  • Electric power and Inter-relation between P,V,I, and R
  • Magnetic field, field lines, field due to current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid
  • Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s left hand rule
  • Electromagnetic induction, Induced potential difference, Induced current
  • Fleming’s right hand rule
  • Direct current, Alternating current: Frequency of AC
  • Advantages of AC over DC, Domestic electric circuits
  • Different forms of energy
  • Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy, biogas, wind, water, tidal energy and nuclear energy
  • Renewable versus non-renewable sources

Practicals

To find the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator

  • Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
  • Dilute NaOH solution
  • Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
  • Lemon juice
  • Water
  • Dilute Sodium Bicarbonate solution

To study the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) by their reaction with:

  • Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
  • Zinc metal
  • Solid sodium carbonate

To perform and observe the following reactions and classify them into:

  1. Combination reaction
  2. Decompositionreaction
  3. Displacement reaction
  4. Double displacement reaction
  • Action of water on quick lime
  • Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
  • Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
  • Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions

To observe the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:

  • ZnSO4 (aq)
  • FeSO4 (aq)
  • CuSO4 (aq)
  • Al2(SO4)3 (aq)
  • Arrange Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

To study the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plot a graph versus V and I.

To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series.

To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in parallel.

To prepare a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.

To show experimentally that light is necessary for photosynthesis.

To show experimentally that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.

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