Class 10 Science Term- 1 Syllabus

Theory

  • Balanced Chemical Equation
  • Chemical Equation
  • Implications of a Balanced Chemical Equation
  • Types of Chemical reactions: Combination, Decomposition, Displacement, Double displacement, Precipitation, Neutralization, Oxidation and reduction
  • Definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH- ions
  • General properties – Examples and uses
  • Concept of pH
  • Importance of pH in everyday life
  • Preparation and uses of Sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris
  • Properties of metals and non-metals
  • Reactivity series, Formation and properties of ionic compounds
  • Basic metallurgical processes
  • Corrosion and its prevention
  • Lining being: Basic concept of nutrition
  • Respiration, Transport and Excretion in plants and animals
  • Tropic movements in plants
  • Introduction to plant hormones
  • Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system
  • Voluntary, involuntary and Reflex actions, Chemical co-ordination : Animal hormones
  • Potential difference and electric current, Ohm’s law
  • Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which resistance of a conductor depends
  • Series combination of resistors, Parallel combination of resistors and its application in daily life
  • Heating effect of Electric current and its application
  • Electric power and Inter-relation between P,V,I, and R
  • Magnetic field, field lines, field due to current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid
  • Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s left hand rule
  • Electromagnetic induction, Induced potential difference, Induced current
  • Fleming’s right hand rule
  • Direct current, Alternating current: Frequency of AC
  • Advantages of AC over DC, Domestic electric circuits
  • Different forms of energy
  • Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy, biogas, wind, water, tidal energy and nuclear energy
  • Renewable versus non-renewable sources

Practicals

To find the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator

  • Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
  • Dilute NaOH solution
  • Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
  • Lemon juice
  • Water
  • Dilute Sodium Bicarbonate solution

To study the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) by their reaction with:

  • Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
  • Zinc metal
  • Solid sodium carbonate

To perform and observe the following reactions and classify them into:

  1. Combination reaction
  2. Decompositionreaction
  3. Displacement reaction
  4. Double displacement reaction
  • Action of water on quick lime
  • Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
  • Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
  • Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions

To observe the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:

  • ZnSO4 (aq)
  • FeSO4 (aq)
  • CuSO4 (aq)
  • Al2(SO4)3 (aq)
  • Arrange Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

To study the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plot a graph versus V and I.

To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series.

To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in parallel.

To prepare a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.

To show experimentally that light is necessary for photosynthesis.

To show experimentally that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.


Practise This Question

In XeF2, Xe is  ................. hybridised