Components of Garbage

Components of Garbage:

Waste that has been accumulated in our surrounding area and ready for disposal are called as garbage. Garbage are solid wastes that includes domestic wastes, industrial wastes and municipal wastes.

Domestic waste are the garbage emerging from our houses

Municipal wastes are the wastes from schools, roads, shops and offices.

Industrial wastes are the wastes discarded from factories and industries.

A large area used to dispose garbage is known as dump. The downside of having the garbage dumps is that, it becomes the breeding ground for various flies and mosquitoes. The dumps are also sometimes burned that releases harmful gases into the atmosphere. These harmful atmospheric gases may cause respiratory diseases. In the long run the garbage mixes with soil which takes time to decay that makes the soil loose.

There are mainly two types of garbage wastes:

Dry Garbage

Dry Garbage

1. Dry waste or non biodegradable wastes: These include newspapers, plastics, broken glass pieces and waste rags. They can be recycled. Once in while they are taken to the recycle plants for the process of recycling.

2. Moist waste or biodegradable wastes: These come from our kitchen and home. Food remains, vegetable peels, fruit peels, garden waste are the examples of these wastes. These can be used to obtain manure and compost that are safe for the environment. We are going to see how composting and vermicompost can be used to manage the moist wastes. 

If you want to learn how these garbage can be managed to make them less harmful to the environment and take a look at Byju’s chapter wise NCERT solutions for Garbage here – Garbage

Practise This Question

In a constant volume calorimeter, 3.5 g of a gas with molecular weight 28 was burnt in excess oxygen at 298.0 K. The temperature of the calorimeter was found to increase from 298.0 K to 298.45 K due to the combustion process. Given that the heat capacity of the calorimeter is 2.5kJK1, find the numerical value for the enthalpy of combustion of the gas in kJmol1.