Essay on Bank

500+ Words Essay on Bank

Banks are an integral part of the modern economy. They play a major role in the economic growth and development of a country. The idea of banking evolved with the idea of money. In India, public sector banks (PSBs) have been working to provide banking services in urban and rural areas since 1970. These public sector banks account for nearly 70% of banking activity in India. With the help of this essay on banks, students will get to know the functions performed by banks and their importance for individuals and the country. To help students in improving their essay-writing skills, we have also compiled a list of CBSE Essays on different topics. By practising these essays, they can boost their writing skills and also score good marks on the English exam.

Meaning of Bank

Banks are mainly linked to depositing and lending money. In Indian society, moneylenders used to give money to people in ancient times. They charged a high rate of interest to people as there were no banks or banking systems available at that time. But, with the change in time, the banking system was introduced in India. Now, we have public sector banks and private banks.

A bank is a financial institution that deals with deposits, withdrawals and other related banking services. Bank receives money from those who want to save in the form of deposits, and it lends money to those who need it. A bank is a financial institution that works as an intermediary to accept deposits and channels those deposits into various lending activities. It does so through loans or capital markets. A bank establishes the connection between the customers who have capital surpluses and those with capital deficits. In India, all banks operate under the guidelines of the Reserve Bank of India, which is known as the banker’s bank.

Functions of Bank

Banking is the lifeline of the modern economy. It has played a very important role in the economic development of all the nations of the world. We can not think of modern commerce without banking. Banking is a business which seeks profits like any other business. The banking business mainly constitutes borrowing and lending as their basic functions. Now, banks are providing many other services to people, such as net banking, online shopping, mobile banking, granting loans and advances, short-term credit, pension payments, acting as a dealer in foreign currency etc. A common person can safely deposit their money in the banks.

How Important are Banks for Development?

Banks are the most important financial pillars. They play a vital role in the economic development of a country. The financing requirements of industries, trades, agriculture and other business are met with the help of banks. Therefore, if the banking system of a country becomes strong, then the development of the country will also be at a faster rate. In today’s economy, banks are not only dealing with money, but they are also contributing to the development of the nation. They play a crucial role in the disbursement of credit and the mobilisation of deposits to various sectors of the economy. Banks also represent the economic health of the country. The strength of a nation’s economy depends on the strength of the financial system, which depends on the banking system.

In India, banks play a crucial role in the social and economic growth of the country after independence. The banking sector in India accounts for more than half the assets of the financial sector. The Indian banks have shown much growth after the implementation of financial sector reforms.


Banks are the backbone of any country’s economy. They are responsible for running the economy and controlling the price of the markets. They perform various important functions. However, there are default NPAs, cases of corruption and security threat-related issues, but these can be resolved by implementing strict laws and rules by the government.

Students must have found the “Essay on Bank” useful for improving their essay writing skills. They can get the study material and the latest updates on CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive Exams, at BYJU’S.


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.