NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science Chapter 1

NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science Chapter 1 PDF Free Download

We all eat food as it provides energy for us to live, walk, run, catch, talk, throw, jump, write and lot more. There is no life on this earth which can live without food. All living organisms including humans, animals, birds, plants and even insects need food for their survival. As we all know we get our daily food from two main sources – Plants and Animals. From plants, we get different types of cereals, fruits, grains vegetables, pulses. From animals, we get eggs, milk, butter, cheese, meat, fish, and chicken.

Green plants are the main source of food for both humans and animals. We both feed on plants and obtain our energy. There are different parts of plants which serves us with different types of food.

  1. Food obtained from roots – beetroot, carrot, radish, turnip, and sweet potato.
  2. Food obtained from stems- Sugarcane. Some underground stem includes-garlic, ginger, onions, and potatoes.
  3. Food obtained from leaves-basil, cabbage, coriander, lettuce, mint, and spinach.
  4. Food obtained from the flower- broccoli and cauliflower.
  5. Food obtained from fruits-Apple, banana, bottle gourd, cherries, cucumber, grapes, jackfruit, kiwi and lot more.
  6. Food obtained from seeds- It includes all the cereals, pulses, flax seeds, dry fruits like almonds, and lot more.

NCERT solutions for class 6 science chapter 1 is one of the important study material for the students of class 6. To understand the chapter in the better way students should try to solve more the NCERT questions provided at the end of each chapter. Solving these questions will not only help you to understand the chapter but sometimes questions from this NCERT book is directly asked in the examination. Those students who find difficulties in solving the questions can refer these NCERT solutions and perform best in their class assignments and final exams For the sake of students NCERT solutions for class 6 science chapter 1- Food, Where Does It Comes From pdf is provided here.

Subjective Questions

  1. Do you believe that all living beings need the same kind of food?

Ans. No, each species requires a different kind of food.


  1. Name five plants and their parts that we eat.

Ans. Names of plants and their parts that we eat are:

(a) Brinjal Plant: Fruits

(b) Carrot plant: Root

(c) Cabbage: Leaf

(d)Potato Plant: Stems

(e)Wheat: Seeds


  1. Match the items in column I and Column II.
Column I Column II
Milk, curd, paneer, ghee

Spinach, cauliflower, carrot

Lions and tigers


eat other animals

eat plants and plant products

are vegetables

are all animal products



Column I Column II
Milk, curd, paneer, ghee

Spinach, cauliflower, carrot

Lions and tigers


are all animal products

are vegetables

eat other animals

eat plants and plant products.

  1. Fill up the blanks with the words given:

Herbivore, plant, milk, sugarcane, carnivore.

(a) Tiger is a _______ because it eats only meat.

(b) Deer eats only plant products and so it is called a _______

(c) Parrots eat only _______

(d) The _______ that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animal product.

(e) We get sugar from _______

Ans. (a) carnivore (b) herbivore (c) plant (d) milk (e) sugarcane


Extra Questions:

Very short answer type questions:

  1. Mention any two examples where two or more parts of the same plant are consumed as food.

Ans. Mustard – Leaves and seeds, Pumpkin – Flowers and fruit.


  1. Mention any one plant which grows in water and is consumed as food.

Ans. The stem of the lotus flower is consumed as food.


  1. Portrait any three ways which can be very effective to prevent wastage of food.

Ans. (i) Prevent leaving food unconsumed in meals.

(ii) Follow the phrase “Eat to live” and not “live to eat” – eating more than required should be avoided

(iii) Raw edibles like grains, pulses should be stocked well.


  1. Name any two plants that produce sugar.

Ans. (i) Sugarcane

(ii) Sugarbeet.


  1. Mention at least one non-green plant that we consume as food.

Ans. Mushroom.


  1. What do we call every individual’s habit to of eating a peculiar type of food items generally?

Ans. Food habit.


  1. Compare the food habits of a person living in North India to a person living in Tamil Nadu.

Ans. North Indian food habits: Chapatti, lassi, pulses, vegetables, rice, mustard oil.

Food habits of a person in Tamil Nadu: Dosa, Idli, sambhar, upma, rasam, and puri, etc.


  1. What are the ingredients used to prepare cooked rice?

Ans. Raw rice and water.


  1. Compare the ingredients of different food items. Are they having any common food ingredients?

Ans. Yes, they do have some ingredients in common like salt, water and ghee or oil.


  1. Identify the two common sources of most of the ingredients of food items that we eat.

Ans. (i) Plants

(ii) Animals


  1. Name any three products provided by plants and animals individually.

Ans. Plant products: Cereals, grains and vegetables.

Animal products: Egg, meat and milk.


  1. Mention any three edible parts of plants.

Ans. (a) Fruits (b) Roots (c) Leaves


  1. Which part of the plants we generally eat?

Ans. We generally eat fruits from most of the plants.


  1. Among normal seeds and sprouted seeds, from which do we get more energy?

Ans. We get more energy from sprouted seeds than from normal seeds.


  1. What is honey?

Ans. Honey is a sweet substance in liquid state made by bees from the nectar obtained from flowers, i.e., sweet juice collected from flowers is called nectar.


  1. What would you call the human beings based on the type of food that they eat or their food habit?

Ans. Omnivores.



  1. What is food?

Ans. Food is the edible substance which are consumed by humans and other animals to absorb energy for various activities like physical movement, growth and development.


  1. Why is it advised that we should prefer eating cooked food?

Ans. It advised that we should prefer eating cooked food because by cooking harmful germs will be destroyed and becomes germless. Cooked food can be easily digested and absorbed by our digestive system in our body. Cooking will also enhance the taste of food.


  1. Illustrate the significance of food for living organisms.

Ans. The importance of food is:

(i) They are converted into energy which is required to do various activities.

(ii) It helps in growth of living organisms.

(iii) It helps in the process of repair and replace of damaged parts of the body of living organisms.

(iv) It safeguards us from various diseases and infections.


  1. Illustrate the different sources of food items and ingredients with the help of examples.

Ans. There are mainly two sources of ingredients of various food items:

(a) Plants: Plants provide us vegetables, pulses, fruits, cereals, grains etc.

(b) Animals: Animals provide us meat, eggs, and milk etc.


  1. Explain the term herbivores.

Ans. Herbivores are the animals which eat only plants or plant products. For instance, cow, goat and buffalo are herbivores.


  1. Explain the term omnivores.

Ans. Omnivores are the animals which eat both plants and animals. For instance, Bear, rodent, dog etc


Long Answer type questions

1.Explain with a flow chart showing various contributors involved in making chapatti that we eat at home.




  1. Chart out a flowchart showing the process involved in the preparation of ghee or honey.

Ans. Preparation of ghee:


Preparation of honey:

L 2.2


  1. Create a tabular column showing the differences between herbivores, carnivores and omnivores with examples.


Herbivores Carnivores Omnivores
Herbivores are the animals which eat only plants or plant products.


cow, goat and buffalo are herbivores.

Carnivores are the animals which eat only meat or flesh of other animals.


Lion, tiger, lizards are carnivores.

Omnivores are the animals which eat both plants and animals.


Bear, rodent, dog etc



  1. Answer the following questions.

(a) Identify the parts of the banana plant which are used as food.

(b) List the animal food which we get from water bodies.

(c) Mention four fruits which we consume as vegetables.

Ans. (a) Fruit, flower and stem of a banana plant.

(b) Lobster, fish, prawn and crabs.

(c) Tomato. brinjal, lady finger, cucumber etc are fruits which are used as vegetables.

BYJU'S, the number one learning app provides free NCERT solutions for all the chapters of CBSE class 6. By studying from these books, students can gain extra knowledge about the topic as it provides a complete introduction to food, different types, and source of food, the benefits of having a healthy diet and lot more. These NCERT solutions are prepared by the team of subject experts and all the topics are explained in an easy and simple way to help students in understanding the topic easily and effortless.

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