Water Class 6 notes - Chapter 14

What is Water?

Water can be simply defined as the natural, precious and essential requirement of life. Water is found abundantly on our planet earth. About two-thirds of the total earth’s surface is covered with water.

Uses of Water

We all use water for cleaning, cooking, drinking, bathing, washing, etc. Factories and large industries use water in large quantities for producing various products required for human welfare. Farmers also make use of water for irrigating and cultivating the crops, Thus, water is required for many activities, therefore it is an essential requirement of life.

Sources of water

As mentioned above, about two-thirds of the total earth’s surface is covered with water. But these water is not suitable for human use. These are the saline water found in oceans and seas. Rivers, ponds, lakes and groundwater are the best and different sources of water which are suitable for drinking and other human uses.

Water Cycle

The process of cycling of water into different states of matter is called water cycle. It is also known as the hydrological cycle or the hydrologic cycle. In this process, the water on the earth changes into three states of matter – solid, liquid and gas. The complete water cycle is carried into four stages which are as follows: Evaporation, Condensation, Precipitation and Collection.

Important Questions

  1. What is Rain Water Harvesting?
  2. What are the effects of Water Scarcity?
  3. How can we recharge the Groundwater?
  4. What are the causes for Water shortage?
  5. What are the factors responsible for the Depletion of Water Table?

Learn more about the Water from the topics given below:

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