Study of chemical reactions concerning the rate of reaction, the formation of intermediates, rearrangement of atoms, and the effect of different variables is called chemical kinetics. Factors affecting the rate of reaction are the catalyst concentration of reactants, and temperature. The rate of reaction cannot be predicted but has to be determined experimentally. Rate law gives the mathematical representation of the rate of reaction.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics – Related Links
- Rate law and Rate Constant
- Arrhenius Equation
- Rate Law
- Arrhenius Equation Calculator
- Effect of Temperature on Rate of Reaction
The power of concentration of the reactant in the rate law equation is the order of a reaction with respect to a reactant. Therefore to calculate the order of a reaction, add the powers of concentrations of all the different reactants in the equation. The order of reaction, as well as the rate constant, can be determined by the rate law.
In the year 1899, two concepts were combined to get the Arrhenius equation. The combined concepts are the Boltzmann distribution law and activation energy.
k = A.e–Ea/RT
Ea is the activation energy
A is Arrhenius factor
The above relation was got by Swedish chemist Svante Arrhenius and hence named after him.
Few Important Questions
- Calculate the rates of production of H2 and N2 if the decomposition of NH3 on a platinum surface is a zero-order reaction. k = 2.5 × 10–4 mol–1 L s–1
- The given equation log k = 14.34 – 1.25 × 104K/T is the rate constant for the first-order decomposition of H2O2. Find Ea and temp at which its half period will be equal to 256 minutes.
- Show that, for a first-order reaction, the time needed to complete 99 per cent is double the time needed to complete a 90 per cent reaction.
- Calculate the half-life of a first-order reaction for the rate constant 200 s–1
|NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 4|
|NCERT Exemplar for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 4|
Understand the in-depth concepts of chemical kinetics by downloading the Chemical Kinetics Class 12 Notes PDF. For the latest updates, register with BYJU’S now!
For More Questions on Chemical Kinetics and Surface Chemistry, Watch The Below Video:
Other Important Links:
Frequently asked Questions on CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes Chapter 4: Chemical Kinetics
What the main functions of ‘Surface Chemistry’?
Enzymatic reactions at the biological interfaces found in the cell walls and membranes. In the electronics industry, they are used in the surface and interface of microchips found in computers.
What is ‘Arrhenius equation’?
The Arrhenius equation describes the relation between the rate of reaction and temperature for many physical and chemical reactions.
What is the ‘Rate of a reaction’?
Rate of a reaction is the speed at which a chemical reaction proceeds.