Habitat: The living organism and their surroundings

Different types of living organism are found in different regions of the world. In this article, we will be studying about different kinds of living creatures and how they survive in different types of climate. How is the habitat different for different living organisms?

Certain characteristic of living organisms which enables them to survive in their surrounding are known as an adaptation in living organism.

The surrounding where living organisms survive is known as habitat.

habitat 1

Types of habitat:

Different types of habitats are:

1) Terrestrial habitat:

terrestrial habitat

  • Plants and animals that survive on land.
  • Three types:
  • Desert: At night, small animals stay out, while in the day they stay inside the deep holes in the sand.

Plants do not have leaves. Photosynthesis takes place through stems.

  • Mountain: Plants are cone shaped, and leaves have needle-like structure.

Animals have thick fur to protect them from cold.

  • Grassland: Brown in color, found in the grassy area.

2) Aquatic habitat:    

aquatic habitat                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

  • Plants and animals that live under water.
  • Types:
  • Ponds:

Plants with their roots fixed in the soil.

Plants whose roots are totally submerged in water.

  • Oceans:

Animals have gills which help them in the utilization of dissolved oxygen in the water.

Some animals like whales and dolphins have nostrils to breathe.

Characteristics of living organism:

Humans are living organism. So is the dog living outside our house and plants providing us shade are living organisms.  All of them have some special characteristics. But some of the characteristics are in general common to all the living organisms.

characteristics of living organism

From the above diagram, we got to know about the various characteristics of living organisms. Some of them are respiration, growth, reproduction of living organism and the need for food to stay alive.

We understood the meaning of word ‘habitat’ and how it is related to the living organism. To know more about the living organisms, their habitat, different types of habitat and their necessity for survival, download BYJU’S- the learning app.


Practise This Question

On heating water, bubbles being formed at the bottom of the vessel detach and rise. Take the bubbles to be spheres of radius R and making a circular contact of radius with the bottom of the vessel. If r << R and the surface tension of water is T, the value of r just before bubbles detach is (density of water is ρw).