# NCERT Exemplar Solutions Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time

NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time should be studied thoroughly to have a solid fundamental of motion and time. It is very important to go through this NCERT exemplar solution as they introduce you to the complex physics’ topic of motion and time.

This NCERT exemplar solutions for class 7 science will make you understand the concept in depth. This will help you in solving a variety of questions for your exam preparation. It also lays a strong foundation which will help you in studying advanced topics.

NCERT exemplar solution provided here has answers and explanations to 9 multiple choice questions, answers to 3 very short answer questions, answers to 5 short answer questions and 3 descriptive answer questions.

## Importance of NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time

NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time covers questions on types of motion, speed measurement, distance-time graph and effect of speed and motion on our daily lives. This exemplar solution has questions on important derivations, numerical problems and graphs.

### Topics covered in NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time

13.1 – Slow or Fast

13.2 – Speed

13.3 – Measurement of Time

13.4 – Measuring Speed

13.5 – Distance-Time Graph.

### Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following cannot be used for measurement of time?

(a) A leaking tap.

(b) Simple pendulum.

(c) Shadow of an object during the day.

(d) Blinking of eyes.

Soln:

The answer is (d) Blinking of eyes.

Explanation:

Blinking of the eye is not a periodic phenomenon. Eyes do not blink at a fixed interval of time. Hence Blinking of eyes cannot be used for measurement of time.

2. Two clocks A and B are shown in Figure 13.1. Clock A has an hour and a minute hand, whereas clock B has an hour hand, minute hand as well as a second hand. Which of the following statement is correct for these clocks?

(a) A time interval of 30 seconds can be measured by clock A.

(b) A time interval of 30 seconds cannot be measured by clock B.

(c) Time interval of 5 minutes can be measured by both A and B.

(d) Time interval of 4 minutes 10 seconds can be measured by clock A.

Soln:

The answer is (c) Time interval of 5 minutes can be measured by both A and B.

Explanation:

Clock A doesnâ€™t have a seconds hand. Hence seconds cannot be measured by clock A. 5 minutes can be measured by using both the clocks.

3. Two students were asked to plot a distance-time graph for the motion described by Table A and Table B.

The graph given in Figure 13.2 is true for

(a) both A and B.

(b) A only.

(c) B only.

(d) neither A nor B.

Soln:

The answer is (a) both A and B.

Explanation:

SinceÂ speedÂ forÂ AÂ andÂ BÂ isÂ constant,Â graphÂ forÂ AÂ andÂ BÂ isÂ aÂ straightÂ lineÂ asÂ shownÂ in theÂ figure.

4. A bus travels 54 km in 90 minutes. The speed of the bus is

(a) 0.6 m/s

(b) 10 m/s

(c) 5.4 m/s

(d) 3.6 m/s

Soln:

Answer is (b) 10 m/s

Explanation:

Speed = Distance / Time

Distance = 54km = 54 x1000 = 54000m

Time = 90 minutes = 90×60= 5400s

Speed = 54000/5400 = 10 m/s

5. If we denote speed by S, the distance by D and time by T, the relationship between these quantities is

(a) S = D Ã— T

(b) T = S/D

(c) S = 1/ T x D

(c) S = T/D

Soln:

Answer is (c) S = 1/TxD

Explanation:

Option c) is the correction equation because Speed = Distance/Time

6. Observe Figure 13.3.

The time period of a simple pendulum is the time taken by it to travel from

(a) A to B and back to A.

(b) O to A, A to B and B to A.

(c) B to A, A to B and B to O.

(d) A to B.

Soln:

The answer is (a) A to B and back to A.

7. Fig. 13.4 shows an oscillating pendulum

Time taken by the bob to move from A to C is t1 and from C to O is t2. The time period of this simple pendulum is

(a) (t1 + t2 )

(b) 2 (t1 + t 2 )

(c) 3 (t1 + t 2 )

(d) 4 (t1 + t 2 )

Soln:

Answer is (d) 4 (t1 + t 2 )

Explanation:

The total time taken by the bob to move from A to 0 is (t1+ t2) which is 1/4th time of one full cycle of the pendulum. A time period of pendulum i.e. time taken by pendulum to complete one oscillation from A to B and back to A will be 4 (t1 + t2).

8. The correct symbol to represent the speed of an object is

(a) 5 m/s

(b) 5 mp

(c) 5 m/s-1

(d) 5 s/m

Soln:

Answer is (a) 5 m/s

Explanation:

Unit of speed is meter/ second hence the answer is (a) 5 m/s .

9. Boojho walks to his school which is at a distance of 3 km from his home in 30 minutes. On reaching he finds that the school is closed and comes back by bicycle with his friend and reaches home in 20 minutes. His average speed in km/h is

(a) 8.3

(b) 7.2

(c) 5

(d) 3.6

Soln:

The answer is (b) 7.2

Explanation:

=7.2 km/h (â¸ª 1h = 60 mins)

### Very Short Answer Questions

10. A simple pendulum is oscillating between two points A and B as shown in Figure 13.5. Is the motion of the bob uniform or non-uniform?

Soln:

The motion of the bob is non-uniform because the speed of the bob keeps changing.

12. Paheli and Boojho have to cover different distances to reach their school but they take the same time to reach the school. What can you say about their speed?

Soln:

Because their speed will be different from one another.

12. If Boojho covers a certain distance in one hour and Paheli covers the same distance in two hours, who travels in a higher speed?

Soln:

Boojho travels in a higher speed, hence he reaches the distance early.

### Short Answer Questions

13. Complete the data of the table given below with the help of the distance-time graph given in Figure 13.6.

Soln:

14. The average age of children in Class VII is 12 years and 3 months. Express this age in seconds.

Soln:

12 years 3 months

= 12 Ã— 365 + 3 Ã— 30 = 4470 days

= 4470 Ã— 24 Ã— 60 Ã— 60 s = 386208000 s

15. A spaceship travels 36,000 km in one hour. Express its speed in km/s.

Soln:

36000 km/h=$$\frac{36000}{60*60}$$ = 10 km/s

16. Starting from A, Paheli moves along a rectangular path ABCD as shown in Figure 13.7. She takes 2 minutes to travel each side. Plot a distance-time graph and explain whether the motion is uniform or non-uniform.

Soln:

Since the distance covered per unit time for the entire distance covered is not the same, the motion is non-uniform.

17. Plot a distance-time graph of the tip of the second hand of a clock by selecting 4 points on x-axis and y-axis respectively. The circumference of the circle traced by the second hand is 64 cm.

Soln:

18. Given below as Figure 13.8 is the distance-time graph of the motion an object.

(i) What will be the position of the object at the 20s?

(ii) What will be the distance travelled by the object in 12s?

(iii) What is the average speed of the object?

Soln:

1. At 20 s, the object will be 8 m away from the starting point.
2. In 12 s, distance travelled by the object will be 6 m.
3. Average speed of the object Total distance=Total distance/Time taken=8m/20s=0.4m/s

19. Distance between Bholuâ€™s and Goluâ€™s house is 9 km. Bholu has to attend Goluâ€™s birthday party at 7 oâ€™clock. He started from his home at 6 oâ€™clock on his bicycle and covered a distance of 6 km in 40 minutes. At that point, he met Chintu and he spoke to him for 5 minutes and reached Goluâ€™s birthday party at 7 oâ€™clock. With what speed did he cover the second part of the journey? Calculate his average speed for the entire journey.

The speed with which Bholu covered the second part of the journey

Soln:

20. Boojho goes to the football ground to play football. The distance-time graph of his journey from his home to the ground is given as Figure 13.9.

(a) What does the graph between point B and C indicate about the motion of Boojho?

(b) Is the motion between 0 to 4 minutes uniform or nonuniform?

(c) What is his speed between 8 and 12 minutes of his journey?

Soln:

(a) Boojhoâ€™s speed is zero hence he will be in rest

(b) motion between 0 to 4 minutes will be nonuniform

(c) 75/4 = 18.75 m/minute

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## Frequently Asked Questions NCERT Exemplar for Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time

### Paheli and Boojho have to cover different distances to reach their school, but they take the same time to reach the school. What can you say about their speed?

Because their speed will be different from one another.

### If Boojho covers a certain distance in one hour and Paheli covers the same distance in two hours, who travels at a higher speed?

Boojho travels at a higher speed, hence he reaches the distance early.

### The average age of children in Class VII is 12 years and 3 months. Express this age in seconds?

12 years 3 months

= 12 Ã— 365 + 3 Ã— 30 = 4470 days

= 4470 Ã— 24 Ã— 60 Ã— 60 s = 386208000 s