NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Exercise 7.2 Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Exercise 7.2 Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles in simple PDF are given here. Criteria for congruence of triangles and congruence among right-angled triangles are the two topics covered in this exercise of NCERT Solutions for Class 7. Students of Class 7 are suggested to solve NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence to strengthen the fundamentals and be able to solve questions that are usually asked in the examination.

Download the PDF of NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles – Exercise 7.2

 

ncert sol class 7 math ch 7 ex 2
ncert sol class 7 math ch 7 ex 2
ncert sol class 7 math ch 7 ex 2
ncert sol class 7 math ch 7 ex 2
ncert sol class 7 math ch 7 ex 2
ncert sol class 7 math ch 7 ex 2
ncert sol class 7 math ch 7 ex 2
ncert sol class 7 math ch 7 ex 2

 

Access another exercise of NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Chapter 7 – Congruence of Triangles

Exercise 7.1 Solutions

Access answers to Maths NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 7 – Congruence of Triangles Exercise 7.2

1. Which congruence criterion do you use in the following?

(a) Given: AC = DF

AB = DE

BC = EF

So, ΔABC ≅ ΔDEF

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 7

Solution:-

By SSS congruence property:- Two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are respectively equal to the three sides of the other triangle.

ΔABC ≅ ΔDEF

(b) Given: ZX = RP

RQ = ZY

∠PRQ = ∠XZY

So, ΔPQR ≅ ΔXYZ

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 8

Solution:-

By SAS congruence property:- Two triangles are congruent if the two sides and the included angle of one are respectively equal to the two sides and the included angle of the other.

ΔACB ≅ ΔDEF

(c) Given: ∠MLN = ∠FGH

∠NML = ∠GFH

∠ML = ∠FG

So, ΔLMN ≅ ΔGFH

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 9

Solution:-

By ASA congruence property:- Two triangles are congruent if the two angles and the included side of one are respectively equal to the two angles and the included side of the other.

ΔLMN ≅ ΔGFH

(d) Given: EB = DB

AE = BC

∠A = ∠C = 90o

So, ΔABE ≅ ΔACD

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 10

Solution:-

By RHS congruence property:- Two right triangles are congruent if the hypotenuse and one side of the first triangle are respectively equal to the hypotenuse and one side of the second.

ΔABE ≅ ΔACD

2. You want to show that ΔART ≅ ΔPEN,

(a) If you have to use SSS criterion, then you need to show

(i) AR = (ii) RT = (iii) AT =

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 11

Solution:-

We know that,

SSS criterion is defined as, two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are respectively equal to the three sides of the other triangle.

∴ (i) AR = PE

(ii) RT = EN

(iii) AT = PN

(b) If it is given that ∠T = ∠N and you are to use SAS criterion, you need to have

(i) RT = and (ii) PN =

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 12

Solution:-

We know that,

SAS criterion is defined as, two triangles are congruent if the two sides and the included angle of one are respectively equal to the two sides and the included angle of the other.

∴ (i) RT = EN

(ii) PN = AT

(c) If it is given that AT = PN and you are to use ASA criterion, you need to have

(i) ? (ii) ?

Solution:-

We know that,

ASA criterion is defined as, two triangles are congruent if the two angles and the included side of one are respectively equal to the two angles and the included side of the other.

Then,

(i) ∠ATR = ∠PNE

(ii) ∠RAT = ∠EPN

3. You have to show that ΔAMP ≅ ΔAMQ.

In the following proof, supply the missing reasons.

Steps

Reasons

(i) PM = QM

(i) …

(ii) ∠PMA = ∠QMA

(ii) …

(iii) AM = AM

(iii) …

(iv) ΔAMP ≅ ΔAMQ

(iv) …

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 13

Solution:-

Steps

Reasons

(i) PM = QM

(i) From the given figure

(ii) ∠PMA = ∠QMA

(ii) From the given figure

(iii) AM = AM

(iii) Common side for the both triangles

(iv) ΔAMP ≅ ΔAMQ

(iv) By SAS congruence property:- Two triangles are congruent if the two sides and the included angle of one are respectively equal to the two sides and the included angle of the other.

4. In ΔABC, ∠A = 30o, ∠B = 40o and ∠C = 110o

In ΔPQR, ∠P = 30o, ∠Q = 40o and ∠R = 110o

A student says that ΔABC ≅ ΔPQR by AAA congruence criterion. Is he justified? Why or Why not?

Solution:-

No, because the two triangles with equal corresponding angles need not be congruent. In such a correspondence, one of them can be enlarged copy of the other.

5. In the figure, the two triangles are congruent. The corresponding parts are marked. We can write ΔRAT ≅ ?

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 14

Solution:-

From the given figure,

We may observe that,

∠TRA = ∠OWN

∠TAR = ∠NOW

∠ATR = ∠ONW

Hence, ΔRAT ≅ ΔWON

6. Complete the congruence statement:

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 15

ΔBCA ≅ ΔQRS ≅

Solution:-

First consider the ΔBCA and ΔBTA

From the figure, it is given that,

BT = BC

Then,

BA is common side for the ΔBCA and ΔBTA

Hence, ΔBCA ≅ ΔBTA

Similarly,

Consider the ΔQRS and ΔTPQ

From the figure, it is given that

PT = QR

TQ = QS

PQ = RS

Hence, ΔQRS ≅ ΔTPQ

7. In a squared sheet, draw two triangles of equal areas such that

(i) The triangles are congruent.

(ii) The triangles are not congruent.

What can you say about their perimeters?

Solution:-

(ii)

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 16

In the above figure, ΔABC and ΔDEF have equal areas.

And also, ΔABC ≅ ΔDEF

So, we can say that perimeters of ΔABC and ΔDEF are equal.

(ii)

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 17

In the above figure, ΔLMN and ΔOPQ

ΔLMN is not congruent to ΔOPQ

So, we can also say that their perimeters are not same.

8. Draw a rough sketch of two triangles such that they have five pairs of congruent parts but still the triangles are not congruent.

Solution:-

Let us draw triangles LMN and FGH.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 18

In the above figure, all angles of two triangles are equal. But, out of three sides only two sides are equal.

Hence, ΔLMN is not congruent to ΔFGH.

9. If ΔABC and ΔPQR are to be congruent, name one additional pair of corresponding parts. What criterion did you use?

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 19

Solution:-

By observing the given figure, we can say that

∠ABC = ∠PQR

∠BCA = ∠PRQ

The other additional pair of corresponding part is BC = QR

∴ ΔABC ≅ ΔPQR

10. Explain, why ΔABC ≅ ΔFED

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence of Triangles Image 20

Solution:-

From the figure, it is given that,

∠ABC = ∠DEF = 90o

∠BAC = ∠DFE

BC = DE

By ASA congruence property, two triangles are congruent if the two angles and the included side of one are respectively equal to the two angles and the included side of the other.

ΔABC ≅ ΔFED


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