Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production Class 12 Notes

Food is the substance which provides all necessary nutrients in order to meet the body nutritional requirements for proper functioning of our body cells. The food which we all consume contains the required amount of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and fats.

Food production is the process mainly involved in the growing, harvesting, processing, packaging, transporting, marketing, consumption, and disposal of food products. With the increase in the population, the development of food production becomes the primary issue.

Plant breeding and animal breeding are the two main efforts to improve food production and to meet the requirements of the increasing population.

Animal husbandry

It is the practice of breeding and raising the yield of animals. It mainly deals with the care of livestock like cattle, pigs, hens, ducks, horses, sheep, camels, goats, etc., which are beneficial to humans for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, and other products. The different types involved in the management of Animal Husbandry are:

  • Animal Breeding.
  • Dairy Farm Management.
  • Poultry Farm Management.
  • Aquaculture or Pisciculture.
  • Bee-keeping or Apiculture.

Plant Breeding

It is the practice of manipulating plant species in order to obtain desirable plant traits such as more yield, pest resistance, herbicide resistance etc. There are different methods used for producing a desired variety of plants. The most common method of plant breeding are:

  • Hybridization.
  • Tissue Culture.
  • Bio fortification.
  • Mutation Breeding.
  • Somatic Hybridisation.
  • Plant Breeding for Improved Food Quality and Developing Resistance to Insect and Pests.

Few Important Questions

  • What is Tissue culture?
  • What is Poultry Farm Management.?
  • Explain Plant Breeding and Animal breeding with examples ?
  • What is apiculture? Explain its importance in food production?

Learn more about food production, animal breeding and plant breeding from the topics given below:


Practise This Question

An alga that can be employed as food for human being is