Thorough understanding of the difference between alcohols, phenols, ether, naming them according to the IUPAC system of nomenclature, the different reactions they undergo during preparation is mandatory. Phenols and alcohols can be classified as monohydric, dihydric, trihydric, polyhydric, etc. based on the number of hydroxyl groups present in their structure. When the OH group is attached to the primary carbon atom, it is called primary alcohol. When the OH group is attached to a secondary carbon atom, it is called secondary alcohol. When the OH group is attached to tertiary carbon, then it is called tertiary alcohol.
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|Classification of Alcohol, Phenol, Ether||Physical Properties of Haloalkanes|
Frequently asked Questions on CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
What are the uses of alcohols?
1. Alcoholic Drinks/drugs2. Industrial methylated spirits.3. Use of ethanol as a fuel. 4. Ethanol as a solvent. 5. Methanol as a fuel.
What are the properties of Haloalkanes?
1. Colourless/odourless 2. Hydrophobic 3. Reactive in nature 4. Undergo substitution, elimination and reduction reactions
What is a ‘Tertiary alcohol’?
A tertiary alcohol is a compound in which a hydroxy group, ‒ OH, is attached to a saturated carbon atom which has three other carbon atoms attached to it.