As the word Food comes, lots of tasty and yummy food items like pizza, dosa, sandwich, burger, idli, poori chole, omelette jumps to our mind. Think of the food items you had in your breakfast today. Sandwich? Great!!! Now let’s read, what is food?
What is Food?
We all eat vegetables, fruits; pulses, cereals and some of us eat meat, chicken and Fish. Anything we eat to live is called FOOD. We need it every day as it helps our bodies to grow well, remain healthy and give us lots of energy to perform daily work. It acts as a fuel for our body. All living beings, be it human, plants and animals, need food every day to survive. It is very much valuable and should not be wasted. Many of us waste so much food in parties and home.
There is so much variety in the food that we eat daily, but have you ever thought that what are these food items made of? Many of us love to eat Rajma (Kidney beans) for which we need Kidney beans, salt, spices, oil and so on. Check out here:
Food items and their Ingredients
|Dal|| Pulses, water, salt, oil/
Sources of Food
We have two primary sources from where we can get food
Plants are an important source of food for both humans and animals. Grains like rice and wheat, fruits and vegetables, pulses, sugar and spices comes from a variety of plants. They also provide us oils like sunflower, mustard and groundnut oil which is used as a cooking fuel. Half of the food that we eat daily comes from just two crops – rice and wheat. Rice is used to make boiled rice, idlis and dosa. Wheat is grinded to make chapattis, noodles, bread etc. Not just solid items but plants are also source of liquid items like tea and coffee.
All the parts of the plants such as stems, leaves, roots, seeds and fruits are considered to be consumable parts.
|Food Items||Plant part which gives us the ingredient|
|Carrot, turnip, radish and beetroot.||Roots|
|Sugar cane, coriander.||Stem|
|spinach, cabbage, amaranthus, curry leaves, Onion etc||Leaves|
|rice, wheat, jowar, maize, ragi, grams, peas, beans, groundnut, sesame, mustard, coconut, sunflower seed||Seeds|
|mango, guava, orange, apple, pear, grapes, banana etc||Fruits|
Animal gets us food materials like eggs, milk, meat, chicken and fish. Cow and buffalo give us milk, from chickens we get meat.
|Animals||Animal Edible Products|
|Paneer,cheese, cream,butter, curd, ghee etc.||Dairy products|
|Fish, prawns, crabs||Sea Food|
|hen, duck, sheep, goat, pig, cow||Meat|
|cows, buffaloes, goat, camel||Milk|
Food habits in human beings
Many of us eat all the vegetables but do not eat chicken, eggs and meat. Based on eating habits of human beings, they are grouped into two groups.
- Vegetarians: Human Beings who depend on plants and its products for their food. Their diet includes – grains, pulses, fruits, cereals and vegetables.
- Non-Vegetarians: Human beings who depends on animal and animal products for their food. Their diet includes – eggs, fish, meat, and poultry.
You must have understood about Food and food habits in Human Beings. Read all major nutrients of food and their importance in the next chapter of class 6 CBSE right at your desktop just by stepping into Byju’s.com.
- The temperature inside a cucumber can be up to 20 degrees cooler than room temperature.
- Apples float in water because 25% of their volume is air.
We here at Byju’s have the opinion that students should be guided with standard text books like the NCERT with important questions and answers chapterwise so that they could cross check their answers with the answers given as samples provided here- – NCERT Solutions for food where does it come from