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Chapter 4: Basic Geometrical Ideas

Exercise 4.1

Question 1:

Answer according to the figure given below

1

(a)  A line

(b) Four rays

(c)  Five points

(d) Five line segments

Answer:

(a)  \(\overleftrightarrow{CE}\)

(b)  \(\overrightarrow{AC}\), \(\overrightarrow{AB}\), \(\overrightarrow{AD}\), \(\overrightarrow{AE}\)

(c)   Five points are A, B, C, D and E.

(d)  \(\bar{ED}\),\(\bar{DA}\), \(\bar{AC}\), \(\bar{AB}\), \(\bar{CD}\)

 

Question 2

Name all the possible (twelve) lines choosing only two letters at a time from the figure given below.

4

Answer

\(\overleftrightarrow{PQ}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{QR}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{RS}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{QP}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{RQ}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{SR}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{PS}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{SP}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{PR}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{RP}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{QS}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{SQ}\)

 

 

Question 3

Answer according to the figure

3                            

(a)  Line passing through A.

(b)  Line containing point D.

(c)  Two pairs of intersecting lines.

(d)  Line on which X lies.

Answer

(a)  \(\overleftrightarrow{AD}\)

(b)  \(\overleftrightarrow{AD}\)

(c)  \(\overleftrightarrow{AD}\) and \(\overleftrightarrow{XY}\), \(\overleftrightarrow{AD}\) and \(\overleftrightarrow{ED}\).

(d)  \(\overleftrightarrow{XY}\)

 

Question 4

How many lines can pass through (i) one point (ii) two points?

Answer

(i)    There are infinite lines which can pass through one point.

(ii)    There is only one line which can pass through two given points.

 

Question 5

Draw figures with label according to the information given below

(a)  Point X lies on\(\bar{YZ}\).

(b)  \(\overleftrightarrow{AB}\) and \(\overleftrightarrow{CD}\) intersect at O.

(c)  Line m contains X and Y but not A.

(d)  \(\overleftrightarrow{TP}\) and \(\overleftrightarrow{TS}\) meet at T.

 Answer

 

(a)

4

(b)

5

(c)

6

(d)

7

 

Question 6

Consider the figure given below and answer whether the following statements are true or false.

(a)  T, Q, O, P, S are points lying on the line \(\overleftrightarrow{QP}\).

(b)  Q, O and P are points on \(\bar{QP}\).

(c)  Q and P are end points of \(\bar{QP}\).

(d)  O and P are end points on \(\bar{OS}\).

(e)  Q is one of the end points of \(\bar{TO}\).

(f)  Q is point on \(\vec{OS}\).

(g)  Ray OS is different from \(\vec{TS}\).

(h)  Ray OS is same as \(\vec{OQ}\).

(i)   Ray OQ is not opposite to \(\vec{OS}\).

(j)   O is not an initial point of \(\vec{OS}\).

(k)  P is the initial point of \(\vec{PS}\) and \(\vec{PQ}\).

Answer

(a)  True

(b)  True

(c)  True

(d)  False

(e)  False

(f)  False

(g)  True

(h)  False

(i)   False

(j)   False

(k)  True

 

 

 

 Exercise 4.2

Question 1

Answer whether the following figures are closed or open.

9

Answer

(a)  Open

(b)Closed

(c)Open

(d)Closed

(e)Closed

 

Question 2

Draw diagrams according to the given instructions

(a)  Closed  (b)Open

Answer

(a)

10
(b)

11

 

Question 3

Draw a polygon and color its interior part.

Answer

12

 

 

Question 4

Is the given figure curve and closed?

13

Answer

Yes, it is curve

Yes, it is closed.

 

 

 

 

Exercise 4.3

Question 1

Give the name of the angles in the given figure

14

Answer

\(\angle CDA\), \(\angle DAB\), \(\angle ABC\), \(\angle BCD\)

 

Question 2

Name the point(s) in the figure given below

15

(a)  Interior angle of\(\angle POS\)

(b)Exterior angle of \(\angle ROT\)

(c)On \(\angle ROT\)

Answer

(a)Q

(b)U, Q, P

(c)R, S, T, O

 

Question 3

Draw diagrams having two angles such that they have

(a)One point common

(b)Two points common

(c)Three points common

(d)Four points common

(e)One ray common

Answer

(a)

16

\(\angle QOS\) and \(\angle POR\) have O common point.

 

(b)

17

\(\angle ZOY\) and \(\angle YOX\) have O and Y common points.

 

(c)

18

\(\angle YOX\) and \(\angle YOZ\) have Y, W and O common points.

 

(d)

19

\(\angle COP\) and \(\angle COQ\) have C, B, A and O common points.

 

(e)

20

Ray \(\vec{OR}\) is common between \(\angle QOR\) and \(\angle POR\).

 

 

Exercise 4.4

 Question 1:

 Draw a sketch of triangle PQR. Mark a point A interior and a point B in its exterior. Is the point Q is in its interior or in its exterior?

Answer:

21

Point Q lies on the \(\Delta PQR\) .

 

Question 2:

 Draw a sketch of triangle XYZ. Mark a point L interior and a point M in its exterior. Is the point L is in its interior or in its exterior?

Answer:

22

Point L lies on the interior of the triangle.

 



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3 Comments

  1. Akshar Akshar
    April 21, 2018    

    All solutions are not given

  2. V K SHARMA V K SHARMA
    April 21, 2018    

    good for dtudents

  3. kashish chhabria kashish chhabria
    March 23, 2018    

    it is very nice they called me i spoke to them about ncert

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