NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Civics Social Science Chapter 3 How The State Government Works

NCERT Book Solutions Class 7 Social and Political Life – II Chapter 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics Chapter 3, help students in framing the answers for the exercise questions. The answers are provided by our experienced faculty and cover all the key topics. Referring to these solutions, will give students an idea of how to express answers in the exams. This further helps in increasing the scores of the students in the Social Science subject. So, download NCERT Solutions in PDF format and start preparing for the exam.

Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics PDF below.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics (Social and Political Life – II) Chapter 3 How the State Government Works:- Download PDF Here

NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works 1
NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works 2

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 – How the State Government Works

The solutions for Chapter 3, How the State Government Works are given below. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for other subjects.

1. Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?

Solution: In accordance with the population, a state is divided into constituencies. For representation in the Legislative Assembly, every constituency elects one representative who shoulders the responsibility of representing his/her constituency at the national level. These representatives are called MLAs or Members of Legislative Assembly, and are elected through a general election. They could be part of a political party or can also be independent candidates. They also have the additional responsibility of presenting the needs and demands of their constituency at the Legislative Assembly.

2. How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain

Solution: The party, which gets the majority votes in the general elections, forms the government. As per constitutional norms, the ruling party elects its leader as the Chief Minister of the respective state. Upon the election of a Chief Minister, he/she constitutes a cabinet with members of his/her party included. This is done in consultation with the Governor of the state. Once the MLAs are ordained as ministers through the formation of the cabinet, they are allotted portfolios such as health, law, education, etc. Thus, they become responsible for the portfolio allotted to him/her.

3. Why should the decisions taken by the Chief Ministers and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?

Solution: Every decision taken by the Chief Minister and his/her cabinet, must be debated upon the Legislative Assembly to ensure that the decision being taken is in the best interest of the common people at large. Also, discussed is the level of priority the said decision must be given, the subsequent cost of implementing it and whether, such a decision will earn the objections of any particular community.

4. What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussions/actions were taken by the following? Fill in the table.

Public meeting
Legislative Assembly
Press conference
Chief Minister


Public meeting Condemned the government, carried out protests and put forth their demand
Legislative Assembly Discussed the issue and decided the course of action
Press Conference The health minister presented the plan of action initiated by the Govt
Chief Minister Visited the village of Patalpuram, announced compensation to the affected families, also clarified the future action that will be taken to solve the problem

5. What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?

Solution: The core difference between the work done by MLAs in the assembly and the government departments is that every government department is headed by a minister, who is also an MIA. The minister approves any work done or proposed by the department. The department is responsible for the completion of the work, while the MLAs coordinate between the Legislative Assembly and the various government machinery that will be involved in the completion of any projects undertaken.

How the State Government Works Summary

The NCERT Class 7 Social and Political Life – II Chapter 3 talks about the following topics:

  1. Who is an MLA?
  2. A debate in the Legislative Assembly
  3. Working of the government

Social and Political Life – II is an important book for Class 7 Social Science subject. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science is given in the linked article.


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