NCERT Book Solutions Class 7 Social and Political Life – II Chapter 4
Students can find the answers to the exercise questions of Chapter 4 in NCERT Solutions Class 7 Civics Chapter 4 Growing up as Boys and Girls. These answers not only help in providing solutions to a particular question, but also help students in understanding the topic in detail. The solutions are created by our subject experts following in-depth analysis on the syllabus and are as per the NCERT book. Students, aiming to score high marks in the exam must go through these solutions.
Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics PDF below.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics (Social and Political Life – II) Chapter 4 Growing up as Boys and Girls:- Download PDF Here
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics Chapter 4 – Growing up as Boys and Girls
The solutions for chapter 4, Growing up as Boys and Girls are given below. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for other subjects.
1. Are the statements given alongside true or false? Support your answer with the use of an example –
(a) All societies do not think similarly about the roles that boys and girls play
(b) Our society does not make a distinction between boys and girls when they are growing up
(c) Women who stay at home do not work
(d) The work that women do is less valued
Solution: (a) True. More importance is given to the work done by boys instead of the ones done by girls.
(b) False. Right from the outset of their growing phase, our society makes it a point to distinguish between boys and girls. From an early age, boys are taught to be tough and serious while girls are taught to be coy and soft. Toys like guns and cars are given for boys to play, while girls will be given dolls.
(c)False. A woman who stays at home does housework. A lot of it. They wash clothes, sweep, clean, cook food and pretty much keep the entire house in order.
(d) True. Despite the fact that women do a lot of work, their work goes undervalued. Part of the reason why is that because there is no monetary value attached to it, there is social conditioning that household work comes naturally to women and that it is expected of them.
2. Housework is invisible and unpaid work
Housework is physically demanding
Housework is time-consuming
Write in your own words what is meant by the terms ‘invisible’, ‘physically demanding’, and ‘time consuming’? Give one example of each based on the household tasks undertaken by women in your home.
i. Invisible. It means the work does not happen in our immediate presence. The primary responsibility for housework and care-giving tasks such as taking care of children and the elderly lies with women. Due to the fact that they are not acknowledged as work, it remains invisible.
ii. Physically demanding. House work is very tough and difficult. Women do a lot of heavy-duty work like washing the clothes of the entire family, gathering and carrying heavy loads of firewood among others.
iii. Time-consuming. Household chores take up a lot of time. For example, women’s routine begins from early morning and continues up to late at night. During this period they are seen busy fulfilling the tasks of their family members. At times, the time consumed in finishing the chores depends on the size of the family. The larger the family, the longer it takes for completion.
3. Make a list of toys and games that boys typically play and another for girls. If there is a difference between the two lists, can you think of some reasons why this is so? Does this have any relationship to the roles children have to play as adults?
Solution: List of toys and games that boys play with:
- Action figures
- Sports items like football, volleyball, cricket, basketball, etc.
List of toys and games girls play with:
- Cooking items
- Fashion Toys
It is clear from the list above that society makes a distinction between boys and girls, apparent right from their growing phase itself. Boys are taught to be tough and strong, which highlights their manly features but girls are expected to remain in the confines of their feminine virtues. In the end, it pushes home the message that they have specific roles to play when they grow up into adult men and women. Later in life, this may even have adverse effects when it comes to choosing careers.
4. If you someone working as a domestic help in your house or locality talk to her and find out a little bit more about her life – Who are her family members? Where is her home? How many hours does she work? How much does she get paid? Write a small story based on these details.
Solution: Shanthi has been working in my house for several years as a domestic help. She hails from a village on the Karnataka – Tamil Nadu border. She lives here in Bangalore with her husband and a daughter in her early twenties, who is currently pursuing B.com from a reputed institute.
She comes at around 7.30 in the morning and gets done for the day by 6:00 in the evening. She does her work with diligence and skill, never even once making a fuss or complaining about the work she does.
She gets Rs.5000/- per month with all other amenities like food, clothing etc. Her husband is involved in making wax mannequins for clothing stores which also earns him a handsome amount every day. Thus, Shanthi is leading a happy and fruitful life with us and her family members.
Growing up as Boys and Girls Summary
The NCERT Class 7 Social and Political Life – II Chapter 4 talks about the following topics:
- Growing up in Samoa in the 1920s
- Growing up male in Madhya Pradesh in the 1960s
- Lives of domestic workers
- Women’s work and equality
Social and Political Life – II is an important book for Class 7 Social Science subject. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science is given in the linked article.