Gender Equality Essay

500+ Words Gender Equality Essay

Every citizen has the right to live his/her life according to their wish without any discrimination. It can be achieved when all individuals are considered equal irrespective of caste, religion, language, colour, profession, status and sex. The most prominent discrimination that we observe is gender inequality. Even in many developed countries, we see several examples of gender bias, which need to be urgently addressed. Gender equality can only be achieved when both males and females are treated equally. With the help of this essay on Gender Equality, students will know what gender equality is and how it can be achieved in society. This essay will also provide an overview of different types of problems women face due to gender discrimination.

Gender Equality

Gender Equality refers to equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities for both women and men. It implies that the interests, needs and priorities of both women and men are taken into consideration, recognizing the diversity of different groups of women and men. Worldwide, women’s fundamental rights continue to be violated, and they face discrimination in access to education, work, social protection, inheritance, economic assets, productive resources, participation in decision-making and society. Women spend two to ten times more time on unpaid work than men, which is one of the main obstacles to economic and political empowerment.

Persistent differences and disparities between men and women have negative implications on society as a whole. Women represent half the resources and half the potential in any society. This potential remains unrealized when women are constrained by inequality and discrimination. Many gender disparities emerge in early childhood and intensify in adolescence. Girls are deprived of access to health care or proper nutrition, leading to a higher mortality rate. As they move into the age of adolescence, gender disparities widen. Child marriage affects girls far more than boys. Globally, nearly 15 million girls under age 18 are married every year. It’s difficult for them to access education. Girls still face barriers to enter in primary and secondary school. The lack of education provided limits access to skills and jobs in good organizations and at reputed posts.

How To Achieve Gender Equality in India

Women’s and girls’ education is a vital component that helps in Gender Equality. By obtaining proper education, the door to many new opportunities will open up for women. They get skilled and can easily find employment. Employment will empower them and give them financial independence, alternative sources of social identity, and exposure to power structures independent of kin networks. It will give them the independence to make decisions of their own choice. The path of gender equality can be further reduced at work by reducing the gender pay, earnings and pension gaps.

Another crucial step towards Gender Equality is eliminating all forms of violence against women and girls in public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation. Apart from it, it is essential to eliminate all harmful practices by society, such as abortion of girl child, early and forced marriage, dowry system etc. We should try to make our environment and surroundings more safe and healthy for women and girls.

Women should try to come into power through leadership roles in all sectors. This will increase the presence of women in different fields and motivate other women and girls. Power in the hands of women will ensure their full and effective participation at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life. Women equal rights to economic resources also promotes Gender Equality. They get access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance, and natural resources through this right.

India ranks 112 in the Global Gender Gap index among 153 countries. Due to this, the Government has also taken various steps to promote Gender Equality. They launch various women empowerment schemes such as Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme, One Stop Centre Scheme, Women Helpline Scheme, UJJAWALA, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, National Mission for Empowerment of Women etc.

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Frequently asked Questions on Gender equality Essay

What are the main indexes to measure Gender Inequality?

1. Reproductive health 2. Empowerment 3. Labour market

How can we improve gender equality?

1. Educate girls 2. Allow women to have equal economics rights 3. Avoid violence and sexual harrasement against women 4. Spread awareness about child marriage

How to help children understand about this issue?

1. Treat boys and girls equally in schools 2. Students must be taught how to mutually respect each other

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