#### Exercise 4.3

**Q.1) In a \(\Delta\) ABC, AD is the bisector of \(\angle\) A , meeting side BC at D.**

**(i) if BD = 2.5 cm, AB = 5 cm, and AC = 4.2 cm, find DC.**

**(ii) if BD = 2 cm, AB = 5 cm, and DC = 3 cm, find AC.**

**(iii) if AB = 3.5 cm, AC = 4.2 cm, and DC = 2.8 cm, find BD.**

**(iv) if AB = 10 cm, AC = 14 cm, and BC = 6 cm, find BD and DC.**

**(v) if AC = 4.2 cm, DC = 6 cm, and BC = 10 cm, find AB.**

**(vi) if AB = 5.6 cm, BC = 6 cm, and DC = 3 cm, find BC.**

**(vii) if AB = 5.6 cm, BC = 6 cm, and BD = 3.2 cm, find AC.**

**(viii) if AB = 10 cm, AC = 6 cm, and BC = 12 cm, find BD and DC.**

** **

**Sol:**

**(i)** It is given that BD = 2.5 cm, AB = 5 cm, and AC = 4.2 cm.

In \(\Delta\)

We need to find DC,

Since, AD is \(\angle\)

Then, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{2.5}{DC}\)

\(\frac{5}{4.2} = \frac{2.5}{DC}\)

5DC = 4.2 x 2.5

DC = (4.2 x 2.5)/5

**DC = 2.1**

** **

**(ii)** It is given that BD = 2 cm, AB = 5 cm, and DC = 3 cm

In \(\Delta\)

We need to find AC.

Since, AD is \(\angle\)

Therefore, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

Then, \(\frac{5}{AC} = \frac{2}{3}\)

2AC = 5 x 3

AC = 15/2

**AC = 7.5 cm**

**(iii)** It is given that AB = 3.5 cm, AC = 4.2 cm, and DC = 2.8 cm

In \(\Delta\)

We need to find BD.

Since, AD is \(\angle\)

Therefore, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

Then, \(\frac{3.5}{4.2} = \frac{BD}{2.8}\)

BD = (3.5 x 2.8)/4.2

BD = 7/3

**BD = 2.3 cm**

**(iv)** It is given that AB = 10 cm, AC = 14 cm, and BC = 6 cm

In \(\Delta\)

We need to find BD and DC.

Since, AD is bisector of \(\angle\)

Therefore, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

Then, \(\frac{10}{14} = \frac{x}{6 -x}\)

14x = 60 – 6x

20x = 60

x = 60/20

**BD = 3 cm and DC = 3 cm.**

** **

** (v)** It is given that AC = 4.2 cm, DC = 6 cm, and BC = 10 cm.

In \(\Delta\)

We need to find out AB,

Since, AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)

Therefore, \(\frac{AC}{AB} = \frac{DC}{BD}\)

Then, \(\frac{4.2}{AB} = \frac{6}{4}\)

6AB = 4.2 x 4

AB = (4.2 x 4)/6

AB = 16.8/6

**AB = 2.8 cm**

**(vi)** It is given that AB = 5.6 cm, BC = 6 cm, and DC = 3 cm

In \(\Delta\)

We need to find BC,

Since, AD is the \(\angle\)

Therefore, \(\frac{AC}{AB} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

Then, \(\frac{6}{5.6} = \frac{3}{DC}\)

DC = 2.8 cm

And, BC = 2.8 + 3

**BC = 5.8 cm**

**(vii)** It is given that AB = 5.6 cm, BC = 6 cm, and BD = 3.2 cm

In \(\Delta\)

Therefore, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

\(\frac{5.6}{AC} = \frac{3.2}{2.8}\)

AC = (5.6 x 2.8)/3.2

**AC = 4.9 cm**

**(viii)** It is given that AB = 10 cm, AC = 6 cm, and BC = 12 cm

In \(\Delta\)

We need to find BD and DC

Since, AD is bisector of \(\angle\)

So, \(\frac{AC}{AB} = \frac{DC}{BD}\)

Let BD = x cm

Then,

\(\frac{6}{10} = \frac{12 – x}{x}\)

6x = 120 – 10x

16x = 120

x = 120/16

x = 7.5

Now, DC = 12 – BD

DC = 12 – 7.5

DC = 4.5

**BD = 7.5 cm and DC = 4.5 cm**.

**Q2.) AE is the bisector of the exterior \(\angle\)CAD meeting BC produced in E. If AB = 10 cm, AC = 6 cm, and BC = 12 cm, Find CE.**

**Sol:**

It is given that AE is the bisector of the exterior \(\angle\)

Meeting BC produced E and AB = 10 cm, AC = 6 cm, and BC = 12 cm.

Since AE is the bisector of the exterior \(\angle\)

So, \(\frac{BE}{CE} = \frac{AB}{AC}\)

\(\frac{12 + x}{x} = \frac{10}{x}\)

72 + 6x = 10x

4x = 72

x = 18

**CE = 18 cm**

**Q.3) \(\Delta\) ABC is a triangle such that \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\), \(\angle\)B = 70, \(\angle\)C = 50, find \(\angle\)BAD.**

**Sol:**

It is given that in \(\Delta\)

We need to find \(\angle\)

In \(\Delta\)

\(\angle\)

= 180 – 120

= 60

Since, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

Therefore, AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)

**Hence, \(\angle\)BAD = 60/2 = 30**

**Q.4) Check whether AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)A of \(\Delta\)ABC in each of the following :**

**(i) AB = 5 cm, AC = 10 cm, BD = 1.5 cm and CD = 3.5 cm**

**(ii) AB = 4 cm, AC = 6 cm, BD = 1.6 cm and CD = 2.4 cm **

**(iii) AB = 8 cm, AC = 24 cm, BD = 6 cm and BC = 24 cm**

**(iv) AB = 6 cm, AC = 8 cm, BD = 1.5 cm and CD = 2 cm**

**(v) AB = 5 cm, AC = 12 cm, BD = 2.5 cm and BC = 9 cm** ** **

**Sol: **

**(i)** It is given that AB = 5 cm, AC = 10 cm, BD = 1.5 cm and CD = 3.5 cm

We have to check whether AD is bisector of \(\angle\)

First we will check proportional ratio between sides.

Now,

\(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{5}{10} = \frac{1}{2} \)

\(\frac{BD}{CD} = \frac{1.5}{3.5} = \frac{3}{7} \)

Since, \(\frac{AB}{AC} \neq \frac{BD}{CD}\)

**Hence, AD is not the bisector of \(\angle\) A.**

**(ii)** It is given that AB = 4 cm, AC = 6 cm, BD = 1.6 cm and CD = 2.4 cm.

We have to check whether AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)

First we will check proportional ratio between sides.

So, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

\(\frac{4}{6} = \frac{1.6}{2.4}\)

\(\frac{2}{3} = \frac{2}{3}\)

**Hence, AD is the bisector of \(\angle\) A.**

**(iii)** It is given that AB = 8 cm, AC = 24 cm, BD = 6 cm and BC = 24 cm.

We have to check whether AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)

First we will check proportional ratio between sides.

DC = BC – BD

DC = 24 – 6

DC = 18

So, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

\(\frac{8}{24} = \frac{6}{18}\)

\(\frac{1}{3} = \frac{1}{3}\)

**Hence, AD is the bisector of \(\angle\) A.**

**(iv)** It is given that AB = 6 cm, AC = 8 cm, BD = 1.5 cm and CD = 2 cm.

We have to check whether AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)

First, we will check proportional ratio between sides.

So, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

\(\frac{6}{8} = \frac{1.5}{2}\)

\(\frac{3}{4} = \frac{3}{4}\)

**Hence, AD is the bisector of \(\angle\) A.**

**(v)** It is given that AB = 5 cm, AC = 12 cm, BD = 2.5 cm and BC = 9 cm.

We have to check whether AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)

First, we will check proportional ratio between sides.

So, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{5}{12}\)

\(\frac{BD}{CD} = \frac{2.5}{9} = \frac{5}{18} \)

Since, \(\frac{AB}{AC} \neq \frac{BD}{CD}\)

**Hence, AD is not the bisector of \(\angle\) A.**

**Q.5) In fig. AD bisects \(\angle\)A, AB = 12 cm, AC = 20 cm, and BD = 5 cm, determine CD.**

**Soln.:** It is given that AD bisects \(\angle\)

AB = 12 cm, AC = 20 cm, and BD = 5 cm.

We need to find CD.

Since AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)

then, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

\(\frac{12}{20} = \frac{5}{DC}\)

12 x DC = 20 x 5

DC = 100/12

DC = 8.33 cm

**∴ CD = 8.33 cm.**

** **

**Q6.) **In \(\Delta\)

** Sol:** We need to prove that, \(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)

In \(\Delta\)

\(\angle\)

So, AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)

Therefore,

**\(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{DC}\)**

** **

**Q.7) D and E are the points on sides BC, CA and AB respectively. of a \(\Delta\)ABC such that AD bisects \(\angle\)A, BE bisects \(\angle\)B and CF bisects \(\angle\)C. If AB = 5 cm, BC = 8 cm, and CA = 4 cm, determine AF, CE, and BD.**

**Sol:**

It is given that AB = 5 cm, BC = 8 cm and CA = 4 cm.

We need to find out, AF, CE and BD.

Since, AD is the bisector of \(\angle\)

\(\frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{BD}{CD}\)

Then,

\(\frac{5}{4} = \frac{BD}{BC – BD}\)

\(\frac{5}{4} = \frac{BD}{8 – BD}\)

40 – 5BD = 4 BD

9BD = 40

So, BD = 40/9

Since, BE is the bisector of \(\angle\)

So, \(\frac{AB}{BC} = \frac{AE}{EC}\)

\(\frac{AB}{BC} = \frac{AC – EC}{EC}\)

\(\frac{5}{8} = \frac{4 – CE}{CE}\)

5CE = 32 – 8CE

5CE + 8CE = 32

13CE = 32

So, CE = \(\frac{32}{13}\)

Now, since, CF is the bisector of \(\angle\)

So, \(\frac{BC}{CA} = \frac{BF}{AF}\)

\(\frac{8}{4} = \frac{AB – AF}{AF}\)

\(\frac{8}{4} = \frac{5 – AF}{AF}\)

8AF = 20 – 4AF

12AF = 20

So, 3AF = 5

**AF = 5/3 cm, CE = 32/12 cm**

**and BD = 40/9 cm**