Rangoli Essay

Rangoli is a very popular folk art that has several religious connotations across India. Rangoli is an art form in India in which patterns are created on the floor in living rooms or courtyards using materials such as coloured rice, dry flour, coloured sand or flower petals. Rangoli competitions are one of the most popular activities during festivals. Rangoli is a spiritual distribution of colours and is considered as a sign of good luck. Most of the rangoli designs maintain symmetry, like a yin and yang symbol or a swastika. These symmetrical designs created as rangoli are considered as a symbol of prosperity, luck and growth. This Rangoli essay will help students to understand this folk art, design and pattern.

Students can also go through the list of CBSE Essays on different topics. It will help them to improve their writing skills and also increase their scores in the English exam. Moreover, they can participate in different essay writing competitions which are conducted at the school level.

500+ Words Rangoli Essay

Rangoli is one of the most beautiful and most pleasing art forms of India. Rangoli is the part of floor decoration and an expression of the creative self often viewed as a form of self-portraiture. It is a traditional form of welcoming good luck. The emergence of this creative art can be attributed to Hindu mythological literature works. The word rangoli is a derivation of the Sanskrit word ‘rangavalli, and it is comprised of two words, ‘rang’ meaning ‘colour’ and ‘aavalli’ meaning coloured creepers’ or ‘row of colours’. And it signifies a creative expression of art by means of colours. Rangoli is also considered a lucky omen. Its popularity has remained unaffected over the years.

Different Names of Rangoli

India is a big country & land of many languages, and hence, this rangoli art form has different names in different regions. It is known as Sathiya in Gujarat, Kolam in Tamilnadu, Muggulu in Andhra Pradesh, Rangavali in Karnataka, Chowkpurana in Northern India, Mandana in Rajasthan, Aripana in Bihar, Alpana in Bengal, Chita or Osa in Orissa, Aipan in the Himalayan region and so on. In fact, the term rangoli, as the art is known in Maharashtra, is a synonym for any kind of Indian floor art.

The women of India have kept the art of rangoli alive. The tradition is passed down in families from mother to daughter, thus maintaining continuity. No brush or tool of any kind intervenes between the hand of the artist and the ground. This direct contact of the finger, powder or paste and ground allows the direct translation from her inner vision and experience into visible form. The designs drawn range from geometrical diagrams to curvilinear patterns or those inspired by nature.

Significance of Rangoli

The creation of rangoli patterns in ritualistic and domestic settings are layered with meanings rooted deeply in culture. The significance of rangoli is much wider than the aesthetic and decorative purpose. Besides being a symbol of auspiciousness, it is often described as magic diagrams for rituals to ward off evil, invoke the deity, create a sacred space within the confines of home and many more. These are to be drawn every morning or in the evening and at each ceremony of life, from birth to death.


The art of rangoli is a storehouse of symbols. Beginning with the auspicious dot, the symbols go on expanding to form a line and the basic geometrical shapes like the circle, triangle, square and so on, each having its own significance. The symbolic value represents the basic energies of the universe.

Students must have found this “Rangoli” essay useful for improving their essay writing skills. They can get the study material and latest update on CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive Exams, at BYJU’S.

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