Rangoli is a very popular folk art that has several connotations across India. It is an art form in India in which patterns are created on the floor in living rooms or courtyards using materials such as coloured rice, dry flour, coloured sand or flower petals. Rangoli competitions are one of the most popular activities during festivals. Rangoli is a spiritual distribution of colours and is considered a sign of good luck. Most of the rangoli designs maintain symmetry, like a yin and yang symbol or a swastika. These symmetrical designs created as rangoli are considered a symbol of prosperity, luck and growth. This Rangoli essay will help students to understand this folk art, design and pattern.
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500+ Words Rangoli Essay
Rangoli is one of the most beautiful and pleasing art forms in India. It is a part of floor decoration and an expression of the creative self, often viewed as a form of self-portraiture. Rangoli is a traditional form of welcoming good luck. The emergence of this creative art can be attributed to some mythological literature works. The word ‘rangoli’ is a derivation of the Sanskrit word ‘rangavalli, and it is comprised of two words, ‘rang’ meaning ‘colour’ and ‘aavalli’ meaning ‘coloured creepers’ or ‘row of colours’. And it signifies a creative expression of art by means of colours. Rangoli is also considered a lucky omen. Its popularity has remained unaffected over the years.
Different Names of Rangoli
India is a big country and land of many languages, and hence, this rangoli art form has different names in different regions. It is known as Sathiya in Gujarat, Kolam in Tamilnadu, Muggulu in Andhra Pradesh, Rangavali in Karnataka, Chowkpurana in some parts of Northern India, Mandana in Rajasthan, Aripana in Bihar, Alpana in Bengal, Chita or Osa in Orissa, Aipan in the Himalayan region and so on. In fact, the term rangoli, as the art is known in Maharashtra, is a synonym for any kind of Indian floor art.
The people of India have kept the art of rangoli alive. The tradition is passed down in families, thus maintaining continuity. No brush or tool of any kind intervenes between the hand of the artist and the ground. This direct contact of the finger, powder or paste and ground allows the direct translation from her inner vision and experience into visible form. The designs drawn range from geometrical diagrams to curvilinear patterns or those inspired by nature.
Significance of Rangoli
The creation of rangoli patterns in ritualistic and domestic settings is layered with meanings rooted deeply in culture. Its significance is much wider than its aesthetic and decorative purpose. Besides being a symbol of auspiciousness, it is often described as magic diagrams for rituals to ward off evil, invoke the deity, create a sacred space within the confines of home and many more. These are to be drawn every morning or in the evening and at ceremonies.
The art of rangoli is a storehouse of symbols. Beginning with the auspicious dot, the symbols go to expand to form a line, and the basic geometrical shapes like the circle, triangle, square and so on, each having its own significance. The symbolic value represents the basic energies of the universe.
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