NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 14 Mathematical Reasoning, contains solutions for all Miscellaneous Exercise questions. Students can practice these questions and improve their reasoning skills. The CBSE class 11 Maths NCERT Solutions can be considered as the best bet for improving the scores. Download NCERT Maths Solutions of Class 11 and practice offline.

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Exercise 14.1 Solutions : 2 Questions

Exercise 14.2 Solutions : 3 Questions

Exercise 14.3 Solutions : 4 Questions

Exercise 14.4 Solutions : 4 Questions

Exercise 14.5 Solutions : 5 Questions

#### Access Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 14 Miscellaneous Exercise

**1. Write the negation of the following statements:**

**(i) p: For every positive real number x, the number x – 1 is also positive.**

**(ii) q: All cats scratch.**

**(iii) r: For every real number x, either x > 1 or x < 1.**

**(iv) s: There exists a number x such that 0 < x < 1.**

**Solution:**

(i) The negation of statement p is given below

There exists a positive real number x, such that x – 1 is not positive

(ii) The negation of statement q is given below

There exists a cat which does not scratch.

(iii) The negation of statement r is given below

There exists a real number x, such that neither x > 1 nor x < 1

(iv) The negation of statement s is given below

There does not exist a number x, such that 0 < x < 1

**2. State the converse and contrapositive of each of the following statements:**

**(i) p: A positive integer is prime only if it has no divisors other than 1 and itself.**

**(ii) q: I go to a beach whenever it is a sunny day.**

**(iii) r: If it is hot outside, then you feel thirsty.**

**Solution:**

(i) Statement p can be written in the form ‘if then’ is as follows

If a positive integer is prime, then it has no divisors other than 1 and itself

The converse of the statement is given below

If a positive integer has no divisors other than 1 and itself, then it is prime.

The contrapositive of the statement is given below

If a positive integer has divisors other than 1 and itself, then it is not prime.

(ii) The given statement can be written as follows

If it is a sunny day, then I go to a beach.

The converse of the statement is given below

If I go to a beach, then it is a sunny day.

The contrapositive of the statement is given below

If I do not go to a beach, then it is not a sunny day.

(iii) The converse of statement r is given below

If you feel thirsty, then it is hot outside.

The contrapositive of statement r is given below

If you do not feel thirsty, then it is not hot outside.

**3. Write each of the statements in the form “if p, then q”.**

**(i) p: It is necessary to have a password to log on to the server.**

**(ii) q: There is traffic jam whenever it rains.**

**(iii) r: You can access the website only if you pay a subscription fee.**

**Solution:**

(i) The statement p in the form ‘if then’ is as follows

If you log on to the server, then you have a password.

(ii) The statement q in the form ‘if then’ is as follows

If it rains, then there is a traffic jam.

(iii) The statement r in the form ‘if then’ is as follows

If you can access the website, then you pay a subscription fee.

**4. Re write each of the following statements in the form “ p if and only if q”.**

**(i) p: If you watch television, then your mind is free and if your mind is free, then you watch television.**

**(ii) q: For you to get an A grade, it is necessary and sufficient that you do all the homework regularly.**

**(iii) r: If a quadrilateral is equiangular, then it is a rectangle and if a quadrilateral is a rectangle, then it is equiangular.**

**Solution:**

(i) You watch television if and only if your mind is free

(ii) You get an A grade if and only if you do all the homework regularly

(iii) A quadrilateral is equiangular if only if it is a rectangle

**5. Given below are two statements**

*p*:* 25 is a multiple of 5.*

*q: 25 is a multiple of 8.*

**Write the compound statements connecting these two statements with “And” and “Or”. In both cases check the validity of the compound statement.**

** Solution:**

The compound statement with ‘And’ is as follows

25 is a multiple of 5 and 8

This is false statement because 25 is not a multiple of 8

The compound statement with ‘Or’ is as follows

25 is a multiple of 5 or 8

This is true statement because 25 is not a multiple of 8 but it is a multiple of 5

**6. Check the validity of the statements given below by the method given against it.**

**(i) p: The sum of an irrational number and a rational number is irrational (by contradiction method).**

**(ii) q: If n is a real number with n > 3, then n^{2} > 9 (by contradiction method).**

**Solution:**

(i) The given statement is as follows

p: The sum of an irrational number and a rational number is irrational.

Let us assume that the statement p is false. That is,

The sum of an irrational number and a rational number is rational.

Hence,

where **√**a is irrational and b, c, d, e are integers.

∴ d / e – b / c = **√**a

But here, d / e – b / c is a rational number and **√**a is an irrational number

This is a contradiction. Hence, our assumption is false.

∴ The sum of an irrational number and a rational number is rational.

Hence, the given statement is true.

(ii) The given statement q is as follows

If n is a real number with n > 3, then n^{2} > 9

Let us assume that n is a real number with n > 3, but n^{2} > 9 is not true

i.e. n^{2} < 9

So, n > 3 and n is a real number

By squaring both sides, we get

n^{2} > (3)^{2}

This implies that n^{2} > 9 which is a contradiction, since we have assumed that n^{2} < 9

Therefore, the given statement is true i.e., if n is a real number with n > 3, then n^{2} > 9

**7. Write the following statement in five different ways, conveying the same meaning.**

*p: If triangle is equiangular, then it is an obtuse angled triangle.*

**Solution:**

The given statement can be written in five different ways is given below

(i) A triangle is equiangular implies that it is an obtuse angled triangle

(ii) A triangle is equiangular only if the triangle is an obtuse angled triangle

(iii) For a triangle to be equiangular, it is necessary that the triangle is an obtuse angled triangle

(iv) For a triangle to be an obtuse angled triangle, it is sufficient that the triangle is equiangular.

(v) If a triangle is not an obtuse angled triangle, then the triangle is not equiangular.