RD Sharma Solutions for Class 10 Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles Exercise 15.3

RD Sharma Class 10 Solutions Chapter 15 Ex 15.3 PDF Free Download

Another special part of a circular region is known as the segment of a circle. In this exercise, students will be tested with problems about the segment of a circle and its area. The RD Sharma Solutions Class 10 can be used by students to learn the correct method of solving problems explained in a simple language. In addition, students can also download the RD Sharma Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles Exercise 15.3 PDF provided below.

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 10 Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles Exercise 15.3 Download PDF

 

rd sharma solutions class 10 chapter 15 exercise 3
rd sharma solutions class 10 chapter 15 exercise 3
rd sharma solutions class 10 chapter 15 exercise 3
rd sharma solutions class 10 chapter 15 exercise 3

 

Access RD Sharma Solutions for Class 10 Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles Exercise 15.3

1. AB is a chord of a circle with centre O and radius 4 cm. AB is of length 4 cm and divides the circle into two segments. Find the area of the minor segment. 

Solution:

R D Sharma Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles ex 15.3 - 1

Given,

Radius of the circle with centre ‘O’, r = 4 cm = OA = OB

Length of the chord AB = 4 cm

So, OAB is an equilateral triangle and angle AOB = 60°

Thus, the angle subtended at centre θ = 60°

Area of the minor segment = (Area of sector) – (Area of triangle AOB)

R D Sharma Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles ex 15.3 - 2

= (8π/3 – 4√3) = 8.37 – 6.92 = 1.45 cm2

Therefore, the required area of the segment is (8π/3 – 4√3) cm2 

 

2. A chord PQ of length 12 cm subtends an angle 120o at the centre of a circle. Find the area of the minor segment cut off by the chord PQ. 

Solution:

R D Sharma Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles ex 15.3 - 3

Given, ∠POQ = 120o and PQ = 12 cm 

Draw OV ⊥ PQ,

PV = PQ × (0.5) = 12 × 0.5 = 6 cm

Since, ∠POV = 120o 

∠POV = ∠QOV = 60o

In triangle OPQ, we have 

sin θ = PV/ OA

sin 60o = 6/ OA

√3/2 = 6/ OA

OA = 12/ √3 = 4√3 = r

Now, using the above we shall find the area of the minor segment

We know that,

Area of the segment = area of sector OPUQO – area of △OPQ

= θ/360 x πr2 – ½ x PQ x OV

= 120/360 x π(4√3)2 – ½ x 12 x 2√3

= 16π – 12√3 = 4(4π – 3√3)

Therefore, the area of the minor segment = 4(4π – 3√3) cm2

3. A chord of a circle of radius 14 cm makes a right angle at the centre. Find the areas of the minor and major segments of the circle. 

Solution:

R D Sharma Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles ex 15.3 - 4

Given,

Radius (r) = 14 cm

Angle subtended by the chord with the centre of the circle, θ = 90°

Area of minor segment = θ/360 x πr2 – ½ x r2 sin θ

= 90/360 x π(14)2 – ½ x 142 sin (90)

= ¼ x (22/7) (14)2 – 7 x 14

= 56 cm2

Area of circle = πr2

= 22/7 x (14)2 = 616 cm2

Thus,

The area of the major segment = Area of circle – Area of the minor segment

= 616 – 56

= 560 cm2

4. A chord 10 cm long is drawn in a circle whose radius is 5√2 cm. Find the area of both the segments.

Solution:

R D Sharma Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles ex 15.3 - 5

Given,

Radius of the circle, r = 5√2 cm = OA = OB

Length of the chord AB = 10 cm

In triangle OAB,

R D Sharma Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Areas Related To Circles ex 15.3 - 6

We see that the Pythagoras theorem is satisfied.

So, OAB is a right angle triangle.

Angle subtended by the chord with the centre of the circle, θ = 90°

Area of minor segment = area of sector – area of triangle

= θ/360 × πr2 – ½ x r2 sin θ

= 90/360 × (3.14) 5√22 – ½ x (5√2)2 sin 90

= [¼ x 3.14 x 25 x 2] – [½ x 25 x 2 x 1]

= 25(1.57 – 1)

= 14.25 cm2

Area of circle = πr2 = 3.14 x (5√2)2 = 3.14 x 50 = 14.25 cm2

Thus, Area of major segment = Area of circle – Area of minor segment

= 157 – 14.25

= 142.75 cm2

 

5. A chord AB of circle of radius 14 cm makes an angle of 60° at the centre of a circle. Find the area of the minor segment of the circle.

Solution:

Given,

Radius of the circle (r) = 14 cm = OA = OB

Angle subtended by the chord with the centre of the circle, θ = 60°

In triangle AOB, angle A = angle B [angle opposite to equal sides OA and OB = x]

By angle sum property, 

∠A + ∠B + ∠O = 180 

x + x + 60° = 180°

2x = 120°, x = 60°

All angles are 60° so the triangle OAB is an equilateral with OA = OB = AB

Area of the minor segment = area of sector – area of triangle OAB

= θ/360 × πr2 – √3/4 (side)2

= 60/360 x (22/7) 142 – √3/4 (14)2

= [1/6 x 22 x 2 x 14] – √3 x (7)2

= 102.7 – 84.9 = 17.8

Therefore, the area of the minor segment = 17.80 cm2


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