NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 Reproduction in Animals

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 9 PDF Free Download

NCERT solutions class 8 science chapter 9 Reproduction in animals is a very crucial resource for the CBSE class 8 students. The reproduction in animal’s solutions is provided here to help class 8 students to get knowledge on the topic and to prepare for their examination effectively. The NCERT solutions class 8 science will also help students to get familiar with the syllabus and the exam pattern.

This NCERT solution has answers to all the exercise question provided in chapter 9 of the NCERT class 8 science textbook. The answers provided here are systematically prepared by experienced teachers which will help you gain complete knowledge of the concepts involved in the chapter.

Answers provided here shed light on modes of animal reproduction, reproductive organs, sexual mode of reproduction, asexual mode of reproduction, fertilization and its types, binary fission and budding modes of asexual reproduction.

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Access Answers of Science NCERT class 8 Chapter 9 Reproduction in Animals

Chapter 9 Exercise Questions

1. Explain the importance of reproduction in organisms.

Soln:

Importance of reproduction in organisms are as follows

  • Reproduction is termed to be a biological process in which organisms give birth to their off springs.
  • It helps in maintaining the continuity of a particular race and helps in increasing the population of the species.
  • Reproduction is meant for the survival of all living things.

2. Describe the process of fertilisation in human beings.

Soln:

  • Fertilization is defined as the process in which there is a fusion of male gamete and female gamete.
  • The male gametes or sperms are released from the male reproductive organ called the penis
  • The sperms released to enter the female body through the vagina.
  • From the vagina, sperms travel through the fallopian tubes where they meet the eggs.
  • From there on, the process of fertilization takes place in the fallopian tube.
  • The male gamete cell (sperm) and female gamete cell (egg) fuse together to form a zygote.
  • The zygote divides rapidly to form a group of cells called morula, which becomes the embryo after approximately five days. The foetus is present for about eight weeks after the fertilization.

3. Choose the most appropriate answer.

(a) Internal fertilisation occurs

(i) in female body.

(ii) outside female body.

(iii) in male body.

(iv) outside male body.

(b) A tadpole develops into an adult frog by the process of

(i) fertilisation

(ii) metamorphosis

(iii) embedding

(iv) budding

(c) The number of nuclei present in a zygote is

(i) none

(ii) one

(iii) two

(iv) four

Soln:

a) (i) in female body.

b) (ii) metamorphosis

c) (iii) two

4. Indicate whether the following statements are True (T) or False (F).

(a) Oviparous animals give birth to young ones. ( )

(b) Each sperm is a single cell. ( )

(c) External fertilisation takes place in frog. ( )

(d) A new human individual develops from a cell called gamete. ( )

(e) Egg laid after fertilisation is made up of a single cell. ( )

(f) Amoeba reproduces by budding. ( )

(g) Fertilisation is necessary even in asexual reproduction. ( )

(h) Binary fission is a method of asexual reproduction. ( )

(i) A zygote is formed as a result of fertilisation. ( )

(j) An embryo is made up of a single cell. ( )

Soln:

a) False

b) True

c) True

d) False

e) True

f) False

g) False

h) True

i) True

j) False

5. Give two differences between a zygote and a foetus.

Soln:

Zygote:

  • It is the earliest stage of development
  • It is formed by the fusion of male and female gametes
  • It is a single cell
  • The zygote divides several times to form an embryo
  • The zygote normally lasts a week and then develop into its next stage.

Foetus

  • It is the last developmental stage of an organism
  • The stage of the embryo that shows all the main recognizable body parts of a mature organism.
  • The foetus stage occurs after the embryo stage.
  • Foetus mainly undergoes internal development.

6. Define asexual reproduction. Describe two methods of asexual reproduction in animals.

Soln:

In this type of reproduction, the offspring arises from a single organism without the fusion of male and female gametes. It never changes the number of chromosomes.

Binary fission in amoeba

  • It is a kind of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides into two halves.
  • It is a unicellular organism that has a cell membrane, cell wall and cytoplasm.
  • The division of the cell can take place on any plane.
  • In this process, the nucleus of the amoeba first divides to form two daughter nuclei by the process called Karyokinesis.
  • Finally, the division of the body into two halves having a nucleus respectively takes place.

Binary fission in amoeba

Budding in hydra

  • Organisms such as hydra, use regenerative cells for reproduction in the process of budding.
  • The first step is the formation of buds, and it develops as a small outgrowth on the parent’s body.
  • As the bud enlarges, it receives the characteristics of the parent organism.
  • Once it is developed, it may be detached from the parent body and develop into a new individual.
  • In some rare cases, the buds may not be detached forming interconnected buds.
  • There are also methods like fragmentation, multiple fission etc.

Budding in hydra

7. In which female reproductive organ does the embryo get embedded?

Soln:

  • In the female reproductive organ, the embryo gets attached to the uterus.
  • Once it gets attached, there occurs the formation of body parts like legs, hands, eyes etc.
  • The embryo is then called a foetus.

8. What is metamorphosis? Give examples.

Soln:

  • It is defined as the process in which an animal’s body structure abruptly changes through cell growth and differentiation.
  • It is a biological process.
  • Examples of this kind are frog and insects.

Metamorphosis in Frog

The life cycle of a frog:

The tadpole emerging from the egg will have gills, tail etc.

They can swim easily in water.

It undergoes abrupt changes and develops into a mature frog.

9. Differentiate between internal fertilisation and external fertilisation.

Soln:

Fertilization, in general, is defined as the fusion of a male and a female gamete.

Internal fertilization

It occurs inside the female body.

There are high chances of survival of the offspring.

Internal fertilization protects the fertilized egg or embryo from harsh environments.

Examples are cow, humans, dogs, monkeys etc.

External fertilization

It occurs outside the female body.

There are low chances of survival of the offspring.

Most aquatic animals use this type of fertilization and the advantage of external fertilization is that it produces a large number of offspring due to external hazards.

Examples are fish, frog, organisms etc.

10. Complete the crossword puzzle using the hints given below.

Across

1. The process of the fusion of the gametes.

6. The type of fertilisation in hen.

7. The term used for bulges observed on the sides of the body of hydra.

8. Eggs are produced here.

Down

2. Sperms are produced in these male reproductive organs.

3. Another term for in vitro fertilisation.

4. These animals lay eggs.

5. A type of fission in amoeba

Crossword Puzzle on Reproduction in Animal-1

Soln:

Across

1) Fertilization

6) Internal

7) Buds

8) Ovary

Down

2) Testis

3) Zygote

4) Oviparous

5) Binary

Crossword Puzzle on Reproduction in Animals

Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions Chapter 9 Reproduction in Animals

NCERT Class 8 science chapter 9 comprises of the answers to the question provided in the Class 8 Science textbook along with the extra questions, exemplar problems, worksheets, MCQ’s, HOTS and short answering questions.

Students must solve the NCERT questions regularly to score well in their class 8th examination. This chapter comprises of various topics like-

  • Reproduction
  • Modes of reproduction
  • Fertilization
  • Development of embryo
  • Viviparous and Oviparous animals
  • Young ones to adults
  1. Reproduction – It is a procedure in which the organisms reproduce their young ones. There are 2 methods of reproduction. Namely – Sexual reproduction and asexual reproduction.
  2. Sexual reproduction – Reproduction ensuing from the combination of the female and male gametes is called sexual reproduction. The reproductive organs in the female comprise of – ovaries, oviducts and uterus. And, the reproductive organs in the male comprises of – testes, sperm ducts and penis. The unification of ovum and sperm is called fertilization. The fertilized egg is known as the zygote.
  3. Asexual reproduction – When a single parent is involved, then it is termed as asexual reproduction.  New cells develop from buds in hydra. This mode of asexual reproduction is known as budding. Amoeba reproduces itself by dividing into 2 and this type of reproduction is termed as binary fission.

Importance of NCERT Solution Class 8 science Chapter 9 Reproduction in animals

Reproduction in animals is the most colourful topic in NCERT class 8 Science. Topic shed knowledge on various modes of reproduction and explains them with pictorial representations. Assignments provided in the curriculum will enhance the knowledge in students and help them to score good marks in the examination.

Biology is theoretical subjects, hence it is very difficult for the students to remember all the points which connect the concepts given in the syllabus. To ease your understanding BYJU’S provide innovative learning approach to help you understand and memorise biology concepts. Down BYJU’S App to get access to the study material; provided by us.

Frequently Asked Questions on Chapter 9 Reproduction in Animals

Explain the importance of reproduction in organisms?

  • Reproduction is termed to be a biological process in which organisms give birth to their off springs.
  • It helps in maintaining the continuity of a particular race and helps in increasing the population of the species.
  • Reproduction is meant for the survival of all living things.

Describe the process of fertilisation in human beings?

  • Fertilization is defined as the process in which there is a fusion of male gamete and female gamete.
  • The male gametes or sperms are released from the male reproductive organ called the penis
  • The sperms released to enter the female body through the vagina.
  • From the vagina, sperms travel through the fallopian tubes where they meet the eggs.
  • From there on, the process of fertilization takes place in the fallopian tube.
  • The male gamete cell (sperm) and female gamete cell (egg) fuse together to form a zygote.
  • The zygote divides rapidly to form a group of cells called morula, which becomes the embryo after approximately five days. The foetus is present for about eight weeks after the fertilization.

Differences between a zygote and a foetus?

Zygote:

  • It is the earliest stage of development
  • It is formed by the fusion of male and female gametes
  • It is a single cell
  • The zygote divides several times to form an embryo
  • The zygote normally lasts a week and then develop into its next stage.

Foetus

  • It is the last developmental stage of an organism
  • The stage of the embryo that shows all the main recognizable body parts of a mature organism.
  • The foetus stage occurs after the embryo stage.
  • Foetus mainly undergoes internal development.

Define asexual reproduction?

In this type of reproduction, the offspring arises from a single organism without the fusion of male and female gametes. It never changes the number of chromosomes.

What is metamorphosis?

It is defined as the process in which an animal’s body structure abruptly changes through cell growth and differentiation.

 

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