NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 13 Propagation of Sound

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science chapter 13 Sound renders students with accurate solutions to all the exercises and in-text questions provided in the NCERT Class 8 textbook that aligns with the CBSE board. Here, students are provided with the ultimate study material, the NCERT Class 8 solutions that are executed by a team of subject matter experts with thorough knowledge of the subject. Referring and solving these solutions ought to be one of the best ways to crack examinations and score outstanding marks.

The solutions are solved skillfully with the use of an easily comprehensible language for the class 8 students. This helps them understand the concepts, thus promoting active learning and concept learning. The solutions provided are reviewed by the expert team and carefully designed to score maximum marks on the lines of CBSE exam.

The NCERT solutions assist in getting familiarised with the concepts given in the textbook. These solutions are easily accessible and completely reliable with step-by-step instructions to understand solutions in the most simplified manner. Practising solutions is one of the most appropriate strategies to outperform in examinations.

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Access Answers of Science NCERT class 8 Chapter 13 Sound

Exercise Questions

1. Choose the correct answer.

Sound can travel through

 

(a) gases only

(b) solids only

(c) liquids only

(d) solids, liquids and gases

Soln:

Answer is (d) solids, liquids and gases

Explanation:

For the sound to travel, it requires a medium. The medium can be solids, liquids and gases which provides the medium through which sound can travel.

2. Voice of which of the following is likely to have minimum frequency?

(a) Baby girl

(b) Baby boy

(c) A man

(d) A woman

Soln:

Answer is (c) A man

Explanation:

When compared to the voices of a baby boy, women, a baby girl, the voice of a man has a lower pitch. As the pitch of a man is low which is proportional to the frequency of a sound, the man’s voice is of minimum frequency as compared with others.

3. In the following statements, tick ‘T’ against those which are true, and ‘F’ against those which are false.

(a) Sound cannot travel in vacuum. (T/F)

(b) The number of oscillations per second of a vibrating object is called its time period. (T/F)

(c) If the amplitude of vibration is large, sound is feeble. (T/F)

(d) For human ears, the audible range is 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz. (T/F)

(e) The lower the frequency of vibration, the higher is the pitch. (T/F) (f) Unwanted or unpleasant sound is termed as music. (T/F)

(g) Noise pollution may cause partial hearing impairment. (T/F)

Soln:

a) True- A medium is required for sound to travel

b) False- A vibrating object whose number of oscillations per second is known as its frequency. The time taken to complete one oscillation is called a time period.

c) False- The Square of the amplitude of vibration is proportional to the loudness of sound. Sound is loud when the amplitude of vibration is large. For feeble sound, the amplitude is small.

d) True- Sounds of all frequencies are not audible to human ears. The range of frequencies which are audible to human ears is between 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz. Sounds outside this frequencies are not audible to human ears.

e) False- Higher the frequency, higher is the pitch of the sound as the pitch is proportional to its frequency. For high pitched sound, its vibrating frequency is high and for low pitched sound, its vibrating frequency is small.

f) False- Music is a melodious and pleasing sound which is pleasant to hear. Noises are unpleasant sounds.

g) True-Noises are unwanted and unpleasant sounds, which cause temporary hearing impairment when heard continuously for a long period of time.

4. Fill in the blanks with suitable words.

(a) Time taken by an object to complete one oscillation is called __________.

(b) Loudness is determined by the __________ of vibration.

(c) The unit of frequency is __________

(d) Unwanted sound is called __________ .

(e) Shrillness of a sound is determined by the __________ of vibration.

Soln:

(a) Time taken by an object to complete one oscillation is called time taken.

(b) Loudness is determined by the amplitude of vibration.

(c) The unit of frequency is Hertz .

(d) Unwanted sound is called Noise.

(e) Shrillness of a sound is determined by the frequency of vibration.

5. A pendulum oscillates 40 times in 4 seconds. Find its time period and frequency

Soln:

The number of oscillations per second of the vibrating body is known as the frequency of oscillation.

Frequency = Total number of oscillations

Total time taken

= 50/5

= 10 Hz

Time period is the time taken to complete one oscillation. It is also the inverse of frequency.

Time period =  1/ Oscillating frequency

= 1/10

= 0.1 s

∴ frequency = 10 Hz

Time period = 0.1 s

6. The sound from a mosquito is produced when it vibrates its wings at an average rate of 500 vibrations per second. What is the time period of the vibration?

Soln:

Time period is defined as the time taken to complete one oscillation. It is also the inverse of frequency.

Time period =  1

Oscillation frequency

Oscillation frequency = 600 Hz

Time period = 1/600 = 0.0016 s

7. Identify the part which vibrates to produce sound in the following instruments.

(a) Dholak

(b) Sitar

(c) Flute

Soln:

a) Dholak- It consists of a head which is a stretched membrane. Vibrations are set into these stretched strings when the head is beaten gently, these vibrations produce sound and thus Dholak produces sound.

b) Sitar – It is a musical instrument. Stretched strings are part of it. Vibrations are produced when the string is plucked when played. These vibrations produce sound, thus sitar produces sound.

c) Flute – Its an instrument which has holes in it. It is a hollow pipe. The air inside the pipe is set into vibration when air is blown over its mouth and this produces a pleasant sound.

8. What is the difference between noise and music? Can music become noise sometimes?

Soln:

Music is sound which is pleasant to hear. Sounds from flutes, pianos and violins are pleasant to hear.

Noise are sounds which are unpleasant to hear.

Sounds which are unpleasant to hear are:

(a)Sounds from bus horns and truck horns.

(b)Electrical generator sounds.

(c)Gunshot sounds.

(d)Jackhammer sounds

Yes, sometimes when the music is played at high volumes, it becomes noise.

9. List sources of noise pollution in your surroundings.

Soln:

Noise pollution sources are

(a) Bus and car horns.

(b) Firecrackers and loudspeakers.

(c) High volumes in televisions and transistors.

(d)  mixers at home

e) Sirens from factories

10. Explain in what way noise pollution is harmful to human.

Soln:

A number of health issues are associated with noise pollution. They are as follows

(a) Stress

(b) Headache

(c) Hearing loss

(d) Insomnia

(e) Hypertension

11. Your parents are going to buy a house. They have been offered one on the roadside and another three lanes away from the roadside. Which house would you suggest your parents should buy? Explain your answer.

Soln:

It is better to buy the house which is three lanes away from the roadside as there will be less noise as compared to the one on the main road. The noises can be caused by vehicles. As the distance between the source and the listener increases, the intensity of noise decreases. So it better to buy the house which is three lanes away.

12. Sketch larynx and explain its function in your own words.

Soln:

vocal cords Larynx

When we swallow something, larynx moves.  There are two vocal cords inside the larynx. The air passes through a small gap which is present in between them. The lungs force the air into the gap when we speak and this vibrates the vocal cord, due to which sound is produced.

13. Lightning and thunder take place in the sky at the same time and at the same distance from us. Lightning is seen earlier and thunder is heard later. Can you explain why?

Soln:

Speed of the light is more than the speed of sound. Thus, lightning is seen first which is accompanied by thunder later.

About NCERT solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 13 Sound

The solutions encompasses the answers to the question provided in the CBSE Class 8 Science textbook along with extra questions, exemplary problems, the important question from previous question papers, worksheets and tips to write the exam.

The sound is a crucial chapter in CBSE class 8 and students must prepare this chapter well to score well in their exam. The NCERT solutions for class 8 Science sound is one of the best tools to prepare for class 8 science. The solutions for this chapter is also available in PDF format for the students to access and download for free.

The Central Board of Secondary Education is the most celebrated educational board in India. CBSE follow the NCERT curriculum to conduct the examinations for class 10 and class 12 respectively.

Subtopics of NCERT Solutions for class 8 Science Chapter 13 Sound

  1. The sound is Produced by a Vibrating Body
  2. Sound Produced by Humans
  3. Sound Needs a Medium of Propagation
  4. We Hear Sound through Our Ears
  5. Amplitude, Time Period and Frequency of a Vibration
  6. Audible and Inaudible Sounds
  7. Noise and Music
  8. Noise Pollution.

The Central Board of Secondary Education is one of the popular educational board in India. CBSE follow the NCERT curriculum to conducts its examinations for class 10 and class 12 respectively. Class 8 is one of the crucial stages in students academic life.

Sound is produced by vibrating objects. We hear a variety of sounds in our surroundings. Some key points to remember from the chapter is given below.

  • In human beings, the vibration of the vocal cords produces sound.
  • The eardrum senses the vibrations of sound, it sends the signals to the brain. This process is called a hearing.
  • The frequency is expressed in hertz (Hz)
  • Unpleasant sounds are called noise.
  • Attempts should be made to minimise noise pollution
  • Plantation on the roadside and elsewhere can reduce noise pollution.
  • Sound travels through a medium (gas, liquid or solid). It cannot travel in a vacuum.
  • Excessive or unwanted sounds lead to noise pollution. Noise pollution may pose health problems for human beings.
  • Higher the frequency of vibration, the higher is the pitch, and shriller is the sound.
    Attempts should be made to minimise noise pollution.
  • Higher the frequency of vibration, the higher is the pitch, and shriller is the sound.

Sound is an important topic for students as it comprises very basic concepts. Students should understand this topic thoroughly in order to avoid any difficulty in understanding the related topics in their higher classes.

Frequently Asked Questions on Chapter 13 Sound

Voice of which of the following is likely to have minimum frequency? (a) Baby girl
(b) Baby boy (c) A man (d) A woman

Answer is (c) A man

What is the difference between noise and music?

*Music is sound which is pleasant to hear

*Noise are sounds which are unpleasant to hear.

what way noise pollution is harmful to human?

A number of health issues are associated with noise pollution. They are as follows

(a) Stress

(b) Headache

(c) Hearing loss

(d) Insomnia

(e) Hypertension

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