# NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 12 Friction

## NCERT Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 12 â€“ Free PDF Download

*According to the CBSE Syllabus 2023-24, this chapter has been renumbered as Chapter 8.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 12 Friction are crucial resources for the students of 8th Standard. The solutions provided here aim to help students understand the chapter in an interesting way. These Chapter 12 Friction Solutions are created by subject experts, according to the latest CBSE guidelines and syllabus (2023-24).Â  This solution consists of answers to the questions given in theÂ CBSE Class 8 Science textbook, along with extra questions, worksheets, exemplary questions, MCQs and short answer questions.Â

### Download Most Important Questions for Class 8 Science Chapter â€“ 12 Friction

Students are advised to practise the solutions regularly to prepare effectively for their examination. Along with NCERT Solutions, students are also advised to read and solve previous yearsâ€™ question papers and sample papers. Solving the previous yearsâ€™ questions will help them to get acquainted with the latest exam pattern as well as the marking scheme.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 12 Friction

### Access Answers of Science NCERT Class 8 Chapter 12 Friction

Exercise Questions

1. Fill in the blanks.

(a) Friction opposes the _____________ between the surfaces in contact with each other.

(b) Friction depends on the _____________ of surfaces.

(c) Friction produces __________.

(d) Sprinkling of powder on the carrom board ________ friction.

(e) Sliding friction is ___________ than the static friction.

Soln:

(a) Friction opposes the motion between the surfaces in contact with each other.

(b) Friction depends on the nature of surfaces.

(c) Friction produces heat.

(d) Sprinkling of powder on the carrom board reduces friction.

(e) Sliding friction is lesser than the static friction.

2. Four children were asked to arrange forces due to rolling, static and sliding frictions in a decreasing order. Their arrangements are given below. Choose the correct arrangement.

(a) rolling, static, sliding

(b) rolling, sliding, static

(c) static, sliding, rolling

(d) sliding, static, rolling

Soln:

The answer is (c) static, sliding, rolling

3. Alida runs her toy car on dry marble floor, wet marble floor, newspaper and towel spread on the floor. The force of friction acting on the car on different surfaces in increasing order will be

(a) wet marble floor, dry marble floor, newspaper and towel

(b) newspaper, towel, dry marble floor, wet marble floor

(c) towel, newspaper, dry marble floor, wet marble floor

(d) wet marble floor, dry marble floor, towel, newspaper

Soln:

The answer is (a) wet marble floor, dry marble floor, newspaper and towel.

4. Suppose your writing desk is tilted a little. A book kept on it starts sliding down. Show the direction of frictional force acting on it.

Soln:

When book slides down on the desk, a frictional force acts between the book and the surface of the desk. The direction of the friction force on the book is opposite to the direction of its motion and acts in anÂ upward direction. It is shown in the diagram below.

5. You spill a bucket of soapy water on a marble floor accidentally. Would it make it easier or more difficult for you to walk on the floor? Why?

Soln:

It is possible to walk on the floor because of the friction present between our feet and the ground. For walking, we push the ground in a backward direction with our feet. The force of friction pushes it in the forward direction and allows us to walk. The force of friction decreases between the ground and the feet when there is soapy water spilt on the floor. Hence, it becomes difficult to walk on the soapy floor.

6. Explain why sportsmen use shoes with spikes.

Soln:

Sportsmen use shoes with spikes because of the better grip given by spikes while running. This is because the force of friction between the shoes and the ground increases with the help of spikes.

7. Iqbal has to push a lighter box and Seema has to push a similar heavier box on the same floor. Who will have to apply a larger force and why?

Soln:

Due to the interlocking of the irregularities on the two surfaces in contact, the force of friction arises. On the floor when a heavy object is placed, the interlocking of irregularities on the surface of the box and floor become strong. This is because the two surfaces in contact are pressed harder. Hence, more force is required to overcome the interlocking. Thus, to push the heavier box, Seema has to apply greater force than Iqbal.

8. Explain why sliding friction is less than static friction.

Soln:

When irregularities present in the surfaces of two objects in contact get interlocked with each other, friction come into play.Â  The time given in sliding for interlocking is very small. Thus, interlocking is not strong. Therefore, less force is required to overcome this interlocking. Due to this reason, sliding friction is less than static friction.

9. Give examples to show that friction is both a friend and a foe.

Soln:

a) Due to friction, we are able to walk.

b) We are able to write because of the friction between the tip of the pen and the paper.

a) Because of friction, the tires and soles of shoes wear out.

b) Friction produces heat between different parts of the machines. This can damage the machines.

10. Explain why objects moving in fluids must have special shapes.

Soln:

When a body moves through a fluid, it experiences an opposing force which tries to oppose its motion through the fluid. This opposing force is known as the drag force, and the frictional force depends on the shape of the body. By giving the objects a special shape, the force of friction acting on it can be minimised. Hence, it becomes easier for a body to move through the fluid.

### Summary of Chapter 12 Friction Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions

1. Force of Friction
2. Factors affecting Friction
3. Friction: A Necessary Evil
4. Increasing and Reducing Friction
5. Wheels Reduce Friction
6. Fluid Friction

The NCERT Class 8 Science Solutions for Chapter 12 Friction given here assists the students in clearing all their doubts. These NCERT Solutions will help students to have a deeper understanding of the concepts and terminologies involved in this chapter. Students are advised to read the chapters of Class 8 Science very carefully because the chapters here are the basics of the topics which will be taught in Class 9.

This chapter is one of the important chapters of Class 8 Science. After reading this chapter, students will get to know about what is friction, the forces of friction, factors affecting friction, increasing and reducing friction, types of friction, what are the causes of friction, and why friction is necessary.

Physics is a tough subject for students. Many students fail to comprehend the subject, mainly derivations and numerical problems. To make them understand Physics-related topics, BYJUâ€™S brings interactive videos and animations that not only help them understand the concepts but also help them score good marks in the examination.

## Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 12

Q1

### List out the topics included in Chapter 12 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science.

The topics included in Chapter 12 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science are as follows:
Force of Friction
Factors affecting Friction
Friction: A Necessary Evil
Increasing and Reducing Friction
Wheels Reduce Friction
Fluid Friction
Q2

### What is frictional force covered in Chapter 12 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science?

Friction is the force that resists motion when the surface of one object comes in contact with the surface of another. The mechanical advantage of a machine is reduced by friction, or in other words, the ratio of output to input is reduced because of friction.
Q3

### Are the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 12 the best study material for the students?

The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 12 help students to improve their conceptual knowledge. The solutions are created by the subject experts at BYJUâ€™S and are accurate as per the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines. Using the solutions PDF, students will be able to gain a clear view of the concepts which are important for the exams. Most of the questions in the board exams and competitive exams appear from the NCERT textbooks. For this purpose, students are advised to practise the textbook questions regularly for better academic performance.