NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 4- Materials : Metals And Non Metals

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 4 – Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 4 Materials Metals and Nonmetals provided here is one of the most important resources for Class 8 students. The metals and nonmetals solutions are given here so that students can clear their doubts easily and learn the chapter in a more efficient way. Students must learn the concepts of metals and nonmetals properly as it will be helpful for them in higher standards. All the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science are prepared according to the latest CBSE syllabus. Check the Chapter 4 Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions PDF enclosed below.

BYJU’S brings you NCERT Solutions Class 8 Science, designed by our subject experts to facilitate smooth and precise understanding of concepts. These CBSE Class 8 NCERT Solutions have detailed step-by-step explanations of questions given in the textbooks. It covers all the important concepts with detailed explanations to promote a better conceptual understanding in students.

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 4 Materials: Metals and Non-Metals

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Access Answers to NCERT Class 8 Science Chapter 4 Materials – Metals and Non-Metals

Exercise Questions

1. Which of the following can be beaten into thin sheets?

(a) Zinc

(b) Phosphorus

(c) Sulphur

(d) Oxygen

Soln:

Answer is a) Zinc

Explanation:

Here, Zinc is a metal with malleability and ductility whereas Phosphorus, Sulphur and Oxygen are nonmetals which lack malleability and ductility.

2. Which of the following statements is correct?

(a) All metals are ductile.

(b) All non-metals are ductile.

(c) Generally, metals are ductile.

(d) Some non-metals are ductile.

Soln:

Answer is (c) Generally, metals are ductile.

Explanation:

Ductility is a property where a substance can be drawn into thin wires, Generally, metals are ductile with mercury as the exception.

3. Fill in the blanks.

(a) Phosphorus is a very _________non-metal.

(b) Metals are _________ conductors of heat and ____________ .

(c) Iron is ____________reactive than copper.

(d) Metals react with acids to produce ____________ gas.

Soln:

(a) Phosphorus is a very reactive non-metal.

(b) Metals are good conductors of heat and electricity.

(c) Iron is more reactive than copper.

(d) Metals react with acids to produce hydrogen gas.

4. Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false.

(a) Generally, non-metals react with acids. ( )

(b) Sodium is a very reactive metal. ( )

(c) Copper displaces zinc from zinc sulphate solution. ( )

(d) Coal can be drawn into wires. ( )

Soln:

a) False

b) True

c) False

d) False

5. Some properties are listed in the following table. Distinguish between metals and non-metals on the basis of these properties.

Properties Metals Non-metals
1. Appearance
2. Hardness
3. Malleability
4. Ductility
5. Heat Conduction
6. Conduction of Electricity

Soln:

Properties Metals Non-metals
1. Appearance Lustrous Dull
2. Hardness Hard Soft
3. Malleability Have property of Malleability Do not have a property of Malleability
4. Ductility Have property of Ductility Do not have the property of Ductility
5. Heat Conduction Good conductor of Heat Bad Conductor of Heat
6. Conduction of Electricity Good conductor of Electricity The bad conductor of Electricity

6. Give reasons for the following.

(a) Aluminium foils are used to wrap food items.

(b) Immersion rods for heating liquids are made up of metallic substances.

(c) Copper cannot displace zinc from its salt solution.

(d) Sodium and potassium are stored in kerosene

Soln:

a) Aluminium is malleable and can be drawn into thin sheets hence Aluminium foils are used to wrap food items

b) Immersion rods for heating liquids are made up of metallic substances because metals are good conductors of heat and electricity.

c) Copper cannot displace zinc from its salt solution because Zinc is more reactive than copper.

d) Sodium and Potassium are highly reactive metals which readily reacts with atmospheric Oxygen to catch fire hence Sodium and Potassium are stored in kerosene.

7. Can you store the lemon pickle in an aluminium utensil? Explain.

Soln:

Pickle consists of acids which react with Aluminium metal to produce salt and Hydrogen. Hence pickle is not stored in aluminium utensil.

8. Match the substances given in Column A with their uses given in Column B.

A B
(i) Gold (a) Thermometers
(ii) Iron (b) Electric wire
(iii) Aluminium (c) Wrapping food
(iv) Carbon (d) Jewellery
(v) Copper (e) Machinery
(vi) Mercury (f) Fuel

Soln:

A B
(i) Gold (d) Jewellery
(ii) Iron (e) Machinery
(iii) Aluminium (c) Wrapping food
(iv) Carbon (f) Fuel
(v) Copper (b) Electric wire
(vi) Mercury (a) Thermometers

9. What happens when

(a) Dilute sulphuric acid is poured on a copper plate?

(b) Iron nails are placed in a copper sulphate solution?

Write word equations of the reactions involved.

Soln:

(i) No reaction occurs when dilute sulphuric acid is poured on a copper plate. However, when concentrated sulphuric acid is poured on a copper plate, hydrogen gas evolves along with the formation of blue coloured copper sulphate crystals. The chemical reaction for the reaction between concentrated sulfuric acid and copper is:
Cu + H2SO4 (conc.) -> CuSO4 + H2

ii) Iron being more reactive displaces copper from copper sulphate. In this reaction, the blue colour of copper sulphate fades and there is a deposition of copper on the iron nail.

Fe + CuSO4  →      FeSO4 + Cu

10. Saloni took a piece of burning charcoal and collected the gas evolved in a test tube.

(a) How will she find the nature of the gas?

(b) Write down word equations of all the reactions taking place in this process.

Soln:

a) In a test tube containing gas, add a few drops of water. Now cover the test tube and shake well. After shaking, test the solution with blue litmus. It will change from blue to red. Thus, gas is acidic in nature.

b) Charcoal reacts with oxygen to form carbon dioxide gas.

Reaction of charcoal with Oxygen

11. One day Reeta went to a jeweller’s shop with her mother. Her mother gave old gold jewellery to the goldsmith to polish. Next day when they brought the jewellery back, they found that there was a slight loss in its weight. Can you suggest a reason for the loss in weight?

Soln:

In order to polish the gold ornament, it is to be dipped into a liquid called aqua regia (a mixture of hydrochloric acid and nitric acid). On getting dissolved in the environment of aqua regia, the outer layer of gold dissolves and an inner shiny layer appears. The dissolving of the layer causes a reduction in the weight of the jewellery.

Also Access 
NCERT Exemplar for Class 8 Science Chapter 4
CBSE Notes for Class 8 Science Chapter 4

Topics covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 4 Materials Metals and Non-Metals

Section Number Topic
4.1 Physical Properties of Metals and Non-metals
4.2 Chemical Properties of Metals and Non-metals
4.3 Uses of Metals and Non-metals

Students can utilise the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 available in Class-wise and chapter-wise format for any quick references to comprehend important and complex topics. Further, these solutions also provide tips and tricks to score high marks in the CBSE Class 8 Science examination.

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Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 4

List the topics and subtopics covered in the Chapter 4 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science.

The topics and subtopics covered in the Chapter 4 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science are –
4.1 Physical Properties of Metals and Non-metals
4.2 Chemical Properties of Metals and Non-metals
4.3 Uses of Metals and Non-metals

What are the uses of metals given in the Chapter 4 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science?

Uses of metals given in Chapter 4 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science are –
In the Construction Industry
In electronics
In medicine
Machinery, Refractory and Automobiles
Decorative products
Other Uses

Where can I find the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 4 online?

You can find the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 4 from BYJU’S. The experts have prepared these solutions to help students with their annual exam preparation. The solutions contain explanations in understandable language for a better conceptual knowledge among students. By using the solutions PDF, students can save a lot of time in finding the correct answer for the respective question.

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