NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 10 Reaching The Age of Adolescence

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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 10 Reaching the Age of Adolescence is the best study material for those students who are finding difficulties in preparing for their exams. These materials include solutions to all the questions present in the NCERT textbooks. Students can also prepare their notes and other class assignments by downloading these solutions in pdf format for free.

The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science reaching the age of adolescence includes the explanations to all the questions included in the CBSE class 8 textbook and are prepared by the subject professionals in a systematic manner according to the updated CBSE syllabus and guidelines.

This chapter aids you in gaining complete knowledge on the meaning of adolescence, changes that occur during adolescence, hormones that are released prior to adolescence, sexual maturity in male and females, menstrual cycle and its consequences.

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Access Answers of Science NCERT class 8 Chapter 10 Reaching the Age of Adolescence

Exercise Questions

1. What is the term used for chemical secretions of endocrine glands responsible for changes taking place in the body?

Soln:

The chemical substance secreted by the endocrine glands is called Hormones. Hormones are responsible for the changes taking place in the body.

 2. Define adolescence.

Soln:

The time period which comes between the beginning of adulthood and puberty is called Adolescence. In this time period, the body undergoes different changes alongside reproductive maturity. It starts somewhat at the age of 11 and ends at the age of 18 or19. This period of adolescence may differ from person to person.

3. What is menstruation? Explain

Soln:

The process of shedding of the uterine lining on a regular monthly basis is called menstruation. It starts at puberty and in the reproductive cycle of the female body. The uterus prepares itself to receive a fertilized egg on every month. Due to this the inner lining of the uterus become thick and is supplied with blood to nourish the embryo. If the egg is not fertilized, then the lining of the uterus breaks down and get released in the form of blood through the vagina. The time period for this is about 2 to 8 days every month. This monthly cycle is known as the menstrual cycle.

4. List changes in the body that take place at puberty

Soln:

The changes that take place at the time of puberty are as follows:

a) The height and weight of the body will suddenly increase

b) The hair seems to appear in the area such as legs, hands, face and underarms

c) In female, the enlargement of the ovary takes place and starts producing matured eggs and on the other hand in males, the testis grows and starts producing sperms

d) In males, the shoulder broadens and chest becomes widen, whereas in females the region below the waist becomes wider.

e) The acne seems to appear because of the excessive secretion of the oil from the skin.

f) In boys, the larynx becomes prominent under the influence of hormones, the vocal cord becomes longer and thicker resulting in hoarse voice.

5. Prepare a Table having two columns depicting names of endocrine glands and hormones secreted by them.

Soln:

Endocrine Glands Hormones
Testis Testosterones
Ovary Oestrogen
Pituitary Growth hormone
Adrenal Adrenalin
Thyroid Thyroxin
Pancreas Insulin

6. What are sex hormones? Why are they named so? State their function

Soln:

The chemical substances produced by the sex organs are called sex hormones. For example, in females, the sex hormones produced by the ovary is called oestrogen and in males, the sex hormones produced by the testis is called testosterone.

Some of the functions performed by the sex hormones:

Oestrogen: This hormone is responsible for the development of secondary sexual characters in females like enlargement of breasts, development of female reproductive organs etc.

Testosterone: this hormone brings the secondary sex character in boys such as the growth of beard, the voice becomes hoarse, development of the reproductive organs etc.

7. Choose the correct option.

(a) Adolescents should be careful about what they eat, because

(i) proper diet develops their brains.

(ii) proper diet is needed for the rapid growth taking place in their body.

(iii) adolescents feel hungry all the time.

(iv) taste buds are well developed in teenagers.

(b) Reproductive age in women starts when their

(i) menstruation starts.

(ii) breasts start developing.

(iii) body weight increases.

(iv) height increases.

(c) The right meal for adolescents consists of

(i) chips, noodles, coke.

(ii) chapati, dal, vegetables.

(iii) rice, noodles and burger.

(iv) vegetable cutlets, chips and lemon drink.

Soln:

a) (iv) taste buds are well developed in teenagers.

b) (iii) body weight increases.

c) (ii) chapati, dal, vegetables.

8. Write notes on—

(a) Adam’s apple.

(b) Secondary sexual characters.

(c) Sex determination in the unborn baby.

Soln:

a) Adam’s apple: In human males, the larynx grows larger at the time of puberty and can be seen as a protruding part of the throat. This protrusion is known as Adam’s apple. In boys under the influence of sex hormones, the larynx becomes prominent. Due to this, the vocal cord becomes thicker and longer which causes the voice hoarse. On the other hand in females, the larynx is of small size and is hardly visible. Therefore, girls have a high pitched voice while the boys has deep voice.

9. Word game :

Use the clues to work out the words.

Across

3. Protruding voice box in boys

4. Glands without ducts

7. Endocrine gland attached to brain

8. Secretion of endocrine glands

9. Pancreatic hormone

10. Female hormone

Down

1. Male hormone

2. Secretes thyroxine

3. Another term for teenage

5. Hormone reaches here through blood stream

6. Voice box

7. Term for changes at adolescence

Reaching the Age of Adolescence-1

Soln:

Across

  1. Adam’s apple
  2. Endocrine
  3. Pituitary
  4. Hormone
  5. Insulin
  6. Estrogen

Down

  1. Testosterone
  2. Thyroid
  3. Adolescence
  4. Target site
  5. Larynx
  6. Puberty

Reaching the Age of Adolescence

Subtopics of Class 8 Science Chapter 10 NCERT Solutions reaching the Age of Adolescence

Section Number Topics
10.1 Adolescence and Puberty
10.2 Changes at Puberty
10.3 Secondary Sexual Characters
10.4 Role of Hormones in Initiating Reproductive Function
10.5 Reproductive Phase of Life in Humans
10.6 How is the Sex of the Baby Determined
10.7 Hormones other than Sex Hormones
10.8 Role of Hormones in Completing the Life History of Insects and Frogs
10.9 Reproductive Health

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Frequently Asked Questions on Chapter 10 Reaching the Age of Adolescence

What is the term used for chemical secretions of endocrine glands responsible for changes taking place in the body?

The chemical substance secreted by the endocrine glands is called Hormones. Hormones are responsible for the changes taking place in the body.

Define adolescence?

The time period which comes between the beginning of adulthood and puberty is called Adolescence. In this time period, the body undergoes different changes alongside reproductive maturity. It starts somewhat at the age of 11 and ends at the age of 18 or19. This period of adolescence may differ from person to person.

What is menstruation?

The process of shedding of the uterine lining on a regular monthly basis is called menstruation.

What are sex hormones?

The chemical substances produced by the sex organs are called sex hormones.

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