Linear Equations In One Variable Class 8 Notes- Chapter 2

CBSE Class 8 Maths Chapter 2 Linear Equations in One Variable Notes:-Download PDF Here

Click on the below link to access the complete solutions for class 8 Maths Chapter 2 linear equations in one variable.

Introduction to Linear Equations in One Variable

The Linear equation in one variable is an equation, which consists of only one variable, and the highest power of the variables used in the equations is 1. The solution to this linear equation can be any rational number. This equation may consist expressions which are linear on both sides of the equal to sign.

Just like numbers, we can also transpose the variables from one side of the equation to the other side. The simplification of the equations which was formed by expressions and this can be done by bringing the equation into a linear form by equating the expression by multiplication using suitable techniques. Utilization of linear equation can be seen in diverse scenarios such as problems on numbers, perimeter, ages, currency, and even algebra has linear equations applications.

Video Lesson on Class 8 Linear Equations in One Variable

 

Variables and Constants

A constant is a value or number that never changes in an expression and it’s constantly the same.
A variable is a letter representing some unknown value. Its value is not fixed, it can take any value. On the other hand, the value of a constant is fixed.
For example, in the expression 4x+7, 4 and 7 are the constants and x is a variable.

To know more about Variables and Constants, visit here.

Algebraic Equation

The statement of equality of two algebraic expressions is an algebraic equation. It is of the form P=Q, where P and Q are algebraic expressions.
6x + 5 and 5x + 3  are algebraic expressions. On equating the algebraic expressions we get an algebraic equation.
6x + 5 = 5x + 3 is an algebraic equation.

To know more about Algebraic Equation, visit here.

Linear Equations in One Variable

A linear equation is an algebraic equation in which each term is either a constant or the product of a constant and a single variable, where the highest power of the variable is one.
If the linear equation has only a single variable then it is called a linear equation in one variable.
For example, 7x + 4 = 5x + 8 is a linear equation in one variable.
To know more about Linear Equations in One Variable, visit here.

Video Lesson on Introduction to Linear Equations in One Variable

 

Solving Linear Equations

Performing Mathematical Operations on Equations

When we are doing mathematical operations on a linear equation, we should do it on both sides of the equality otherwise the equality won’t hold true.
Suppose,  4x + 3 = 3x +7 is a linear equation. If we want to subtract 3 from the given equation, then we do it on both sides of the equality, so that the equality holds true.
4x+33=3x+73
4x=3x+4
Similarly, if we want to multiply or divide the equation, we multiply or divide all the terms on the left side of the equality and to the right side of the equality by the given number.
Note: we can not multiply or divide the equation by 0.

Solving Equations with Linear Expression on one side and numbers on the other Side

Suppose we have to find the solution of 2x3=7, where the linear expression is on the left-hand side, and numbers on the right-hand side.
Step 1: Transpose all the constant terms from the left-hand side to the right-hand side.
2x=7+3=102x=10

Step 2: Divide both sides of the equation by the coefficient of the variable.
In the above equation 2x is on the left-hand side. The coefficient of 2x is 2.
On dividing the equation by two, We get:
(½) × (2x) = (½) × (10)
It can be written as:
2x/2 = 10/2
x = 5, which is the required solution for the given linear equation in one variable 2x – 3 = 7.

Let us consider an another example, 2x + 4 = 12
Now, keep the tern 2x on the left hand side and bring 4 on the right hand side of the equation.
So, we get
2x = 12 – 4
2x = 8
x = 8/2
x = 4
Therefore, 4 is the required solution for the linear equation 2x + 4 = 12.

For More Information On Solving An Equation, Watch The Below Video.


Solving Equations with variables on both sides

Suppose we have to solve 3x – 3 = x + 2. In this equation, there are variables on both sides of the equation.
Step 1: Transpose all the terms with a variable from the right-hand side to the left-hand side of the equation and all the constants from the left-hand side to the right-hand side of the equation.
3xx=2+3
2x=5
Step 2: Divide both sides of the equation by the coefficient of the variable.
(½) × (2x) = (½) × 5
We can write the above equation as follows:
2x/2 = 5/2
Now, cancel out 2 on the left hand side of the equation, we get
x = 5/2, which is the required solution.

To know more about Solving Linear Equations, visit here.

Applications (Word Problems)

Question:
The sum of two numbers is 74. If one of the numbers is 10 more than the other number, find the two numbers.
Solution:
Let one of the numbers be x.
Then the other number is x + 10.
Given that the sum of the two numbers is 74.
So, x+(x+10)=74
⇒2x+10=74
⇒2x=74−10=64
x = 64/2
x = 32
Therefore, one number is 32.
As given, the one of the numbers is 10 more than the other, we get x + 10
= 32 + 10
= 42.
Therefore, the two numbers are 32 and 42.

Equations Reducible to the Linear Form

Question:

(x+1)/(2x + 3) = ⅜

Solution:

Given equation: (x+1)/(2x + 3) = ⅜

Now, cross multiply the equation, we get

8(x + 1) = 3(2x + 3)

8x + 8 = 6x + 9

Now, bring the variables on one side and constants on the other side, 

8x – 6x = 9 – 8

On simplifying the above equation,

2x = 1

x = ½.

Now, this can be written as:

x – (½) = 0

Reducing Equations to Simpler Form

Question:

Simplify the equation: [(6x + 1)/3] + 1 = (x – 3)/6. Also, justify your answer.

Solution:

Given Equation: [(6x + 1)/3] + 1 = (x – 3)/6

To simplify the given equation, take the LCM of 3 and 6, which is 6.

Now, multiply both sides of the equation by 6, we get

[6(6x + 1)/3] + 1(6) = 6(x – 3)/6

2(6x+1) + 6 = x – 3

12x + 2 + 6 = x – 3

Now, bring all the terms with variables on one sides and constants on the other side.

So, we get

12x + 8 = x – 3

12x – x = -3 – 8

11x = -11

x = -11/11

x = -1

Hence, the simplification of [(6x + 1)/3] + 1 = (x – 3)/6 is x = -1, which is the required solution.

Justification:

Now, substitute x = -1 in the given equation.

LHS: [(6x + 1)/3] + 1

LHS = [(6(-1) + 1)/3] + 1

LHS = [(-6 + 1)/3] + 1

LHS = (-5/3) + 1

LHS = (-5 + 3) /3

LHS = -⅔

Now, take the expression on the right side of the given equation.

RHS = (x – 3)/6

RHS = (-1 – 3)/6

RHS = -4/6

RHS = -⅔

Therefore, LHS = RHS.

Hence, verified.

Frequently asked Questions on CBSE Class 8 Maths Notes Chapter 2: Linear Equations in One Variable

What is a ‘Linear equation’?

A linear equation is an equation in which the highest power of the variable is always 1.

What is an ‘Algebraic equation’?

An algebraic equation can be defined as a mathematical statement in which two expressions are set equal to each other.

What are some of the uses of ‘Linear equations’?

1. Solve age related problems 2. Calculate speed 3. Geometry related problems 4. Work, time and wage related problems 5. Calculate money, percentage related sums

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

*

DOWNLOAD

App NOW