There are two types of reproduction namely, asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction. Nearly all higher, multicellular organisms reproduce sexually – and that includes humans too. The process essentially involves the fusion of gametes, the male gamete is called the sperm and the female gamete is called the ova.
At the microscopic level, a special type of cell division known as meiosis takes place. Learn more on how reproduction happens in humans by exploring Class 12 Biology Revision Notes Chapter 3 – Human Reproduction. Furthermore, our concise content is designed to help you get a brief overview without skimping out on important information.
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Frequently asked Questions on CBSE Class 12 Biology Notes Chapter 3: Human Reproduction
What are the main parts of the male reproductive system?
The male reproductive system includes the penis, scrotum, testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate and seminal vesicles.
What are the main parts of the female reproductive system?
Main parts of the female’s internal reproductive organs are the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix and ovary.
What are ‘Gametes’?
Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm.