NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 5- Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations Exercise 5.3

To learn the method of solving problems, at first students should get an idea of how the problems given in the exercises are solved. To know the solving process of these problems, understanding the concept is a must. Exercise 5.3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 5- Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations is based on Quadratic Equations. In algebra, a quadratic equation is any equation having the form ax2+bx+c=0, where x represents an unknown, and a, b and c represent known numbers, with a ≠ 0.

Solving the problems of this exercise helps students in understanding how a problem on Quadratic Equation should be answered. The exercise contains 10 questions, which the students can solve and practice. They can refer to NCERT Solutions for class 11 Maths for a better understanding of the concepts.

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 5- Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations Exercise 5.3

ncert sol class 11 maths ch 5 ex 3 1
ncert sol class 11 maths ch 5 ex 3 2
ncert sol class 11 maths ch 5 ex 3 3
ncert sol class 11 maths ch 5 ex 3 4

 

Access other exercise solutions of Class 11 Maths Chapter 5- Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

Exercise 5.1 Solutions 14 Questions

Exercise 5.2 Solutions 8 Questions

Miscellaneous Exercise On Chapter 5 Solutions 20 Questions

Access Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 5.3 Exercise

Solve each of the following equations:

1. x2 + 3 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

x2 + 3 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = 1, b = 0, and c = 3

So, the discriminant of the given equation will be

D = b2 – 4ac = 02 – 4 × 1 × 3 = –12

Hence, the required solutions are:

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 1

2. 2x2 + x + 1 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

2x2 + x + 1 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = 2, b = 1, and c = 1

So, the discriminant of the given equation will be

D = b2 – 4ac = 12 – 4 × 2 × 1 = 1 – 8 = –7

Hence, the required solutions are:

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 2

3. x2 + 3x + 9 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

x2 + 3x + 9 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = 1, b = 3, and c = 9

So, the discriminant of the given equation will be

D = b2 – 4ac = 32 – 4 × 1 × 9 = 9 – 36 = –27

Hence, the required solutions are:

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 3

4. –x2 + x – 2 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

x2 + – 2 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = –1, b = 1, and c = –2

So, the discriminant of the given equation will be

D = b2 – 4ac = 12 – 4 × (–1) × (–2) = 1 – 8 = –7

Hence, the required solutions are:

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 4

5. x2 + 3x + 5 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

x2 + 3x + 5 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = 1, b = 3, and c = 5

So, the discriminant of the given equation will be

D = b2 – 4ac = 32 – 4 × 1 × 5 =9 – 20 = –11

Hence, the required solutions are:

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 5

6. x2 – x + 2 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

x2 – x + 2 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = 1, b = –1, and c = 2

So, the discriminant of the given equation is

D = b2 – 4ac = (–1)2 – 4 × 1 × 2 = 1 – 8 = –7

Hence, the required solutions are

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 6

7. √2x2 + x + √2 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

√2x2 + x + √2 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = √2, b = 1, and c = √2

So, the discriminant of the given equation is

D = b2 – 4ac = (1)2 – 4 × √2 × √2 = 1 – 8 = –7

Hence, the required solutions are:

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 7

8. √3x2 – √2x + 3√3 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

√3x2 – √2x + 3√3 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = √3, b = -√2, and c = 3√3

So, the discriminant of the given equation is

D = b2 – 4ac = (-√2)2 – 4 × √3 × 3√3 = 2 – 36 = –34

Hence, the required solutions are:

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 8

9. x2 + x + 1/√2 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

x2 + x + 1/√2 = 0

It can be rewritten as,

√2x2 + √2x + 1 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = √2, b = √2, and c = 1

So, the discriminant of the given equation is

D = b2 – 4ac = (√2)2 – 4 × √2 × 1 = 2 – 4√2 = 2(1 – 2√2)

Hence, the required solutions are:

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 9

10. x2 + x/√2 + 1 = 0

Solution:

Given quadratic equation,

x2 + x/√2 + 1 = 0

It can be rewritten as,

√2x2 + x + √2 = 0

On comparing it with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = √2, b = 1, and c = √2

So, the discriminant of the given equation is

D = b2 – 4ac = (1)2 – 4 × √2 × √2 = 1 – 8 = -7

Hence, the required solutions are:

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 5 ex.5.3 - 11

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