Acids, bases, and salts are three main groups of chemical compounds. They have certain definite properties which can distinguish from each other.
What are Acids?
An Acid can be defined as a compound which produces hydrogen ion (H+), when it is dissolved in water. The word acid is derived from the Latin word meaning sour. Acids are found in many substances including the fruits. For example, citric acid is present in citrus fruits.
What are Bases?
Bases can be defined as a compound which produces hydroxide ion (OH-), when dissolved in water. They are found in all soaps, toothpaste, egg whites, dishwashing liquids, and ammonia.
What are Salts?
Salts can be defined as a compound formed by the combination of acids and bases through the neutralization reaction. The common examples of salt are sodium chloride or table salt, Magnesium sulphate used as bath salts, Ammonium nitrate used as fertilizers, and baking soda used in cooking.
Properties of Acids, Bases, and Salts
|pH||Less than 7||Greater than 7||Equal to 7|
|Conductor of Electricity||Good||Good||Good|
|Litmus paper Test||Blue to Red||Red to Blue||Yellow|
Few Important Questions
- Explain neutralization reaction with examples.
- List out the properties of Acids, Bases, and Salts.
- List out the applications of acids, bases, and salts.
- Name the compound used for softening hard water.
Learn more about Acids, Bases, and Salts from the topics given below:
|Hydrolysis Of Salts||pH Of Acids And Bases|
|Acids, Bases and Salts||Salts – Types of Salts & Hydrolysis of Salts|