Acids, Bases and Salts Class 10 Notes

Acids, bases, and salts are three main groups of chemical compounds. They have certain definite properties which can distinguish from each other.

What are Acids?

An Acid can be defined as a compound which produces hydrogen ion (H+), when it is dissolved in water. The word acid is derived from the Latin word meaning sour. Acids are found in many substances including the fruits. For example, citric acid is present in citrus fruits.

What are Bases?

Bases can be defined as a compound which produces hydroxide ion (OH-), when dissolved in water. They are found in all soaps, toothpaste, egg whites, dishwashing liquids, and ammonia.

What are Salts?

Salts can be defined as a compound formed by the combination of acids and bases through the neutralization reaction. The common examples of salt are sodium chloride or table salt, Magnesium sulphate used as bath salts, Ammonium nitrate used as fertilizers, and baking soda used in cooking.

Properties of Acids, Bases, and Salts

Property Acids Bases Salts
Taste Sour Bitter Salty
Odor Burning sensation Odourless Odourless
Texture Sticky Slippery Crystals
pH Less than 7 Greater than 7 Equal to 7
Conductor of Electricity Good Good Good
Litmus paper Test Blue to Red Red to Blue Yellow

Few Important Questions

  • Explain neutralization reaction with examples.
  • List out the properties of Acids, Bases, and Salts.
  • List out the applications of acids, bases, and salts.
  • Name the compound used for softening hard water.

Learn more about Acids, Bases, and Salts from the topics given below:

Practise This Question

_____ is the property of carbon atom that enables it to form stable long chains or cyclic compounds with itself.