NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers are prepared by subject experts keeping in mind the student’s requirements of CBSE Class 8. These solutions do not confuse students but help them in reaching a conclusion using the ideal method. Solving NCERT questions will give students the advantage of preparing themselves better before the final CBSE exams. BYJU’S aims at bringing out the very best in students through additional skill-building exercises that are tailored to their grade levels, abilities and interests. Class 8 NCERT Solutions are a valuable help to students in their exams.

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Access Answers to NCERT Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers

Exercise 16.1 Page No: 255

Find the values of the letters in each of the following and give reasons for the steps involved.

1.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-1

Solution:

Say, A = 7 and we get,

7+5 = 12

In which one’s place is 2.

Therefore, A = 7

And putting 2 and carry over 1, we get

B = 6

Hence A = 7 and B = 6

2.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-2

Solution:

If A = 5 and we get,

8+5 = 13 in which ones place is 3.

Therefore, A = 5 and carry over 1 then

B = 4 and C = 1

Hence, A = 5, B = 4 and C = 1

3.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-3

Solution:

On putting A = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and so on and we get,

AxA = 6×6 = 36 in which ones place is 6.

Therefore, A = 6

4.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-4

Solution:

Here, we observe that B = 5 so that 7+5 =12

Putting 2 at ones place and carry over 1 and A = 2, we get

2+3+1 =6

Hence A = 2 and B =5

5.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-5

Solution:

Here on putting B = 0, we get 0x3 = 0.

And A = 5, then 5×3 =15

A = 5 and C=1

Hence A = 5, B = 0 and C = 1

6.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-6

Solution:

On putting B = 0, we get 0x5 = 0 and A = 5, then 5×5 =25

A = 5, C = 2

Hence A = 5, B = 0 and C =2

7.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-7

Solution:

Here product of B and 6 must be same as ones place digit as B.

6×1 = 6, 6×2 = 12, 6×3 = 18, 6×4 =24

On putting B = 4, we get the ones digit 4 and remaining two B’s value should be44.

Therefore, for 6×7 = 42+2 =44

Hence A = 7 and B = 4

8.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-8

Solution:

On putting B = 9, we get 9+1 = 10

Putting 0 at ones place and carry over 1, we get for A = 7

7+1+1 =9

Hence, A = 7 and B = 9

9.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-9

Solution:

On putting B = 7, we get 7+1 =8

Now A = 4, then 4+7 =11

Putting 1 at tens place and carry over 1, we get

2+4+1 =7

Hence, A = 4 and B = 7

10.

Ncert solutions class 8 chapter 16-10

Solution:

Putting A = 8 and B = 1, we get

8+1 =9

Now, again we add2 + 8 =10

Tens place digit is ‘0’ and carry over 1. Now 1+6+1 = 8 =A

Hence A = 8 and B =1


Exercise 16.2 Page No: 260

1. If 21y5 is a multiple of 9, where y is a digit, what is the value of y?

Solution:

Suppose 21y5 is a multiple of 9.

Therefore, according to the divisibility rule of 9, the sum of all the digits should be a multiple of 9.

That is, 2+1+y+5 = 8+y

Therefore, 8+y is a factor of 9.

This is possible when 8+y is any one of these numbers 0, 9, 18, 27, and so on

However, since y is a single digit number, this sum can be 9 only.

Therefore, the value of y should be 1 only i.e. 8+y = 8+1 = 9.

2. If 31z5 is a multiple of 9, where z is a digit, what is the value of z? You will find that there are two answers for the last problem. Why is this so?

Solution:

Since, 31z5 is a multiple of 9.

Therefore according to the divisibility rule of 9, the sum of all the digits should be a multiple of 9.

3+1+z+5 = 9+z

Therefore, 9+z is a multiple of 9

This is only possible when 9+z is any one of these numbers: 0, 9, 18, 27, and so on.

This implies, 9+0 = 9 and 9+9 = 18

Hence 0 and 9 are two possible answers.

3. If 24x is a multiple of 3, where x is a digit, what is the value of x?

(Since 24x is a multiple of 3, its sum of digits 6+x is a multiple of 3; so 6+x is one of these numbers: 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, … . But since x is a digit, it can only be that 6+x = 6 or 9 or 12 or 15. Therefore, x = 0 or 3 or 6 or 9. Thus, x can have any of four different values.)

Solution:

Let’s say, 24x is a multiple of 3.

Then, according to the divisibility rule of 3, the sum of all the digits should be a multiple of 3.

2+4+x = 6+x

So, 6+x is a multiple of 3, and 6+x is one of these numbers: 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and so on.

Since, x is a digit, the value of x will be either 0 or 3 or 6 or 9, and the sum of the digits can be 6 or 9 or 12 or 15 respectively.

Thus, x can have any of the four different values: 0 or 3 or 6 or 9.

4. If 31z5 is a multiple of 3, where z is a digit, what might be the values of z?

Solution:

Since 31z5 is a multiple of 3.

Therefore according to the divisibility rule of 3, the sum of all the digits should be a multiple of 3.

That is, 3+1+z+5 = 9+z

Therefore, 9+z is a multiple of 3.

This is possible when the value of 9+z is any of the values: 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and so on.

At z = 0, 9+z = 9+0 = 9

At z = 3, 9+z = 9+3 = 12

At z = 6, 9+z = 9+6 = 15

At z = 9, 9+z = 9+9 = 18

The value of 9+z can be 9 or 12 or 15 or 18.

Hence 0, 3, 6 or 9 are four possible answers for z.


NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers

Class 8 NCERT exercise wise questions and answers are very important for students in order to develop logical and mental ability. Some of the important topics introduced in Solutions of Class 8 NCERT Maths are Numbers in General Form, Games with Numbers, Letters for Digits and Tests of Divisibility. In previous classes, students have studied various types of numbers, their properties and relationships among them. In this section, numbers are explored in more detail.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Exercises:

Get a detailed solution for all the questions listed under the below exercises:

Exercise 16.1 Solutions : 10 Questions (Short answer type)

Exercise 16.2 Solutions : 4 Questions (Short answer type)

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers

NCERT Class 8 Maths Chapter 16-Playing with Numbers, introduce Numbers in General Form, Games with Numbers and Divisibility test by some numbers: by 2, 3, 5, and 10.

The main topics covered in this chapter include:

Exercise Topic
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Numbers in General Form
16.3 Games with Numbers
16.4 Letters for Digits
16.5 Tests of Divisibility

Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers

  1. These NCERT exercises meticulously solved by subject experts.
  2. The simple and easy language used.
  3. All questions are solved using a step-by-step approach.
  4. Practice all the solved examples given and get the exam ready.
  5. These NCERT solutions are a valuable help to students in their assignments and competitive exams.

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